source: CONFIG/UNIFORM/u1/IPSLCM5REPR_u1/GENERAL/PARAM/orchidee.def @ 1692

Last change on this file since 1692 was 1692, checked in by jgipsl, 11 years ago

Changed to _AUTO_ all variables that will be modified by the orchidee.driver or stomate.driver. Added, where missing, "else ORCHIDEE_sed..." to set default values.

File size: 30.0 KB
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1#
2#**************************************************************************
3#                    Namelist for ORCHIDEE
4#**************************************************************************
5#
6#
7#**************************************************************************
8#          OPTIONS NOT SET
9#**************************************************************************
10#
11#
12#**************************************************************************
13#          Management of display in the run of ORCHIDEE
14#**************************************************************************
15
16# Model chatting level
17# level of online diagnostics in STOMATE (0-4)
18# With this variable, you can determine how much online information STOMATE
19#  gives during the run. 0 means virtually no info.
20BAVARD = 1
21# default = 1
22
23# Flag for debug information
24# This option allows to switch on the output of debug
25#         information without recompiling the code.
26DEBUG_INFO = n
27#default = n
28
29# ORCHIDEE will print more messages
30# This flag permits to print more debug messages in the run.
31LONGPRINT = n
32#default = n
33
34#---------------------------------------------------------------------
35
36# To reset the time coming from SECHIBA restart file
37# This option allows the model to override the time
38#  found in the restart file of SECHIBA with the time
39#  of the first call. That is the restart time of the GCM.
40SECHIBA_reset_time = y
41# default = n
42
43#**************************************************************************
44#          Files : incoming / forcing / restart /output
45#**************************************************************************
46# Ancillary files :
47#---------------------------------------------------------------------
48
49# Name of file from which the vegetation map is to be read
50# If !IMPOSE_VEG
51# If LAND_USE
52#   default = pft_new.nc
53#   The name of the file to be opened to read a vegetation
54#   map (in pft) is to be given here.
55# If !LAND_USE
56#   default = ../surfmap/carteveg5km.nc
57#   The name of the file to be opened to read the vegetation
58#   map is to be given here. Usualy SECHIBA runs with a 5kmx5km
59#   map which is derived from the IGBP one. We assume that we have
60#   a classification in 87 types. This is Olson modified by Viovy.
61VEGETATION_FILE = PFTmap.nc
62
63
64# Name of file from which the bare soil albedo
65# If !IMPOSE_AZE
66# The name of the file to be opened to read the soil types from
67#  which we derive then the bare soil albedos. This file is 1x1
68#  deg and based on the soil colors defined by Wilson and Henderson-Seller.
69SOILALB_FILE = soils_param.nc
70# default = ../surfmap/soils_param.nc
71
72# Name of file from which soil types are read
73# If !IMPOSE_VEG
74# The name of the file to be opened to read the soil types.
75#  The data from this file is then interpolated to the grid of
76#  of the model. The aim is to get fractions for sand loam and
77#  clay in each grid box. This information is used for soil hydrology
78#  and respiration.
79SOILTYPE_FILE = soils_param.nc
80# default = ../surfmap/soils_param.nc
81
82# Name of file from which the reference
83# The name of the file to be opened to read
84#  temperature is read
85#  the reference surface temperature.
86#  The data from this file is then interpolated
87#  to the grid of the model.
88#  The aim is to get a reference temperature either
89#  to initialize the corresponding prognostic model
90#  variable correctly (ok_dgvm = TRUE) or to impose it
91#  as boundary condition (ok_dgvm = FALSE)
92REFTEMP_FILE = reftemp.nc
93# default = reftemp.nc
94
95# Input and output restart file for SECHIBA :
96#---------------------------------------------------------------------
97
98# Name of restart to READ for initial conditions
99# This is the name of the file which will be opened
100#  to extract the initial values of all prognostic
101#  values of the model. This has to be a netCDF file.
102#  Not truly COADS compliant. NONE will mean that
103#  no restart file is to be expected.
104SECHIBA_restart_in = _AUTO_
105# default = NONE
106
107# Name of restart files to be created by SECHIBA
108# This variable give the name for the restart files.
109#  The restart software within IOIPSL will add .nc if needed.
110SECHIBA_rest_out = sechiba_rest_out.nc
111# default = sechiba_rest_out.nc
112
113# Input and output restart file for STOMATE :
114#---------------------------------------------------------------------
115
116# Name of restart to READ for initial conditions of STOMATE
117# If STOMATE_OK_STOMATE || STOMATE_WATCHOUT
118# This is the name of the file which will be opened of STOMATE
119#   to extract the initial values of all prognostic values of STOMATE.
120STOMATE_RESTART_FILEIN = _AUTO_
121# default = NONE
122
123# Name of restart files to be created by STOMATE
124# If STOMATE_OK_STOMATE || STOMATE_WATCHOUT
125# This is the name of the file which will be opened
126#        to write the final values of all prognostic values
127#        of STOMATE.
128STOMATE_RESTART_FILEOUT = stomate_rest_out.nc
129# default = stomate_restart.nc
130
131# Forcing files for TESTSTOMATE and FORCESOIL
132#---------------------------------------------------------------------
133
134# Name of STOMATE's forcing file
135# Name that will be given to STOMATE's offline forcing file
136#STOMATE_FORCING_NAME = stomate_forcing.nc
137#default = NONE
138
139# Size of STOMATE forcing data in memory (MB)
140# This variable determines how many
141#  forcing states will be kept in memory.
142#  Must be a compromise between memory
143#  use and frequeny of disk access.
144STOMATE_FORCING_MEMSIZE = 50
145# default = 50
146
147# Name of STOMATE's carbon forcing file
148# Name that will be given to STOMATE's carbon offline forcing file
149#STOMATE_CFORCING_NAME = stomate_Cforcing.nc
150# default = NONE
151
152
153# Produced forcing file name (SECHIBA puis STOMATE) :
154#---------------------------------------------------------------------
155
156# ORCHIDEE will write out its forcing to a file
157# This flag allows to write to a file all the variables
158#  which are used to force the land-surface. The file
159#  has exactly the same format than a normal off-line forcing
160#  and thus this forcing can be used for forcing ORCHIDEE.
161#ORCHIDEE_WATCHOUT = y
162# default = n
163
164# Filenane for the ORCHIDEE forcing file
165# If ORCHIDEE_WATCHOUT
166# This is the name of the file in which the
167#  forcing used here will be written for later use.
168WATCHOUT_FILE = orchidee_watchout.nc
169# default = orchidee_watchout.nc
170
171# ORCHIDEE will write out with this frequency
172# If ORCHIDEE_WATCHOUT
173# This flag indicates the frequency of the write of the variables.
174DT_WATCHOUT = 1800
175# default = dt
176
177# STOMATE does minimum service
178# set to TRUE if you want STOMATE to read
179#  and write its start files and keep track
180#  of longer-term biometeorological variables.
181#  This is useful if OK_STOMATE is not set,
182#  but if you intend to activate STOMATE later.
183#  In that case, this run can serve as a
184#  spinup for longer-term biometeorological
185#  variables.
186#STOMATE_WATCHOUT = y
187# default = n
188
189# Output file name (SECHIBA and STOMATE) :
190#---------------------------------------------------------------------
191# Name of file in which the output is going
192# This file is going to be created by the model
193#  to be written
194#  and will contain the output from the model.
195#  This file is a truly COADS compliant netCDF file.
196#  It will be generated by the hist software from
197#  the IOIPSL package.
198OUTPUT_FILE = sechiba_history.nc
199# default = cabauw_out.nc
200
201# Flag to switch on histfile 2 for SECHIBA (hi-frequency ?)
202# This Flag switch on the second SECHIBA writing for hi (or low)
203#  frequency writing. This second output is optional and not written
204#  by default.
205SECHIBA_HISTFILE2 = _AUTO_
206# default  = FALSE
207
208# Name of file in which the output number 2 is going
209#   to be written
210# If SECHIBA_HISTFILE2
211# This file is going to be created by the model
212#   and will contain the output 2 from the model.
213SECHIBA_OUTPUT_FILE2 = sechiba_out_2.nc
214# default  = sechiba_out_2.nc
215
216# Name of file in which STOMATE's output is going to be written
217# This file is going to be created by the model
218#  and will contain the output from the model.
219#  This file is a truly COADS compliant netCDF file.
220#  It will be generated by the hist software from
221#  the IOIPSL package.
222STOMATE_OUTPUT_FILE = stomate_history.nc
223# default = stomate_history.nc
224
225# Write levels for outputs files (number of variables) :
226#---------------------------------------------------------------------
227
228# SECHIBA history output level (0..10)
229# Chooses the list of variables in the history file.
230#  Values between 0: nothing is written; 10: everything is
231#  written are available More details can be found on the web under documentation.
232#  web under documentation.
233SECHIBA_HISTLEVEL = _AUTO_
234# default = 5
235
236# SECHIBA history 2 output level (0..10)
237# If SECHIBA_HISTFILE2
238# Chooses the list of variables in the history file.
239#   Values between 0: nothing is written; 10: everything is
240#   written are available More details can be found on the web under documentation.
241#   web under documentation.
242# First level contains all ORCHIDEE outputs.
243SECHIBA_HISTLEVEL2 = _AUTO_
244# default = 1
245
246# STOMATE history output level (0..10)
247#  0: nothing is written; 10: everything is written
248STOMATE_HISTLEVEL = _AUTO_
249# default = 10
250
251#--------------------------------------------------------------------
252# STOMATE_IPCC_OUTPUT_FILE
253# This file is going to be created by the model
254#    and will contain the output from the model.
255#    This file is a truly COADS compliant netCDF file.
256#    It will be generated by the hist software from
257#    the IOIPSL package.
258# Name of file in which STOMATE's output is going
259# to be written
260STOMATE_IPCC_OUTPUT_FILE = stomate_ipcc_history.nc
261# default = stomate_ipcc_history.nc
262
263# STOMATE_IPCC_HIST_DT
264# Time step of the STOMATE IPCC history file
265# STOMATE IPCC history time step (d)
266STOMATE_IPCC_HIST_DT = -1
267# default = 0.
268
269# Write frequency for output files (SECHIBA in seconds et
270# STOMATE in days) :
271#---------------------------------------------------------------------
272# Frequency in seconds at which to WRITE output
273# This variables gives the frequency the output of
274#  the model should be written into the netCDF file.
275#  It does not affect the frequency at which the
276#  operations such as averaging are done.
277WRITE_STEP = _AUTO_
278# default = 86400.0
279
280# Frequency in seconds at which to WRITE output
281# If SECHIBA_HISTFILE2
282# This variables gives the frequency the output 2 of
283#   the model should be written into the netCDF file.
284#   It does not affect the frequency at which the
285#   operations such as averaging are done.
286#   That is IF the coding of the calls to histdef
287#   are correct !
288WRITE_STEP2 = _AUTO_
289# default = 1800.0
290
291# STOMATE history time step (d)
292# Time step of the STOMATE history file
293# Care : this variable must be higher than DT_SLOW
294STOMATE_HIST_DT = _AUTO_
295# default = 10.
296
297#---------------------------------------------------------------------
298# FORCESOIL CARBON spin up parametrization
299#---------------------------------------------------------------------
300
301# Number of time steps per year for carbon spinup.
302FORCESOIL_STEP_PER_YEAR = 12
303# default = 12
304
305# Number of years saved for carbon spinup.
306FORCESOIL_NB_YEAR = 1
307# default = 1
308
309#---------------------------------------------------------------------
310# Parametrization :
311#---------------------------------------------------------------------
312
313# Activate STOMATE?
314# set to TRUE if STOMATE is to be activated
315STOMATE_OK_STOMATE = n
316# default = n
317
318# Activate DGVM?
319# set to TRUE if Dynamic Vegetation DGVM is to be activated
320STOMATE_OK_DGVM = n
321# default = n
322
323# Activate CO2?
324# set to TRUE if photosynthesis is to be activated
325STOMATE_OK_CO2 = y
326# default = n
327
328# Flag to force the value of atmospheric CO2 for vegetation.
329# If this flag is set to true, the ATM_CO2 parameter is used
330#  to prescribe the atmospheric CO2.
331# This Flag is only use in couple mode.
332FORCE_CO2_VEG = FALSE
333# default = FALSE
334
335# Value for atm CO2.
336# If FORCE_CO2_VEG (in not forced mode)
337# Value to prescribe the atm CO2.
338#  For pre-industrial simulations, the value is 286.2 .
339#  348. for 1990 year.
340ATM_CO2 = 350.
341# default = 350.
342
343# constant tree mortality
344# If yes, then a constant mortality is applied to trees.
345#  Otherwise, mortality is a function of the trees'
346#  vigour (as in LPJ).
347LPJ_GAP_CONST_MORT = y
348# default = y
349
350# no fire allowed
351# With this variable, you can allow or not
352#  the estimation of CO2 lost by fire
353FIRE_DISABLE = n
354# default = n
355
356# Average method for z0
357# If this flag is set to true (y) then the neutral Cdrag
358#  is averaged instead of the log(z0). This should be
359#  the prefered option. We still wish to keep the other
360#  option so we can come back if needed. If this is
361#  desired then one should set Z0CDRAG_AVE = n
362Z0CDRAG_AVE = y
363# default = y
364
365# parameters describing the surface (vegetation + soil) :
366#---------------------------------------------------------------------
367#
368# Should the vegetation be prescribed
369# This flag allows the user to impose a vegetation distribution
370#  and its characterisitcs. It is espacially interesting for 0D
371#  simulations. On the globe it does not make too much sense as
372#  it imposes the same vegetation everywhere
373IMPOSE_VEG = n
374# default = n
375
376# Flag to use old "interpolation" of vegetation map.
377# IF NOT IMPOSE_VEG and NOT LAND_USE
378#  If you want to recover the old (ie orchidee_1_2 branch)
379#   "interpolation" of vegetation map.
380SLOWPROC_VEGET_OLD_INTERPOL = n
381# default = n
382
383# Vegetation distribution within the mesh (0-dim mode)
384# If IMPOSE_VEG
385# The fraction of vegetation is read from the restart file. If
386#  it is not found there we will use the values provided here.
387SECHIBA_VEG__01 = 0.2
388SECHIBA_VEG__02 = 0.0
389SECHIBA_VEG__03 = 0.0
390SECHIBA_VEG__04 = 0.0
391SECHIBA_VEG__05 = 0.0
392SECHIBA_VEG__06 = 0.0
393SECHIBA_VEG__07 = 0.0
394SECHIBA_VEG__08 = 0.0
395SECHIBA_VEG__09 = 0.0
396SECHIBA_VEG__10 = 0.8
397SECHIBA_VEG__11 = 0.0
398SECHIBA_VEG__12 = 0.0
399SECHIBA_VEG__13 = 0.0
400# default = 0.2, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.8, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0
401
402# Maximum vegetation distribution within the mesh (0-dim mode)
403# If IMPOSE_VEG
404# The fraction of vegetation is read from the restart file. If
405#  it is not found there we will use the values provided here.
406SECHIBA_VEGMAX__01 = 0.2
407SECHIBA_VEGMAX__02 = 0.0
408SECHIBA_VEGMAX__03 = 0.0
409SECHIBA_VEGMAX__04 = 0.0
410SECHIBA_VEGMAX__05 = 0.0
411SECHIBA_VEGMAX__06 = 0.0
412SECHIBA_VEGMAX__07 = 0.0
413SECHIBA_VEGMAX__08 = 0.0
414SECHIBA_VEGMAX__09 = 0.0
415SECHIBA_VEGMAX__10 = 0.8
416SECHIBA_VEGMAX__11 = 0.0
417SECHIBA_VEGMAX__12 = 0.0
418SECHIBA_VEGMAX__13 = 0.0
419# default = 0.2, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.8, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0
420
421# LAI for all vegetation types (0-dim mode)
422# If IMPOSE_VEG
423# The maximum LAI used in the 0dim mode. The values should be found
424#  in the restart file. The new values of LAI will be computed anyway
425#  at the end of the current day. The need for this variable is caused
426#  by the fact that the model may stop during a day and thus we have not
427#  yet been through the routines which compute the new surface conditions.
428SECHIBA_LAI__01 = 0.
429SECHIBA_LAI__02 = 8.
430SECHIBA_LAI__03 = 8.
431SECHIBA_LAI__04 = 4.
432SECHIBA_LAI__05 = 4.5
433SECHIBA_LAI__06 = 4.5
434SECHIBA_LAI__07 = 4.
435SECHIBA_LAI__08 = 4.5
436SECHIBA_LAI__09 = 4.
437SECHIBA_LAI__10 = 2.
438SECHIBA_LAI__11 = 2.
439SECHIBA_LAI__12 = 2.
440SECHIBA_LAI__13 = 2.
441# default = 0., 8., 8., 4., 4.5, 4.5, 4., 4.5, 4., 2., 2., 2., 2.
442
443# Height for all vegetation types (m)
444# If IMPOSE_VEG
445# The height used in the 0dim mode. The values should be found
446#  in the restart file. The new values of height will be computed anyway
447#  at the end of the current day. The need for this variable is caused
448#  by the fact that the model may stop during a day and thus we have not
449#  yet been through the routines which compute the new surface conditions.
450SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__01 = 0.
451SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__02 = 50.
452SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__03 = 50.
453SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__04 = 30.
454SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__05 = 30.
455SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__06 = 30.
456SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__07 = 20.
457SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__08 = 20.
458SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__09 = 20.
459SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__10 = .2
460SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__11 = .2
461SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__12 = .4
462SLOWPROC_HEIGHT__13 = .4
463# default = 0., 30., 30., 20., 20., 20., 15., 15., 15., .5, .6, 1.0, 1.0
464
465
466# Fraction of the 3 soil types (0-dim mode)
467# If IMPOSE_VEG
468# Determines the fraction for the 3 soil types
469#  in the mesh in the following order : sand loam and clay.
470SOIL_FRACTIONS__01 = 0.28
471SOIL_FRACTIONS__02 = 0.52
472SOIL_FRACTIONS__03 = 0.20
473# default = 0.28, 0.52, 0.20
474
475# Fraction of other surface types within the mesh (0-dim mode)
476# If IMPOSE_VEG
477# The fraction of ice, lakes, etc. is read from the restart file. If
478#  it is not found there we will use the values provided here.
479#  For the moment, there is only ice.
480SECHIBA_FRAC_NOBIO = 0.0
481# default = 0.0
482
483# Fraction of the clay fraction (0-dim mode)
484# If IMPOSE_VEG
485# Determines the fraction of clay in the grid box.
486CLAY_FRACTION = 0.2
487# default = 0.2
488
489# Should the surface parameters be prescribed
490# This flag allows the user to impose the surface parameters
491#  (Albedo Roughness and Emissivity). It is espacially interesting for 0D
492#  simulations. On the globe it does not make too much sense as
493#  it imposes the same vegetation everywhere
494IMPOSE_AZE = n
495# default = n
496
497# Emissivity of the surface for LW radiation
498# If IMPOSE_AZE
499# The surface emissivity used for compution the LE emission
500#  of the surface in a 0-dim version. Values range between
501#  0.97 and 1.. The GCM uses 0.98.
502CONDVEG_EMIS = 1.0
503# default = 1.0
504
505# SW visible albedo for the surface
506# If IMPOSE_AZE
507# Surface albedo in visible wavelengths to be used
508#  on the point if a 0-dim version of SECHIBA is used.
509#  Look at the description of the forcing data for
510#  the correct value.
511CONDVEG_ALBVIS = 0.25
512# default = 0.25
513
514# SW near infrared albedo for the surface
515# If IMPOSE_AZE
516# Surface albedo in near infrared wavelengths to be used
517#  on the point if a 0-dim version of SECHIBA is used.
518#  Look at the description of the forcing data for
519#  the correct value.
520CONDVEG_ALBNIR = 0.25
521# default = 0.25
522
523# Surface roughness (m)
524# If IMPOSE_AZE
525# Surface rougness to be used on the point if a 0-dim version
526#  of SECHIBA is used. Look at the description of the forcing 
527#  data for the correct value.
528CONDVEG_Z0 = 0.15
529# default = 0.15_stnd
530
531# Height to be added to the height of the first level (m)
532# If IMPOSE_AZE
533# ORCHIDEE assumes that the atmospheric level height is counted
534#  from the zero wind level. Thus to take into account the roughness
535#  of tall vegetation we need to correct this by a certain fraction
536#  of the vegetation height. This is called the roughness height in
537#  ORCHIDEE talk.
538ROUGHHEIGHT = 0.0
539# default = 0.0
540
541# The snow albedo used by SECHIBA
542# This option allows the user to impose a snow albedo.
543#  Default behaviour is to use the model of snow albedo
544#  developed by Chalita (1993).
545CONDVEG_SNOWA = default
546# default = use the model of snow albedo developed by Chalita
547
548# Switch bare soil albedo dependent (if TRUE) on soil wetness
549# If TRUE, the model for bare soil albedo is the old formulation.
550#  Then it depend on the soil dry or wetness. If FALSE, it is the
551#  new computation that is taken, it is only function of soil color.
552ALB_BARE_MODEL = FALSE
553# default = FALSE
554
555# Initial snow mass if not found in restart
556# The initial value of snow mass if its value is not found
557#   in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
558#   started without a restart file.
559HYDROL_SNOW = 0.0
560# default = 0.0
561
562
563# Initial snow age if not found in restart
564# The initial value of snow age if its value is not found
565#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
566#  started without a restart file.
567HYDROL_SNOWAGE = 0.0
568# default = 0.0
569
570# Initial snow amount on ice, lakes, etc. if not found in restart
571# The initial value of snow if its value is not found
572#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
573#  started without a restart file.
574HYDROL_SNOW_NOBIO = 0.0
575# default = 0.0
576
577# Initial snow age on ice, lakes, etc. if not found in restart
578# The initial value of snow age if its value is not found
579#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
580#  started without a restart file.
581HYDROL_SNOW_NOBIO_AGE = 0.0
582# default = 0.0
583
584# Initial soil moisture stress if not found in restart
585# The initial value of soil moisture stress if its value is not found
586#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
587#  started without a restart file.
588HYDROL_HUMR = 1.0
589# default = 1.0
590
591# Total depth of soil reservoir
592HYDROL_SOIL_DEPTH = 4.
593# default = 2.
594
595# Root profile
596# Default values were defined for 2 meters soil depth.
597# For 4 meters soil depth, you may use those ones :
598# 5., .4, .4, 1., .8, .8, 1., 1., .8, 4., 1., 4., 1.
599HYDROL_HUMCSTE = 5., .4, .4, 1., .8, .8, 1., 1., .8, 4., 1., 4., 1.
600# default =  5., .8, .8, 1., .8, .8, 1., 1., .8, 4., 4., 4., 4.
601
602# Initial restart deep soil moisture if not found in restart
603# The initial value of deep soil moisture if its value is not found
604#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
605#  started without a restart file. Default behaviour is a saturated soil.
606HYDROL_BQSB = default
607# default = Maximum quantity of water (Kg/M3) * Total depth of soil reservoir = 150. * 2
608
609# Initial upper soil moisture if not found in restart
610# The initial value of upper soil moisture if its value is not found
611#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
612#  started without a restart file.
613HYDROL_GQSB = 0.0
614# default = 0.0
615
616# Initial upper reservoir depth if not found in restart
617# The initial value of upper reservoir depth if its value is not found
618#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
619#  started without a restart file.
620HYDROL_DSG = 0.0
621# default = 0.0
622
623# Initial dry soil above upper reservoir if not found in restart
624# The initial value of dry soil above upper reservoir if its value
625#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
626#  started without a restart file. The default behaviour
627#  is to compute it from the variables above. Should be OK most of
628#  the time.
629HYDROL_DSP = default
630# default = Total depth of soil reservoir - HYDROL_BQSB / Maximum quantity of water (Kg/M3) = 0.0
631
632# Initial water on canopy if not found in restart
633# The initial value of moisture on canopy if its value
634#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
635#  started without a restart file.
636HYDROL_QSV = 0.0
637# default = 0.0
638
639# Soil moisture on each soil tile and levels
640# The initial value of mc if its value is not found
641#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
642#  started without a restart file.
643HYDROL_MOISTURE_CONTENT = 0.3
644# default = 0.3
645
646# US_NVM_NSTM_NSLM
647# The initial value of us (relative moisture) if its value is not found
648#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
649#  started without a restart file.
650US_INIT = 0.0
651# default = 0.0
652
653# Coefficient for free drainage at bottom
654# The initial value of free drainage if its value is not found
655#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
656#  started without a restart file.
657FREE_DRAIN_COEF = 1.0, 1.0, 1.0
658# default = 1.0, 1.0, 1.0
659
660# Bare soil evap on each soil if not found in restart
661# The initial value of bare soils evap if its value is not found
662#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
663#  started without a restart file.
664EVAPNU_SOIL = 0.0
665# default = 0.0
666
667# Initial temperature if not found in restart
668# The initial value of surface temperature if its value is not found
669#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
670#  started without a restart file.
671ENERBIL_TSURF = 280.
672# default = 280.
673
674# Initial Soil Potential Evaporation
675# The initial value of soil potential evaporation if its value
676#  is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if
677#  the model is started without a restart file.
678ENERBIL_EVAPOT = 0.0
679# default = 0.0
680
681# Initial soil temperature profile if not found in restart
682# The initial value of the temperature profile in the soil if
683#   its value is not found in the restart file. This should only
684#   be used if the model is started without a restart file. Here
685#   we only require one value as we will assume a constant
686#   throughout the column.
687THERMOSOIL_TPRO = 280.
688# default = 280.
689
690# Initial leaf CO2 level if not found in restart
691# The initial value of leaf_ci if its value is not found
692#  in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is
693#  started without a restart file.
694DIFFUCO_LEAFCI = 233.
695# default = 233.
696
697
698# Keep cdrag coefficient from gcm.
699# Set to .TRUE. if you want q_cdrag coming from GCM.
700#  Keep cdrag coefficient from gcm for latent and sensible heat fluxes.
701#  TRUE if q_cdrag on initialization is non zero (FALSE for off-line runs).
702CDRAG_FROM_GCM = y
703# default =  IF q_cdrag == 0 ldq_cdrag_from_gcm = .FALSE. ELSE .TRUE.
704
705
706# Artificial parameter to increase or decrease canopy resistance
707# Add from Nathalie - the 28 of March 2006 - advice from Fred Hourdin
708# By PFT.
709RVEG_PFT = 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1.
710# default = 1.
711
712
713# Interception reservoir coefficient.
714# Transforms leaf area index into size of interception reservoir
715#  for slowproc_derivvar or stomate.
716SECHIBA_QSINT = 0.02
717# default = 0.1
718
719#**************************************************************************
720# LAND_USE
721#**************************************************************************
722
723# Read a land_use vegetation map
724# pft values are needed, max time axis is 293
725LAND_USE = y
726# default = n
727
728# Year of the land_use vegetation map readed
729# year off the pft map
730# If LAND_USE (11 = 1860 - 1850 +1 for PFTmap.20C3M.nc, 1 for PFTmap_IPCC_2000.nc)
731VEGET_YEAR = 1
732# default = 282
733
734# booleen to indicate that a new LAND USE file will be used (since 1.9.5 version).
735# The parameter is used to bypass veget_year count
736# and reinitialize it with VEGET_YEAR parameter.
737# Then it is possible to change LAND USE file.
738# If LAND_USE
739VEGET_REINIT = n
740# default = n
741
742# Update vegetation frequency (since 2.0 version)
743# The veget datas will be update each this time step.
744# If LAND_USE
745VEGET_UPDATE = _AUTO_
746# default = 1Y
747
748# treat land use modifications
749# With this variable, you can use a Land Use map
750# to simulate anthropic modifications such as   
751# deforestation.                               
752# If LAND_USE
753LAND_COVER_CHANGE = _AUTO_
754# default = y
755
756#**************************************************************************
757
758# agriculture allowed?
759# With this variable, you can determine
760#  whether agriculture is allowed
761AGRICULTURE = y
762# default = y
763
764# Harvert model for agricol PFTs.
765# Compute harvest above ground biomass for agriculture.
766# Change daily turnover.
767HARVEST_AGRI = y
768# default = y
769
770# herbivores allowed?
771# With this variable, you can activate herbivores
772HERBIVORES = n
773# default = n
774
775# treat expansion of PFTs across a grid cell?
776# With this variable, you can determine
777#  whether we treat expansion of PFTs across a
778#  grid cell.
779TREAT_EXPANSION = n
780# default = n
781
782#**************************************************************************
783
784# Time within the day simulated
785# This is the time spent simulating the current day. This variable is
786#  prognostic as it will trigger all the computations which are
787#  only done once a day.
788SECHIBA_DAY = 0.0
789# default = 0.0
790
791# Time step of STOMATE and other slow processes
792# Time step (s) of regular update of vegetation
793#  cover, LAI etc. This is also the time step
794#  of STOMATE.
795DT_SLOW = 86400.
796# default = un_jour = 86400.
797
798#**************************************************************************
799
800# Allows to switch on the multilayer hydrology of CWRR
801# This flag allows the user to decide if the vertical
802#  hydrology should be treated using the multi-layer
803#  diffusion scheme adapted from CWRR by Patricia de Rosnay.
804#  by default the Choisnel hydrology is used.
805HYDROL_CWRR = _AUTO_
806# default = n
807
808# do horizontal diffusion?
809# If TRUE, then water can diffuse horizontally between
810#  the PFTs' water reservoirs.
811HYDROL_OK_HDIFF = n
812# default = n
813 
814
815# time scale (s) for horizontal diffusion of water
816# If HYDROL_OK_HDIFF
817# Defines how fast diffusion occurs horizontally between
818#  the individual PFTs' water reservoirs. If infinite, no
819#  diffusion.
820HYDROL_TAU_HDIFF = 1800.
821# default = 86400.
822
823# Percent by PFT of precip that is not intercepted by the canopy (since TAG 1.8).
824# During one rainfall event, PERCENT_THROUGHFALL_PFT% of the incident rainfall
825#  will get directly to the ground without being intercepted, for each PFT..
826PERCENT_THROUGHFALL_PFT = 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30.
827# default = 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30., 30.
828
829# Decides if we route the water or not
830# This flag allows the user to decide if the runoff
831#  and drainage should be routed to the ocean
832#  and to downstream grid boxes.
833RIVER_ROUTING = y
834# default = n
835
836# Name of file which contains the routing information
837# The file provided here should allow the routing module to
838#  read the high resolution grid of basins and the flow direction
839#  from one mesh to the other.
840ROUTING_FILE = routing.nc
841# default = routing.nc
842
843# Time step of the routing scheme
844# If RIVER_ROUTING
845# This values gives the time step in seconds of the routing scheme.
846#   It should be multiple of the main time step of ORCHIDEE. One day
847#   is a good value.
848ROUTING_TIMESTEP = 86400
849# default = 86400
850
851# Number of rivers
852# If RIVER_ROUTING
853# This parameter chooses the number of largest river basins
854#  which should be treated as independently as rivers and not
855#  flow into the oceans as diffusion coastal flow.
856ROUTING_RIVERS = 50
857# default = 50
858
859# Should we compute an irrigation flux
860# This parameters allows the user to ask the model
861#  to compute an irigation flux. This performed for the
862#  on very simple hypothesis. The idea is to have a good
863#  map of irrigated areas and a simple function which estimates
864#  the need to irrigate.
865DO_IRRIGATION = n
866# default = n
867
868# Name of file which contains the map of irrigated areas
869# If IRRIGATE
870# The name of the file to be opened to read the field
871#  with the area in m^2 of the area irrigated within each
872#  0.5 0.5 deg grid box. The map currently used is the one
873#  developed by the Center for Environmental Systems Research
874#  in Kassel (1995).
875IRRIGATION_FILE = irrigated.nc
876# default = irrigated.nc
877
878# Should we include floodplains
879# This parameters allows the user to ask the model
880#  to take into account the flood plains and return
881#  the water into the soil moisture. It then can go
882#  back to the atmopshere. This tried to simulate
883#  internal deltas of rivers.
884DO_FLOODPLAINS = n
885# default = n
886
887#**************************************************************************
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