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4@STRING{AP = {Academic Press}}
5
6@STRING{AREPS = {Annual Review of Earth Planetary Science}}
7
8@STRING{ARFM = {Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics}}
9
10@STRING{ASL = {Atmospheric Science Letters}}
11
12@STRING{AW = {Addison-Wesley}}
13
14@STRING{CP = {Clarendon Press}}
15
16@STRING{CD = {Clim. Dyn.}}
17
18@STRING{CUP = {Cambridge University Press}}
19
20@STRING{CSR = {Cont. Shelf Res.}}
21
22@STRING{D = {Dover Publications}}
23
24@STRING{DAO = {Dyn. Atmos. Ocean}}
25
26@STRING{DSR = {Deep-Sea Res.}}
27
28@STRING{E = {Eyrolles}}
29
30@STRING{EFM ={Environ. Fluid Mech.}}
31
32@STRING{GRL = {Geophys. Res. Let.}}
33
34@STRING{I = {Interscience}}
35
36@STRING{JAOT = {J. Atmos. Ocean Tech.}}
37
38@STRING{JAS = {J. Atmos. Sc.}}
39
40@STRING{JC = {J. Climate}}
41
42@STRING{JCP = {J. Comput. Phys.}}
43
44@STRING{JFM = {J. Fluid Mech.}}
45
46@STRING{JGR = {J. Geophys. Res}}
47
48@STRING{JHUP = {The Johns Hopkins University Press}}
49
50@STRING{JMR = {J. Mar. Res.}}
51
52@STRING{JMS = {J. Mar. Sys.}}
53
54@STRING{JMSJ = {J. Met. Soc. Japan}}
55
56@STRING{JPO = {J. Phys. Oceanogr.}}
57
58@STRING{JSC = {J. Supercomputing.}}
59
60@STRING{JWS = {John Wiley and Sons}}
61
62@STRING{M = {Macmillan}}
63
64@STRING{MGH = {McGraw-Hill}}
65
66@STRING{MWR = {Mon. Wea. Rev.}}
67
68@STRING{Nature = {Nat.}}
69
70@STRING{NH = {North-Holland}}
71
72@STRING{Ocean = {Oceanology}}
73
74@STRING{OD = {Ocean Dyn.}}
75
76@STRING{OM = {Ocean Modelling}}
77
78@STRING{OS = {Ocean Sc.}}
79
80@STRING{OUP = {Oxford University Press}}
81
82@STRING{PH = {Prentice-Hall}}
83
84@STRING{PO = {Prog. Oceangr.}}
85
86@STRING{PP = {Pergamon Press}}
87
88@STRING{PRSL = {Proceedings of the Royal Society of London}}
89
90@STRING{QJRMS = {Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.}}
91
92@STRING{Recherche = {La Recherche}}
93
94@STRING{RGSP = {Rev. Geophys. Space Phys.}}
95
96@STRING{Science = {Science}}
97
98@STRING{SV = {Springer-Verlag}}
99
100@STRING{Tellus = {Tellus}}
101
102
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693 institution = {European Union: Marine Environment and Security for the European Area (MERSEA) Integrated Project},
694note = {MERSEA-WP09-MERCA-TASK-9.1.1}
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698  author = {Eric P. Chassignet and Linda T. Smith and George R. Halliwell},
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822@article{de_lavergne_JPO2016_mixing,
823   author = {C. de Lavergne and G. Madec and J. Le Sommer and A. J. G. Nurser and A. C. Naveira Garabato },
824   title = {On Antarctic Bottom Water consumption in the abyssal ocean},
825   issn = {0022-3670},
826   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0201.1},
827   doi = {10.1175/JPO-D-14-0201.1},
828   abstract = {In studies of ocean mixing, it is generally assumed that small-scale turbulent overturns lose 15-20 \% of their energy in eroding the background stratification. Accumulating evidence that this energy fraction, or mixing efficiency Rf, significantly varies depending on flow properties challenges this assumption, however. Here, we examine the implications of a varying mixing efficiency for ocean energetics and deep water mass transformation. Combining current parameterizations of internal wave-driven mixing with a recent model expressing Rf as a function of a turbulence intensity parameter Reb = εν/νN2, we show that accounting for reduced mixing efficiencies in regions of weak stratification or energetic turbulence (high Reb) strongly limits the ability of breaking internal waves to supply oceanic potential energy and drive abyssal upwelling. Moving from a fixed Rf = 1/6 to a variable efficiency Rf(Reb) causes Antarctic Bottom Water upwelling induced by locally-dissipating internal tides and lee waves to fall from 9 to 4 Sv, and the corresponding potential energy source to plunge from 97 to 44 GW. When adding the contribution of remotely-dissipating internal tides under idealized distributions of energy dissipation, the total rate of Antarctic Bottom Water upwelling is reduced by about a factor of 2, reaching 5-15 Sv compared to 10-33 Sv for a fixed efficiency. Our results suggest that distributed mixing, overflow-related boundary processes and geothermal heating are more effective in consuming abyssal waters than topographically-enhanced mixing by breaking internal waves. Our calculations also point to the importance of accurately constraining Rf(Reb) and including the effect in ocean models.},
829   journal = {Journal of Physical Oceanography},
830   year = {2016},
831   volume = {46},  pages = {635-–661}
832}
833
834@article{de_lavergne_JPO2016_efficiency,
835   author = {C. de Lavergne and G. Madec and J. Le Sommer and A. J. G. Nurser and A. C. Naveira Garabato },
836   title = {The impact of a variable mixing efficiency on the abyssal overturning},
837   issn = {0022-3670},
838   url = {http://dx.doi.org//10.1175/JPO-D-14-0259.1},
839   doi = {10.1175/JPO-D-14-0259.1},
840   abstract = {In studies of ocean mixing, it is generally assumed that small-scale turbulent overturns lose 15-20 \% of their energy in eroding the background stratification. Accumulating evidence that this energy fraction, or mixing efficiency Rf, significantly varies depending on flow properties challenges this assumption, however. Here, we examine the implications of a varying mixing efficiency for ocean energetics and deep water mass transformation. Combining current parameterizations of internal wave-driven mixing with a recent model expressing Rf as a function of a turbulence intensity parameter Reb = εν/νN2, we show that accounting for reduced mixing efficiencies in regions of weak stratification or energetic turbulence (high Reb) strongly limits the ability of breaking internal waves to supply oceanic potential energy and drive abyssal upwelling. Moving from a fixed Rf = 1/6 to a variable efficiency Rf(Reb) causes Antarctic Bottom Water upwelling induced by locally-dissipating internal tides and lee waves to fall from 9 to 4 Sv, and the corresponding potential energy source to plunge from 97 to 44 GW. When adding the contribution of remotely-dissipating internal tides under idealized distributions of energy dissipation, the total rate of Antarctic Bottom Water upwelling is reduced by about a factor of 2, reaching 5-15 Sv compared to 10-33 Sv for a fixed efficiency. Our results suggest that distributed mixing, overflow-related boundary processes and geothermal heating are more effective in consuming abyssal waters than topographically-enhanced mixing by breaking internal waves. Our calculations also point to the importance of accurately constraining Rf(Reb) and including the effect in ocean models.},
841   journal = {Journal of Physical Oceanography},
842   year = {2016},
843   volume = {46},  pages = {663-–681}
844}
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1089@ARTICLE{Farrow1995,
1090  author = {D. E. Farrow and D. P. Stevens},
1091  title = {A new tracer advection scheme for Bryan--Cox type ocean general circulation
1092   models},
1093  journal = JPO,
1094  year = {1995},
1095  volume = {25},
1096  pages = {1731--1741.}
1097}
1098
1099@ARTICLE{Flather1976,
1100 author = {R.A. Flather},
1101 year = {1976},
1102 title = {A tidal model of the north-west European continental shelf},
1103 journal = {Memoires de la Societ\'{e} Royale des Sciences de Li\`{e}ge},
1104 volume = {6},
1105 pages = {141--164}
1106}
1107
1108@ARTICLE{Flather_JPO94,
1109 author = {R.A. Flather},
1110 year = {1994},
1111 title = {A storm surge prediction model for the northern Bay of Bengal with application to the cyclone disaster in April 1991},
1112 journal = JPO,
1113 volume = {24},
1114 pages = {172--190}
1115}
1116
1117@ARTICLE{Fujio1991,
1118  author = {S. Fujio and N. Imasato},
1119  title = {Diagnostic calculation for circulation and water mass movement in
1120   the deep Pacific},
1121  journal = JGR,
1122  year = {1991},
1123  volume = {96},
1124  pages = {759--774}
1125}
1126
1127@ARTICLE{Galperin_al_JAS88,
1128  author = {B. Galperin and L. H. Kantha and S. Hassid and A. Rosati},
1129  title = {A quasi-equilibrium turbulent energy model for geophysical flows},
1130  journal = JAS,
1131  year = {1988},
1132  volume = {45},
1133  pages = {55--62}
1134}
1135
1136@ARTICLE{Gargett1984,
1137  author = {A. E. Gargett},
1138  title = {Vertical eddy diffusivity in the ocean interior},
1139  journal = JMR,
1140  year = {1984},
1141  volume = {42}
1142}
1143
1144@ARTICLE{Gaspar1990,
1145  author = {P. Gaspar and Y. Gr{\'e}goris and J.-M. Lefevre},
1146  title = {A simple eddy kinetic energy model for simulations of the oceanic vertical mixing\:
1147    Tests at Station Papa and long-term upper ocean study site},
1148  journal = JGR,
1149  year = {1990},
1150  volume = {95},  number = {C9}
1151}
1152
1153@ARTICLE{Gent1990,
1154  author = {P. R. Gent and J. C. Mcwilliams},
1155  title = {Isopycnal Mixing in Ocean Circulation Models},
1156  journal = JPO,
1157  year = {1990},
1158  volume = {20},  number = {1},
1159  pages = {150--155},
1160}
1161
1162@Article{Gentemann_al_JGR09,
1163  author =   {C. L. Gentemann  and P. J. Minnett and B. Ward},
1164  title =        {Profiles of Ocean Surface heating ({POSH}): A new model
1165                  of upper ocean diurnal warming},
1166  journal =     JGR,
1167  year =     {2009},
1168  Volume =   {114},
1169  Pages =    {C07017},
1170  doi =   {10.1029/2008JC004825},
1171  OPTannote =   {}
1172}
1173
1174@ARTICLE{Gerdes1993a,
1175  author = {R. Gerdes},
1176  title = {A primitive equation ocean circulation model using a general vertical
1177   coordinate transformation 1. Description and testing of the model},
1178  journal = JGR,
1179  year = {1993},
1180  volume = {98}
1181}
1182
1183@ARTICLE{Gerdes1993b,
1184  author = {R. Gerdes},
1185  title = {A primitive equation ocean circulation model using a general vertical
1186   coordinate transformation 2. Application to an overflow problem},
1187  journal = JGR,
1188  year = {1993},
1189  volume = {98},
1190  pages = {14703--14726}
1191}
1192@ARTICLE{Gerdes1991,
1193   Author = {Gerdes, R{\"u}diger and K{\"o}berle, Cornelia and Willebrand, J{\"u}rgen},
1194   Doi = {10.1007/BF00210006},
1195   Journal = {Clim. Dynamics},
1196   Number = {4},
1197   Pages = {211--226},
1198   Title = {The influence of numerical advection schemes on the results of ocean general circulation models},
1199   Url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00210006},
1200   Volume = {5},
1201   Year = {1991},
1202}
1203@TECHREPORT{Gibson_TR86,
1204  author = {J. K. Gibson},
1205  title = {Standard software development and maintenance},
1206  institution = {Operational Dep., ECMWF, Reading, UK.},
1207  year = {1986}
1208}
1209
1210@BOOK{Gill1982,
1211  title = {Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics},
1212  publisher = {International Geophysics Series, Academic Press, New-York},
1213  year = {1982},
1214  author = {A. E. Gill}
1215}
1216
1217@article{goff_JGR2010,
1218   author = {J. A. Goff},
1219   title = {Global prediction of abyssal hill root-mean-square heights from small-scale altimetric gravity variability},
1220   issn = {2156-2202},
1221   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010JB007867},
1222   doi = {10.1029/2010JB007867},
1223   abstract = {Abyssal hills, which are pervasive landforms on the seafloor of the Earth's oceans, represent a potential tectonic record of the history of mid-ocean ridge spreading. However, the most detailed global maps of the seafloor, derived from the satellite altimetry-based gravity field, cannot be used to deterministically characterize such small-scale ({\textless}10 km) morphology. Nevertheless, the small-scale variability of the gravity field can be related to the statistical properties of abyssal hill morphology using the upward continuation formulation. In this paper, I construct a global prediction of abyssal hill root-mean-square (rms) heights from the small-scale variability of the altimetric gravity field. The abyssal hill-related component of the gravity field is derived by first masking distinct features, such as seamounts, mid-ocean ridges, and continental margins, and then applying a newly designed adaptive directional filter algorithm to remove fracture zone/discontinuity fabric. A noise field is derived empirically by correlating the rms variability of the small-scale gravity field to the altimetric noise field in regions of very low relief, and the noise variance is subtracted from the small-scale gravity variance. Suites of synthetically derived, abyssal hill formed gravity fields are generated as a function of water depth, basement rms heights, and sediment thickness and used to predict abyssal hill seafloor rms heights from corrected small-scale gravity rms height. The resulting global prediction of abyssal hill rms heights is validated qualitatively by comparing against expected variations in abyssal hill morphology and quantitatively by comparing against actual measurements of rms heights. Although there is scatter, the prediction appears unbiased.},
1224   volume = {115},
1225   number = {B12},
1226   journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth},
1227   year = {2010},
1228   pages = {B12104},
1229}
1230
1231@ARTICLE{Goosse_al_JGR99,
1232  author = {H. Goosse and E. Deleersnijder and T. Fichefet and M. England},
1233  title = {Sensitivity of a global coupled ocean-sea ice model to the parameterization of vertical mixing},
1234  journal = JGR,
1235  year = {1999},
1236  volume = {104},
1237  pages = {13,681--13,695}
1238}
1239
1240@ARTICLE{Gorgues_al_GRL07,
1241  author = {T. Gorgues and C. Menkes and O. Aumont and K. Rodgers and G. Madec and Y. Dandonneau},
1242  title = {Indonesian Throughflow control of the eastern equatorial Pacific biogeochemistry},
1243  journal = GRL,
1244  year = {2007},
1245  volume = {34},
1246  pages = {L05609},
1247  doi = {10.1029/2006GL028210},
1248  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2006GL028210}
1249}
1250
1251@ARTICLE{Graham_McDougall_JPO13,
1252  author = {F.S. Graham and T.J. McDougall},
1253  title = {Quantifying the nonconservative production of conservative temperature, potential temperature, and entropy},
1254  journal = JPO,
1255  year = {2013},
1256  volume = {43},
1257  pages = {838--862},
1258  url ={http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-11-0188.1}
1259}
1260
1261@ARTICLE{Greatbatch_JGR94,
1262  author = {R. J. Greatbatch},
1263  title = {A note on the representation of steric sea level in models that conserve
1264   volume rather than mass},
1265  journal = JGR,
1266  year = {1994},
1267  volume = {99},  number = {C6},
1268  pages = {12,767--12,771}
1269}
1270
1271@BOOK{Griffies_Bk04,
1272  title = {Fundamentals of ocean climate models},
1273  publisher = {Princeton University Press, 434pp},
1274  year = {2004},
1275  author = {S.M. Griffies}
1276}
1277
1278@ARTICLE{Griffies_JPO98,
1279  author = {S.M. Griffies},
1280  title = {The Gent-McWilliams skew-flux},
1281  journal = JPO,
1282  year = {1998},
1283  volume = {28},
1284  pages = {831--841}
1285}
1286
1287@ARTICLE{Griffies_al_OM09,
1288  author = {S.M. Griffies and A. Biastoch and C. Boning and F. Bryan and G. Danabasoglu
1289   and E. P. Chassignet and M. H. England and R. Gerdes and H. Haak
1290   and R. W. Hallberg and W. Hazeleger and J. Jungclaus and W. G. Large
1291   and G. Madec and A. Pirani and B. L. Samuels and M. Scheinert and
1292   A. Sen Gupta and C. A. Severijns and H. L. Simmons and A.-M. Treguier
1293   and M. Winton and S. Yeager and J. Yin},
1294  title = {Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments (COREs)},
1295  journal = OM,
1296  year = {2009},
1297  volume = {26},  number = {1-2},
1298  pages = {1--46},
1299  doi = {10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.08.007},
1300  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.08.007}
1301}
1302
1303@ARTICLE{Griffies_al_OS05,
1304  author = {S.M. Griffies and A. Gnanadesikan and K.W. Dixon and J.P. Dunne and
1305   R. Gerdes and M.J. Harrison and A. Rosati and J.L. Russell and B.L.
1306   Samuels and M.J. Spelman and M. Winton and R. Zhang},
1307  title = {Formulation of an ocean model for global climate simulations},
1308  journal = OS,
1309  year = {2005},
1310  volume = {1},
1311  pages = {45--79}
1312  }
1313
1314@ARTICLE{Griffies_al_JPO98,
1315  author = {S.M. Griffies and A. Gnanadesikan and R.C. Pacanowski and V.D. Larichev
1316   and J.K. Dukowicz and R.D. Smith},
1317  title = {Isoneutral Diffusion in a z-Coordinate Ocean Model},
1318  journal = JPO,
1319  year = {1998},
1320  volume = {28},  number = {5},
1321  pages = {805--830},
1322}
1323
1324@ARTICLE{Griffies_al_MWR01,
1325  author = {S.M. Griffies and R.C. Pacanowski and M. Schmidt and V. Balaji},
1326  title = {Tracer Conservation with an Explicit Free Surface Method for z-Coordinate
1327   Ocean Models},
1328  journal = MWR,
1329  year = {2001},
1330  volume = {129},  number = {5},
1331  pages = {1081--1098},
1332}
1333
1334@ARTICLE{Griffies_Hallberg_MWR00,
1335  author = {S.M. Griffies and R.W. Hallberg},
1336  title = {Biharmonic friction with a Smagorinsky-like viscosity for use in large-scale eddy-permitting ocean models},
1337  journal = MWR,
1338  year = {2000},
1339  volume = {128}, 
1340  pages = {2935–-2946},
1341 url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(2000)128}
1342}
1343
1344@ARTICLE{Guilyardi_al_JC04,
1345  author = {E. Guilyardi and S. Gualdi and J. M. Slingo and A. Navarra and P. Delecluse
1346    and J. Cole and G. Madec and M. Roberts and M. Latif and L. Terray},
1347  title = {Representing El Ni\~{n}o in coupled ocean-atmosphere GCMs: the dominant role of the atmospheric component},
1348  journal = JC,
1349  year = {2004},
1350  volume = {17},
1351  pages = {4623--4629}
1352}
1353
1354@ARTICLE{Guilyardi_Madec_CD98,
1355  author = {E. Guilyardi and G. Madec},
1356  title = {Performance of the OPA-ARPEGE-T21 global ocean-atmosphere coupled model},
1357  journal = CD,
1358  year = {1997},
1359  volume = {13},
1360  pages = {149--165}
1361}
1362
1363@ARTICLE{Guilyardi_al_CD01,
1364  author = {E. Guilyardi and G. Madec and L. Terray},
1365  title = {The role of lateral ocean physics in the upper ocean thermal balance of a coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM},
1366  journal = CD,
1367  year = {2001},
1368  volume = {17},
1369  pages = {589--599},
1370  number = {8}
1371}
1372
1373@ARTICLE{Guilyardi_al_CRAS95,
1374  author = {E. Guilyardi and G. Madec and L. Terray and M. D\'{e}qu\'{e} and
1375   M. Pontaud and M. Imbard and D. Stephenson and M.-A. Filiberti and
1376   D. Cariolle and P. Delecluse and O. Thual},
1377  title = {Simulation couplée océan-atmosphère de la variabilité du climat},
1378  journal = {C. R. Acad. Sci Paris},
1379  year = {1995},
1380  volume = {320},  number = {s\'{e}rie IIa},
1381  pages = {683--690}
1382}
1383
1384@ARTICLE{Guyon_al_EP99,
1385  author = {M. Guyon and G. Madec and F.-X. Roux and M. Imbard},
1386  title = {A Parallel ocean model for high resolution studies},
1387  journal = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
1388  year = {1999},
1389  volume = {Euro-Par'99},
1390  pages = {603--607}
1391}
1392
1393@ARTICLE{Guyon_al_CalPar99,
1394  author = {M. Guyon and G. Madec and F.-X. Roux and M. Imbard and C. Herbaut
1395   and P. Fronier},
1396  title = {Parallelization of the OPA ocean model},
1397  journal = {Calculateurs Paralleles},
1398  year = {1999},
1399  volume = {11},  number = {4},
1400  pages = {499--517}
1401}
1402
1403@BOOK{Haltiner1980,
1404  title = {Numerical prediction and dynamic meteorology},
1405  publisher = {John Wiley {\&} Sons Eds., second edition},
1406  year = {1980},
1407  author = {G. J. Haltiner and R. T. Williams},
1408  pages = {477pp}
1409}
1410
1411@ARTICLE{Haney1991,
1412  author = {R. L. Haney},
1413  title = {On the Pressure Gradient Force over Steep Topography in Sigma Coordinate Ocean Models},
1414  journal = JPO,
1415  year = {1991},
1416  volume = {21},  number = {4},
1417  pages = {610--619},
1418}
1419
1420@ARTICLE{Hazeleger_Drijfhout_JPO98,
1421  author = {W. Hazeleger and S. S. Drijfhout},
1422  title = {Mode water variability in a model of the subtropical gyre: response to anomalous forcing},
1423  journal = JPO,
1424  year = {1998},
1425  volume = {28},
1426  pages = {266--288},
1427}
1428
1429@ARTICLE{Hazeleger_Drijfhout_JPO99,
1430  author = {W. Hazeleger and S. S. Drijfhout},
1431  title = {Stochastically forced mode water variability},
1432  journal = JPO,
1433  year = {1999},
1434  volume = {29},
1435  pages = {1772--1786},
1436}
1437
1438@ARTICLE{Hazeleger_Drijfhout_JGR00,
1439  author = {W. Hazeleger and S. S. Drijfhout},
1440  title = {A model study on internally generated variability in subtropical mode water formation},
1441  journal = JGR,
1442  year = {2000},
1443  volume = {105},
1444  pages = {13,965--13,979},
1445}
1446@ARTICLE{Hazeleger_Drijfhout_JPO00,
1447  author = {W. Hazeleger and S. S. Drijfhout},
1448  title = {Eddy subduction in a model of the subtropical gyre},
1449  journal = JPO,
1450  year = {2000},
1451  volume = {30},
1452  pages = {677--695},
1453}
1454
1455@ARTICLE{Hellerman_Rosenstein_JPO83,
1456  author = {S. Hellerman and  M. Rosenstein },
1457  title = {Normal monthly wind stress over the world ocean with error estimates},
1458  journal = JPO,
1459  year = {1983},
1460  volume = {13},
1461  pages = {1093--1104},
1462}
1463
1464@ARTICLE{He_Ding_JSC01,
1465  author = {Y. He and C. H. Q. Ding},
1466  title = {Using Accurate Arithmetics to Improve Numerical Reproducibility and Stability in Parallel Applications},
1467  journal = JSC,
1468  year = {2001},
1469  volume = {18},
1470  pages = {259--277},
1471}
1472
1473@ARTICLE{Hirt_al_JCP74,
1474  author = {C. W. Hirt and A. A. Amsden and J. L. Cook},
1475  title = {An Arbitrary Lagrangian--Eulerian Computing Method for All Flow Speeds},
1476  journal = JCP,
1477  year = {1974},
1478  volume = {14},
1479  pages = {227--253}
1480}
1481
1482@ARTICLE{Hofmeister_al_OM09,
1483  author = {R. Hofmeister and H. Burchard and J.-M. Beckers},
1484  title = {Non-uniform adaptive vertical grids for 3D numerical ocean models},
1485  journal = OM,
1486  year = {2009},
1487  volume = {33},
1488  pages = {70--86},
1489  doi = {10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.12.003},
1490  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.12.003},
1491  issn = {1463-5003},
1492}
1493
1494@ARTICLE{Holland1999,
1495  author = {D. Holland and A. Jenkins},
1496  title = {Modeling Thermodynamic Ice-Ocean Interactions at the Base of an Ice Shelf},
1497  journal = JPO,
1498  year = {1999},
1499  volume = {29}, 
1500  pages = {1787--1800},
1501}
1502
1503@ARTICLE{HollowayOM86,
1504  author = {Greg Holloway},
1505  title = {A Shelf Wave/Topographic Pump Drives Mean Coastal Circulation (part I)},
1506  journal = OM,
1507  year = {1986},
1508  volume = {68}, 
1509}
1510
1511@ARTICLE{HollowayJPO92,
1512  author = {Greg Holloway},
1513  title = {Representing Topographic Stress for Large-Scale Ocean Models},
1514  journal = JPO,
1515  year = {1992},
1516  volume = {22}, 
1517  pages = {1033--1046},
1518}
1519
1520@ARTICLE{HollowayJPO94,
1521  author = {Michael Eby and Greg Holloway},
1522  title = {Sensitivity of a Large-Scale Ocean Model to a Parameterization of Topographic Stress},
1523  journal = JPO,
1524  year = {1994},
1525  volume = {24}, 
1526  pages = {2577--2587},
1527}
1528
1529@ARTICLE{HollowayJGR09,
1530  author = {Greg Holloway and Zeliang Wang},
1531  title = {Representing eddy stress in an Arctic Ocean model},
1532  journal = JGR,
1533  year = {2009},
1534  doi = {10.1029/2008JC005169}, 
1535}
1536
1537@ARTICLE{HollowayOM08,
1538  author = {Mathew Maltrud and Greg Holloway},
1539  title = {Implementing biharmonic neptune in a global eddying ocean model},
1540  journal = OM,
1541  year = {2008},
1542  volume = {21}, 
1543  pages = {22--34},
1544}
1545
1546@ARTICLE{Hordoir_al_CD08,
1547  author = {R. Hordoir and J. Polcher and J.-C. Brun-Cottan and G. Madec},
1548  title = {Towards a parametrization of river discharges into ocean general
1549   circulation models: a closure through energy conservation},
1550  journal = CD,
1551  year = {2008},
1552  volume = {31},  number = {7-8},
1553  pages = {891--908},
1554  doi = {10.1007/s00382-008-0416-4},
1555  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-008-0416-4}
1556}
1557
1558@ARTICLE{Hsu1990,
1559  author = {Hsu, Yueh-Jiuan G. and Arakawa, Akio},
1560  title = {Numerical Modeling of the Atmosphere with an Isentropic Vertical Coordinate},
1561  journal = MWR,
1562  year = {1990},
1563  volume = {118},  number = {10},
1564  pages = {1933--1959},
1565}
1566
1567@ARTICLE{Huang_JPO93,
1568  author = {R.X. Huang},
1569  title = {Real freshwater flux as a natural boundary condition for the salinity
1570   balance and thermohaline circulation forced by evaporation and precipitation},
1571  journal = JPO,
1572  year = {1993},
1573  volume = {23},
1574  pages = {2428--2446}
1575}
1576
1577@TECHREPORT{Hunke2008,
1578  author = {E.C. Hunke and W.H. Lipscomb},
1579  title = {CICE: the Los Alamos sea ice model documentation and software user's manual,
1580        Version 4.0},
1581  institution = { Los Alamos National Laboratory, N.M.},
1582  publisher = {LA-CC-06-012, Los Alamos National Laboratory, N.M.},
1583  year = {2008}
1584}
1585
1586@TechReport{Hunter2006,
1587  Title                    = {Specification for Test Models of Ice Shelf Cavities},
1588  Author                   = {J. R. Hunter},
1589  Institution              = {Antarctic Climate \& Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre Private Bag 80, Hobart, Tasmania 7001},
1590  Year                     = {2006},
1591}
1592
1593@TECHREPORT{TEOS10,
1594  author = {IOC and SCOR and IAPSO},
1595  title = {The international thermodynamic equation of seawater - 2010: Calculation and use of thermodynamic properties},
1596  institution = {Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission},
1597  publisher = {Manuals and Guides No. 56, UNESCO (English)},
1598  year = {2010},
1599  pages = {196pp},
1600  url = {http://www.teos-10.org/pubs/TEOS-10_Manual.pdf}
1601}
1602
1603@ARTICLE{Iudicone_al_JPO08b,
1604  author = {D. Iudicone and G. Madec and B. Blanke and S. Speich},
1605  title = {The role of Southern Ocean surface forcings and mixing in the global conveyor},
1606  journal = JPO,
1607  year = {2008},
1608  volume = {38},
1609  pages = {1377--1400}
1610}
1611
1612@ARTICLE{Iudicone_al_JPO08a,
1613  author = {D. Iudicone and G. Madec and T. J. McDougall},
1614  title = {Diagnosing water transformations and the key role of light penetration},
1615  journal = JPO,
1616  year = {2008},
1617  volume = {38},
1618  pages = {1357--1376}
1619}
1620
1621@ARTICLE{Iudicone_al_JPO07,
1622  author = {D. Iudicone and K. Rodgers and R. Schopp and G. Madec},
1623  title = {An Exchange window for the Antarctic Intermediate Water Injection into the South Pacific},
1624  journal = JPO,
1625  year = {2007},
1626  volume = {37},
1627  pages = {31--49}
1628}
1629
1630@ARTICLE{Iudicone_al_JPO08c,
1631  author = {D. Iudicone and S. Speich and G. Madec and B. Blanke},
1632  title = {The global Conveyor Belt in a Southern Ocean perspective},
1633  journal = JPO,
1634  year = {2008},
1635  volume = {38},
1636  pages = {1401--1425}
1637}
1638
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2194  title = {NEMO ocean engine},
2195  publisher = {Note du P\^ole de mod\'{e}lisation, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace
2196   (IPSL), France, No 27, ISSN No 1288-1619},
2197  year = {2008},
2198  author = {G. Madec}
2199}
2200
2201@BOOK{Madec_HDR01,
2202  title = {Le Cycle des Masses d'Eau Oc\'{e}aniqueset sa variabilit\'{e} dans le Syst\'{e}me Climatique},
2203  year = {2001},
2204  author = {G. Madec},
2205  pages = {63pp.},
2206  series = {Habilitation \'{a} Diriger des Recherches, Universit\'{e} Pierre et Marie Curie}
2207}
2208
2209@PHDTHESIS{Madec_PhD90,
2210  author = {G. Madec},
2211  title = {La formation d'eau profonde et son impact sur la circulation r\'{e}gionale
2212   en M\'{e}diterran\'{e}e Occidentale - une approche num\'{e}rique},
2213  school = {Universit\'{e} Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France, 194pp.},
2214  year = {1990},
2215  month = {2 mai}
2216}
2217
2218@ARTICLE{Madec_al_DAO91,
2219  author = {G. Madec and M. Chartier and M. Cr\'{e}pon},
2220  title = {Effect of thermohaline forcing variability on deep water formation
2221   in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea - a high resulution three-dimensional
2222   study},
2223  journal = DAO,
2224  year = {1991},
2225  volume = {15},
2226  pages = {301--332}
2227}
2228
2229@ARTICLE{Madec_al_JPO91,
2230  author = {G. Madec and M. Chartier and P. Delecluse and M. Cr\'{e}pon},
2231  title = {A three-dimensional numerical study of deep water formation in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea .},
2232  journal = JPO,
2233  year = {1991},
2234  volume = {21},
2235  pages = {1349--1371}
2236}
2237
2238@INBOOK{Madec_Crepon_Bk91,
2239  chapter = {Thermohaline-driven deep water formation in the Northwestern Mediterranean
2240   Sea},
2241  pages = {241--265},
2242  title = {Deep convection and deep water formation in the oceans},
2243  publisher = {Elsevier Oceanographic Series, P.C. Chu and J.C. Gascard (Eds.)},
2244  year = {1991},
2245  author = {G. Madec and M. Cr\'{e}pon}
2246  }
2247
2248@ARTICLE{Madec1997,
2249  author = {G. Madec and P. Delecluse},
2250  title = {The OPA/ARPEGE and OPA/LMD Global Ocean-Atmosphere Coupled Model},
2251  journal = {Int. WOCE Newsletter},
2252  year = {1997},
2253  volume = {26},
2254  pages = {12--15}
2255}
2256
2257@TECHREPORT{Madec1998,
2258  author = {G. Madec and P. Delecluse and M. Imbard and C. Levy},
2259  title = {OPA 8 Ocean General Circulation Model - Reference Manual},
2260  institution = {LODYC/IPSL Note 11},
2261  year = {1998}
2262}
2263
2264@ARTICLE{Madec_Imbard_CD96,
2265  author = {G Madec and M Imbard},
2266  title = {A global ocean mesh to overcome the north pole singularity},
2267  journal = CD,
2268  year = {1996},
2269  volume = {12},
2270  pages = {381--388}
2271}
2272
2273@ARTICLE{Madec_al_JPO96,
2274  author = {G. Madec and F. Lott and P. Delecluse and M. Cr\'{e}pon},
2275  title = {Large-Scale Preconditioning of Deep-Water Formation in the Northwestern
2276   Mediterranean Sea},
2277  journal = JPO,
2278  year = {1996},
2279  volume = {26},  number = {8},
2280  pages = {1393--1408},
2281}
2282
2283@ARTICLE{Madec_al_OM88,
2284  author = {G. Madec and C. Rahier and M. Chartier},
2285  title = {A comparison of two-dimensional elliptic solvers for the streamfunction
2286   in a multilevel OGCM},
2287  journal = OM,
2288  year = {1988},
2289  volume = {78},
2290  pages = {1-6}
2291}
2292
2293@ARTICLE{Maes_al_CD98,
2294  author = {C. Maes and P. Delecluse and G. Madec},
2295  title = {Impact of westerly wind bursts on the warm pool of the TOGA-COARE
2296   domain in an OGCM},
2297  journal = CD,
2298  year = {1998},
2299  volume = {14},
2300  pages = {55--70}
2301}
2302
2303@ARTICLE{Maes_al_MWR97,
2304  author = {C. Maes and G. Madec and P. Delecluse},
2305  title = {Sensitivity of an Equatorial Pacific OGCM to the lateral diffusion},
2306  journal = MWR,
2307  year = {1997},
2308  volume = {125},  number = {5},
2309  pages = {958--971}
2310}
2311
2312@ARTICLE{Maggiore_al_PCE98,
2313  author = {A. Maggiore and  M. Zavatarelli and M. G. Angelucci and N. Pinardi},
2314  title = {Surface heat and water fluxes in the Adriatic Sea: seasonal and interannual variability},
2315  journal = {Phys Chem Earth},
2316  year = {1998},
2317  volume = {23},
2318  pages = {561--567}
2319}
2320
2321@ARTICLE{Maltrud1998,
2322  author = {M. E. Maltrud and R. D. Smith and A. J. Semtner and R. C. Malone},
2323  title = {Global eddy-resolving ocean simulations driven by 1985-1995 atmospheric
2324   winds},
2325  journal = JGR,
2326  year = {1998},
2327  volume = {103},  number = {C13},
2328  pages = {30,825--30,854}
2329}
2330
2331@ARTICLE{Marchesiello2001,
2332  author = { P. Marchesiello and J. Mc Williams and A. Shchepetkin },
2333  title = {Open boundary conditions for long-term integrations of Regional Oceanic
2334   Models},
2335  journal = OM,
2336  year = {2001},
2337  volume = {3},
2338  pages = {1--20}
2339}
2340
2341@ARTICLE{Marsaleix_al_OM08,
2342  author = {P. Marsaleix and F. Auclair and J. W. Floor and M. J. Herrmann and
2343   C. Estournel and I. Pairaud and C. Ulses},
2344  title = {Energy conservation issues in sigma-coordinate free-surface ocean
2345   models},
2346  journal = OM,
2347  year = {2008},
2348  volume = {20},  number = {1},
2349  pages = {61--89},
2350  doi = {10.1016/j.ocemod.2007.07.005},
2351  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2007.07.005}
2352}
2353
2354@Article{Marsh_GMD2015,
2355AUTHOR = {R. Marsh and V. O. Ivchenko and N. Skliris and S. Alderson and G. R. Bigg and G. Madec and A. T. Blaker and Y. Aksenov and B. Sinha and A. C. Coward and J. Le Sommer and N. Merino and V. B. Zalesny},
2356TITLE = {NEMO-ICB (v1.0): interactive icebergs in the NEMO ocean model globally configured at eddy-permitting resolution},
2357JOURNAL = {Geoscientific Model Development},
2358VOLUME = {8},
2359YEAR = {2015},
2360NUMBER = {5},
2361PAGES = {1547--1562},
2362url = {HTTP://www.geosci-model-dev.net/8/1547/2015/},
2363DOI = {10.5194/gmd-8-1547-2015}
2364}
2365
2366@article{Martin_Adcroft_OM10,
2367author = {T. Martin and A. Adcroft},
2368title = {Parameterizing the fresh-water flux from land ice to ocean with interactive icebergs in a coupled climate model},
2369journal = OM,
2370year = {2010},
2371volume = {34}, number = {3--4},
2372pages = {111--124},
2373issn = {1463-5003},
2374doi = {10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.05.001},
2375url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.05.001}
2376}
2377
2378@BOOK{MIT-GCM_2004,
2379  title = {MIT-gcm User Manual},
2380  year = {2004},
2381  editor = {MIT Department of EAPS},
2382  author = {J. Marshall and A. Adcroft and J.-M. Campin and P. Heimbach and A.
2383   Molod and S. Dutkiewicz and H. Hill and M. Losch and B. Fox-Kemper
2384   and D. Menemenlis and D. Ferreira and E. Hill and M. Follows and
2385   C. Hill and C. Evangelinos and G. Forget}
2386   }
2387
2388@PHDTHESIS{Marti_PhD92,
2389  author = {O. Marti},
2390  title = {Etude de l'oc\'{e}an mondial : mod\'{e}lisation de la circulation
2391   et du transport de traceurs anthropog\'{e}niques},
2392  school = {Universit\'{e} Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France, 201pp},
2393  year = {1992}
2394}
2395
2396@ARTICLE{Marti_al_CD10,
2397  author = {O. Marti and P. Braconnot and J.-L. Dufresne and J. Bellier and R.
2398   Benshila and S. Bony and P. Brockmann and P. Cadule and A. Caubel
2399   and F Codron and S. Denvil and L. Fairhead and T. Fichefet and M.-A.
2400   Filiberti and M.-A. Foujols and P. Friedlingstein and H. Goosse and
2401   J.-Y. Grandpeix and E. Guilyardi and F. Hourdin and G. Krinner and
2402   C. L\'{e}vy and G. Madec and J. Mignot and I. Musat and D. Swingedouw
2403   and C. Talandier},
2404  title = {Key features of the IPSL ocean atmosphere model and its sensitivity
2405   to atmospheric resolution},
2406  journal = CD,
2407  year = {2010},
2408  volume = {34},  number = {1},
2409  pages = {1--26},
2410  doi = {10.1007/s00382-009-0640-6},
2411  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-009-0640-6}
2412}
2413
2414@ARTICLE{Marti_al_JGR92,
2415  author = {O. Marti and G. Madec and P. Delecluse},
2416  title = {Comment on "Net diffusivity in ocean general circulation models with
2417   nonuniform grids" by F. L. Yin and I. Y. Fung},
2418  journal = JGR,
2419  year = {1992},
2420  volume = {97},
2421  pages = {12,763--12,766}
2422}
2423
2424@INBOOK{Masson_al_Bk08,
2425  chapter = {OPA9 - French experiments on the Earth Simulator and Teraflop Workbench
2426   tunings},
2427  pages = {25-34},
2428  title = {In High Performance computing on Vector System 2007, Stuttgart, Germany},
2429  publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
2430  year = {2008},
2431  editor = {Resch M, Roller S, Lammers P, Furui T, Galle M, Bez W},
2432  author = {S. Masson and M.-A. Foujols and P. Klein and G. Madec and L. Hua and M. Levy
2433  and H. Sasaki and K. Takahashi and F. Svensson},
2434  doi = {10.1007/978-3-540-74384-2},
2435  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-74384-2}
2436}
2437
2438@ARTICLE{Masson_al_GRL05,
2439  author = {S. Masson and J.-J. Luo and G. Madec and J. Vialard and F. Durand
2440   and S. Gualdi and E. Guilyardi and S. Behera and P. Delecluse and
2441   A. Navarra and T. Yamagata},
2442  title = {Impact of barrier layer on winter-spring variability of the South-Eastern
2443   Arabian Sea},
2444  journal = GRL,
2445  year = {2005},
2446  volume = {32},
2447  pages = {L07703},
2448  doi = {10.1029/2004GL021980},
2449  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2004GL021980}
2450}
2451
2452@ARTICLE{McDougall1987,
2453  author = {T. J. McDougall},
2454  title = {Neutral Surfaces},
2455  journal = JPO,
2456  year = {1987},
2457  volume = {17},  number = {11},
2458  pages = {1950--1964},
2459}
2460
2461@ARTICLE{McDougall_Taylor_JMR84,
2462  author = {T. J. McDougall and J. R. Taylor},
2463  title = {Flux measurements across a finger interface at low values of the stability ratio},
2464  journal = JMR,
2465  year = {1984},
2466  volume = {42},
2467  pages = {1--14}
2468}
2469
2470@ARTICLE{Mellor_Blumberg_JPO04,
2471author = {G. Mellor and A. Blumberg},
2472title = {Wave Breaking and Ocean Surface Layer Thermal Response},
2473journal = JPO,
2474volume = {34}, number = {3},
2475pages = {693--698},
2476year = {2004},
2477doi = {10.1175/2517.1},
2478URL = {http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/2517.1}
2479}
2480
2481@ARTICLE{Mellor_Yamada_1982,
2482  author = {G. L. Mellor and T. Yamada},
2483  title = {Development of a turbulence closure model for geophysical fluid problems},
2484  journal = RGSP,
2485  year = {1982},
2486  volume = {20},
2487  pages = {851--875}
2488}
2489
2490@ARTICLE{Menkes_al_JPO06,
2491  author = {C. Menkes and J. Vialard and S C. Kennan and J.-P. Boulanger and G. Madec},
2492  title = {A modelling study of the three-dimensional heat budget of Tropical
2493    Instability Waves in the Equatorial Pacific},
2494  journal = JPO,
2495  year = {2006},
2496  volume = {36},  number = {5},
2497  pages = {847--865}
2498}
2499
2500@ARTICLE{Merryfield1999,
2501  author = {W. J. Merryfield and G. Holloway and A. E. Gargett},
2502  title = {A Global Ocean Model with Double-Diffusive Mixing},
2503  journal = JPO,
2504  year = {1999},
2505  volume = {29},  number = {6},
2506  pages = {1124--1142}
2507}
2508
2509@BOOK{Mesinger_Arakawa_Bk76,
2510  title = {Numerical methods used in Atmospheric models},
2511  publisher = {GARP Publication Series No 17},
2512  year = {1976},
2513  author = {F. Mesinger and A. Arakawa}
2514}
2515
2516@ARTICLE{Morel_JGR88,
2517  author = {A. Morel},
2518  title = {Optical modeling of the upper ocean in relation to its biogenous matter content (Case I waters)},
2519  journal = JGR,
2520  year = {1988},
2521  volume = {93},
2522  pages = {10,749--10,768}
2523}
2524
2525@ARTICLE{Morel_Berthon_LO89,
2526  author = {A. Morel and J.-F. Berthon},
2527  title = {Surface pigments, algal biomass profiles, and potential production of the euphotic layer:
2528           Relationships reinvestigated in view of remote-sensing applications},
2529  journal = {Limnol. Oceanogr.},
2530  year = {1989},
2531  volume = {34(8)},
2532  pages = {1545--1562}
2533}
2534
2535@ARTICLE{Morel_Maritorena_JGR01,
2536  author = {A. Morel and S. Maritorena},
2537  title = {Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: a reappraisal},
2538  journal = JGR,
2539  year = {2001},
2540  volume = {106}, number = {C4},
2541  pages = {7163--7180}
2542}
2543
2544@ARTICLE{Moun_al_JPO02,
2545  author = {J.N. Moum and D.R. Caldwell and J.D. Nash and G.D. Gunderson},
2546  title = {Observations of boundary mixing over the continental slope},
2547  journal = JPO,
2548  year = {2002},
2549  volume = {32}, number = {7},
2550  pages = {2113--2130}
2551}
2552
2553@ARTICLE{Murray_JCP96,
2554  author = {R. J. Murray},
2555  title = {Explicit Generation of Orthogonal Grids for Ocean Models},
2556  journal = JCP,
2557  year = {1996},
2558  volume = {126},  number = {2},
2559  pages = {251--273},
2560}
2561
2562@ARTICLE{Oddo_al_OS09,
2563  author = {P. Oddo and M. Adani and N. Pinardi and C. Fratianni and M. Tonani and D. Pettenuzzo},
2564  title = {A nested Atlantic-Mediterranean Sea general circulation model for operational forecasting},
2565  journal = OS,
2566  year = {2009},
2567  volume = {5},
2568  pages = {1--13},
2569}
2570
2571@PHDTHESIS{Olivier_PhD01,
2572  author = {F. Olivier},
2573  title = {Etude de l'activit\'{e} biologique et de la circulation oc\'{e}anique
2574   dans un jet g\'{e}ostrophique: le front Alm\'{e}ria-Oran},
2575  school = {Universit\'{e} Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France},
2576  year = {2001}
2577}
2578
2579@ARTICLE{Osborn_JPO80,
2580  author = {T.R. Osborn},
2581  title = {Estimates of the local rate of vertical diffusion from dissipation measurements},
2582  journal = JPO,
2583  year = {1980},
2584  volume = {10},
2585  pages = {83--89}
2586}
2587
2588@ARTICLE{Pacanowski_Philander_JPO81,
2589  author = {R.C. Pacanowski and S.G.H. Philander},
2590  title = {Parameterization of Vertical Mixing in Numerical Models of Tropical Oceans},
2591  journal = JPO,
2592  year = {1981},
2593  volume = {11},  number = {11},
2594  pages = {1443--1451}
2595}
2596
2597@ARTICLE{Pacanowski_Gnanadesikan_MWR98,
2598  author = {R. C. Pacanowski and A. Gnanadesikan},
2599  title = {Transient response in a z-level ocean model that resolves topography with partial-cells},
2600  journal = MWR,
2601  year = {1998},
2602  volume = {126},
2603  pages = {3248--3270}
2604}
2605
2606@ARTICLE{Park_al_JC09,
2607  author = {W. Park and N. Keenlyside and M. Latif and A. Str\¨{o}h and R. Redler and E. Roeckner and G. Madec},
2608  title = {Tropical Pacific Climate and its Response to Global Warming in the
2609   Kiel Climate Model},
2610  journal = JC,
2611  year = {2009},
2612  volume = {22},  number = {1},
2613  pages = {71--92},
2614  doi = {10.1175/2008JCLI2261.1},
2615  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2008JCLI2261.1}
2616}
2617
2618@ARTICLE{Paulson1977,
2619  author = {C. A. Paulson and J. J. Simpson},
2620  title = {Irradiance Measurements in the Upper Ocean},
2621  journal = JPO,
2622  year = {1977},
2623  volume = {7},  number = {6},
2624  pages = {952--956}
2625}
2626
2627@ARTICLE{Payne_JAS72,
2628  author = {R. E. Payne},
2629  title = {Albedo of the Sea Surface},
2630  journal = JAS,
2631  year = {1972},
2632  volume = {29},
2633  pages = {959--970}
2634}
2635
2636@ARTICLE{Penduff_al_OM06,
2637  author = {T. Penduff and B. Barnier and J.-M. Molines and G. Madec},
2638  title = {On the use of current meter data to assess the realism of ocean model simulations},
2639  journal = OM,
2640  year = {2006},
2641  volume = {11},  number = {3--4},
2642  pages = {399--416}
2643}
2644
2645@ARTICLE{Penduff_al_JGR00,
2646  author = {T. Penduff and B. Barnier and A. Colin de Verdi\`{e}re},
2647  title = {Self-adapting open boundaries for a regional model of the eastern North Atlantic},
2648  journal = JGR,
2649  year = {2000},
2650  volume = {105},
2651  pages = {11,279--11,297}
2652}
2653
2654@ARTICLE{Penduff_al_OS07,
2655  author = {T. Penduff and J. Le Sommer and B. Barnier and A.M. Treguier and J. Molines and G. Madec},
2656  title = {Influence of numerical schemes on current-topography interactions
2657   in 1/4$^{\circ}$ global ocean simulations},
2658  journal = OS,
2659  year = {2007},
2660  volume = {3},
2661  pages = {509--524}
2662}
2663
2664@ARTICLE{Phillips1959,
2665  author = {R. S. Phillips},
2666  title = {Dissipative Operators and Hyperbolic Systems of Partial Differential Equations},
2667  journal = {Transactions of the American Mathematical Society},
2668  year = {1959},
2669  volume = {90},  number = {2},
2670  pages = {193--254},
2671  doi = {10.2307/1993202},
2672  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1993202}
2673}
2674
2675@ARTICLE{Le_Quere_al_GBC00,
2676  author = {C. Le Qu\'{e}r\'{e} and J. C. Orr and P. Monfray and O. Aumont and G. Madec},
2677  title = {Interannual variability of the global and regional sea-air flux of C02 from 1979 to 1993},
2678  journal = GBC,
2679  year = {2000},
2680  volume = {14},
2681  pages = {1247--1266}
2682}
2683
2684@ARTICLE{Raynaud_al_GRL00,
2685  author = {S. Raynaud and S. Speich and E. Guilyardi and G. Madec},
2686  title = {Impact of the ocean lateral diffusion on the ENSO-like variability of a global coupled GCM},
2687  journal = GRL,
2688  year = {2000},
2689  volume = {27},  number = {19},
2690  pages = {3041--3044}
2691}
2692
2693@ARTICLE{Redi_JPO82,
2694  author = {M. H. Redi},
2695  title = {Oceanic isopycnal mixing by coordinate rotation},
2696  journal = JPO,
2697  year = {1982},
2698  volume = {13},
2699  pages = {1154--1158}
2700}
2701
2702@ARTICLE{Reed_JPO77,
2703  author = {R. K. Reed},
2704  title = {On estimating insolation over the ocean},
2705  journal = JPO,
2706  year = {1977},
2707  volume = {1},
2708  pages = {874--971}
2709}
2710
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2713  title = {The near surface tropical Atlantic in 1982-1984 : results from a numerical simulation and a data analysis},
2714  journal = PO,
2715  year = {1991},
2716  volume = {27},
2717  pages = {273--340}
2718}
2719
2720@BOOK{Richtmyer1967,
2721  title = {Difference methods for initial-value problems},
2722  publisher = {Interscience Publisher, Second Edition},
2723  year = {1967},
2724  author = {R. D. Richtmyer and K. W. Morton},
2725  pages = {405pp}
2726}
2727
2728@ARTICLE{Robert_JMSJ66,
2729  author = {A. J. Robert},
2730  title = {The integration of a Low order spectral form of the primitive meteorological equations},
2731  journal = JMSJ,
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2733  volume = {44},  number = {2}
2734}
2735
2736@ARTICLE{Rodgers_al_GRL04,
2737  author = {K. Rodgers and O. Aumont and G. Madec and C. Menkes},
2738  title = {Radiocarbon as a thermocline proxy for the eastern equatorial Pacific},
2739  journal = GRL,
2740  year = {2004},
2741  volume = {31},
2742  pages = {L14314},
2743  doi = {10.1029/2004GL019764},
2744  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2004GL019764}
2745}
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3306
3307@ARTICLE{Willebrand_al_PO01,
3308  author = {J. Willebrand and B. Barnier and C. Boning and C. Dieterich and P.
3309   D. Killworth and C. Le Provost and Y. Jia and J.-M. Molines and A. L. New},
3310  title = {Circulation characteristics in three eddy-permitting models of the North Atlantic},
3311  journal = PO,
3312  year = {2001},
3313  volume = {48},  number = {2},
3314  pages = {123--161}
3315}
3316
3317@ARTICLE{Williams_al_DAO09,
3318  author = {P.D. Williams and E. Guilyardi and G. Madec and S. Gualdi and E. Scoccimarro},
3319  title = {The role of mean ocean salinity on climate},
3320  journal = DAO,
3321  year = {2010},
3322  volume = {49},  number = {2-3},
3323  pages = {108--123},
3324  doi = {10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2009.02.001},
3325  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2009.02.001}
3326}
3327
3328@ARTICLE{Williams_al_GRL07,
3329  author = {P.D. Williams and E. Guilyardi and R. Sutton and J.M. Gregory and G. Madec},
3330  title = {A new feedback on climate change from the hydrological cycle},
3331  journal = GRL,
3332  year = {2007},
3333  volume = {34},
3334  pages = {L08706},
3335  doi = {10.1029/2007GL029275},
3336  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007GL029275}
3337}
3338
3339@ARTICLE{Williams_al_CD06,
3340  author = {P.D. Williams and E. Guilyardi and R. Sutton and J.M. Gregory and G. Madec},
3341  title = {On the climate response of the low-latitude Pacific ocean to changes in the global freshwater cycle},
3342  journal = CD,
3343  year = {2006},
3344  volume = {27},
3345  pages = {593--611}
3346}
3347
3348@ARTICLE{Zalesak_JCP79,
3349  author = {S. T. Zalesak},
3350  title = {Fully multidimensional flux corrected transport algorithms for fluids},
3351  journal = JCP,
3352  year = {1979},
3353  volume = {31}
3354}
3355
3356@ARTICLE{Zhang_Endoh_JGR92,
3357  author = {Zhang, R.-H. and Endoh, M.},
3358  title = {A free surface general circulation model for the tropical Pacific Ocean},
3359  journal = JGR,
3360  year = {1992},
3361  volume = {97},
3362  pages = {11,237--11,255}
3363}
3364
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