Changes between Version 24 and Version 25 of Documentation/OrchideeParameters


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Timestamp:
01/27/17 14:37:21 (4 years ago)
Author:
jgipsl
Comment:

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  • Documentation/OrchideeParameters

    v24 v25  
    44 
    55 
    6 Here is given the list of all the parameters of the trunk rev 3025 are their description and default values :  
     6Here is given the list of all the parameters of the trunk rev 4061 are their description and default values :  
    77 
    88 || Config Key|| Config Def || Config Units || Config Desc || Config Help || Config If || 
    99 ||           ||            ||              ||             ||             ||           || 
    10  ||  a1  ||  undef, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85  ||  [-]  ||  Empirical factor involved in the calculation of fvpd  ||  See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009)  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
     10 ||  a1  ||  undef, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.72, 0.85, 0.72  ||  [-]  ||  Empirical factor involved in the calculation of fvpd  ||  See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009)  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
    1111 ||  ACTIVE_TO_PASS_CLAY_FRAC  ||  0.68    ||  [-]   ||    ||   ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    1212 ||  AGRICULTURE  ||  y  ||  [FLAG]  ||  agriculture allowed?  ||  With this variable, you can determine whether agriculture is allowed   ||  OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE ||  
    1313 ||  ALB_BARE_MODEL  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Switch bare soil albedo dependent (if TRUE) on soil wetness  ||  If TRUE, the model for bare soil albedo is the old formulation. Then it depend on the soil dry or wetness. If FALSE, it is the  new computation that is taken, it is the mean of soil albedo.   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     14 ||  ALB_BG_FILE  ||  alb_bg.nc  ||  [FILE]  ||  Name of file from which the background albedo is read   ||  The name of the file to be opened to read background albedo   ||   ||  
     15 ||  ALB_BG_MODIS  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Read bare soil albedo from file with background MODIS data  ||  If TRUE, the bare soil albedo is read from file based on background MODIS data.  If FALSE, computaion depends on ALB_BARE_MODEL   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    1416 ||  ALB_DEADLEAF   ||  0.12, 0.35  ||  [-]       ||  albedo of dead leaves, VIS+NIR   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
    1517 ||  ALB_ICE  ||  0.60, 0.20  ||  [-]    ||  albedo of ice, VIS+NIR  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    16  ||  ALB_LEAF_NIR  ||  .00, .20, .22, .22, .22,.22, .22, .22, .22, .30, .30, .30, .30   ||  [-]  ||  leaf albedo of vegetation type, near infrared albedo  ||   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    17  ||  ALB_LEAF_VIS  ||  .00, .04, .06, .06, .06,.06, .06, .06, .06, .10, .10, .10, .10  ||  [-]  ||  leaf albedo of vegetation type, visible albedo  ||   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     18 ||  ALB_LEAF_NIR  ||  .0, .227, .214, .193, .208, .244, .177, .218, .213, .252, .265, .272, .244  ||  [-]  ||  leaf albedo of vegetation type, near infrared albedo  ||  optimized on 04/07/2016  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     19 ||  ALB_LEAF_VIS  ||  .0, .0397, .0474, .0386, .0484, .0411, .041, .0541, .0435, .0524, .0508, .0509, .0606  ||  [-]  ||  leaf albedo of vegetation type, visible albedo  ||  optimized on 04/07/2016  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    1820 ||  ALBSOIL_NIR   ||  0.36, 0.34, 0.34, 0.33, 0.30, 0.25, 0.20, 0.15, 0.45  ||  [-]    ||    ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
    1921 ||  ALBSOIL_VIS  ||  0.18, 0.16, 0.16, 0.15, 0.12, 0.105, 0.09, 0.075, 0.25  ||  [-]    ||    ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
     
    2123 ||  ALLOC_MIN  ||  undef, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, undef, undef, undef, undef   ||  [-]  ||  minimum allocation above/below   ||   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    2224 ||  ALLOC_SAP_ABOVE_GRASS   ||  1.0   ||  [-]     ||  fraction of sapwood allocation above ground   ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    23  ||  ALLOW_WEATHERGEN  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Allow weather generator to create data  ||  This flag allows the forcing-reader to generate synthetic data if the data in the file is too sparse  and the temporal resolution would not be enough to  run the model.   ||   ||  
    2425 ||  ALMA_OUTPUT  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Should the output follow the ALMA convention  ||  If this logical flag is set to true the model will output all its data according to the ALMA  convention. It is the recommended way to write  data out of ORCHIDEE.   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    2526 ||  ALPHA_GRASS  ||  0.5  ||  [-]     ||  sapling characteristics : alpha's  ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
     
    4647 ||  bSJ  ||  undef, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, 0., -0.75, 0.   ||  [J K-1 mol-1 °C-1]  ||  b coefficient of the linear regression (a+bT) defining the Entropy term for Jmax  ||  See Table 3 of Kattge & Knorr (2007) - For C4 plants, we assume that there is no acclimation  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
    4748 ||  bSV  ||  undef, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, 0., -1.07, 0.   ||  [J K-1 mol-1 °C-1]  ||  b coefficient of the linear regression (a+bT) defining the Entropy term for Vcmax  ||  See Table 3 of Kattge & Knorr (2007) - For C4 plants, we assume that there is no acclimation  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
     49 ||  C1  ||  0.32  ||  [-]   ||  Constant used in the formulation of the ratio of   ||    ||  ROUGH_DYN ||  
     50 ||  C2  ||  0.264  ||  [-]   ||  Constant used in the formulation of the ratio of   ||    ||  ROUGH_DYN ||  
     51 ||  C3  ||  15.1  ||  [-]   ||  Constant used in the formulation of the ratio of   ||    ||  ROUGH_DYN ||  
    4852 ||  CANOPY_EXTINCTION   ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Use canopy radiative transfer model?  ||  set to TRUE if canopy radiative transfer model is used for biogenic emissions   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
    4953 ||  CANOPY_MULTILAYER  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Use canopy radiative transfer model with multi-layers  ||  set to TRUE if canopy radiative transfer model is with multiple layers   ||  CANOPY_EXTINCTION  ||  
     
    5256 ||  CARBON_TAU_ISLOW  ||  5.48  ||  [days]  ||  residence times in carbon pools  ||   ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    5357 ||  CB  ||  5.0  ||  [-]   ||  Constant of the Louis scheme   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     58 ||  C_BETA_ACET   ||  0.1  ||  []  ||  Acetone temperature dependency coefficient  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     59 ||  C_BETA_METH   ||  0.08  ||  []  ||  Methanol temperature dependency coefficient  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     60 ||  C_BETA_MONO   ||  0.1  ||  []  ||  Monoterpenes temperature dependency coefficient  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     61 ||  C_BETA_OXYVOC   ||  0.13  ||  []  ||  Other oxygenated BVOC temperature dependency coefficient  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     62 ||  C_BETA_SESQ   ||  0.17  ||  []  ||  Sesquiterpenes temperature dependency coefficient  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
    5463 ||  CC  ||  5.0  ||  [-]   ||  Constant of the Louis scheme   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    5564 ||  CD  ||  5.0  ||  [-]   ||  Constant of the Louis scheme   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     65 ||  Cdrag_foliage  ||  0.2  ||  [-]   ||  Drag coefficient of the foliage  ||    ||  ROUGH_DYN ||  
    5666 ||  CDRAG_FROM_GCM  ||  y  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Keep cdrag coefficient from gcm.  ||  Set to .TRUE. if you want q_cdrag coming from GCM (if q_cdrag on initialization is non zero). Keep cdrag coefficient from gcm for latent and sensible heat fluxes.   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    57  ||  CHECK_CWRR  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Should we check detailed CWRR water balance ?  ||  This parameters allows the user to check the detailed water balance in each time step  of CWRR.   ||  HYDROL_CWRR ||  
     67 ||  CHECK_CWRR2  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Caluculate diagnostics to check CWRR water balance  ||  The verifictaions are done in post-treatement  ||  HYDROL_CWRR2 ||  
     68 ||  CHECK_CWRR  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Check detailed CWRR water balance  ||  This parameters allows the user to check the detailed water balance in each time step  of CWRR and stop execution if not correct   ||  HYDROL_CWRR ||  
    5869 ||  CHECK_WATERBAL  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]    ||  Should we check the global water balance   ||  This parameters allows the user to check the integrated water balance at the end  of each time step   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    5970 ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Activate calculations for BVOC  ||  set to TRUE if biogenic emissions calculation is to be activated  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     
    6576 ||  CLAY_FRACTION  ||  0.2  ||  [-]   ||  Fraction of the clay fraction (0-dim mode)  ||  Determines the fraction of clay in the grid box.  ||  IMPOSE_VEG and IMPOSE_SOIL ||  
    6677 ||  CLAYFRACTION_DEFAULT  ||  0.2   ||  [-]     ||  default fraction of clay  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
     78 ||  C_LDF_ACET   ||  0.2  ||  []  ||  Acetone fraction dependancy to light  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     79 ||  C_LDF_METH   ||  0.8  ||  []  ||  Methanol fraction dependancy to light  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     80 ||  C_LDF_MONO   ||  0.6  ||  []  ||  Monoterpenes fraction dependancy to light  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     81 ||  C_LDF_SESQ   ||  0.5  ||  []  ||  Sesquiterpenes fraction dependancy to light  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
    6782 ||  CM_ZERO_CARBRES  ||  undef, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4,1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4  ||  [g/g/day]   ||  maintenance respiration coefficient at 0 deg C, for carbohydrate reserve, tabulated  ||   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    6883 ||  CM_ZERO_FRUIT  ||  undef, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4,1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4      ||  [g/g/day]   ||  maintenance respiration coefficient at 0 deg C, for fruits, tabulated  ||   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
     
    85100 ||  CONDVEG_SNOWA  ||  1.E+20  ||  [-]  ||  The snow albedo used by SECHIBA  ||  This option allows the user to impose a snow albedo. Default behaviour is to use the model of snow albedo  developed by Chalita (1993).   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    86101 ||  CONDVEG_Z0  ||  0.15  ||  [m]  ||  Surface roughness  ||  Surface rougness to be used on the point if a 0-dim version of SECHIBA is used. Look at the description of the forcing  data for the correct value.   ||  IMPOSE_AZE ||  
     102 ||  Ct  ||  0.01  ||  [-]   ||  Heat transfer coefficient of the leaf  ||    ||  ROUGH_DYN ||  
    87103 ||  CWRR_AKS_A0   ||  0.00012  ||  [1/mm]  ||  fitted value for relation log((a-a0)/(a_ref-a0))   ||   ||  HYDROL_CWRR  ||  
    88104 ||  CWRR_AKS_POWER  ||  0.53  ||  [-]  ||  fitted value for relation log((a-a0)/(a_ref-a0))   ||   ||  HYDROL_CWRR  ||  
     
    101117 ||  DEPTH_TOPTHICK  ||  9.77517107e-04  ||  m  ||  Thickness of upper most Layer   ||  Thickness of top hydrology layer for soil moisture (CWRR).  ||   ||  
    102118 ||  DEW_VEG_POLY_COEFF  ||  0.887773, 0.205673, 0.110112, 0.014843, 0.000824, 0.000017   ||  [-]     ||  coefficients of the polynome of degree 5 for the dew  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     119 ||  D_gm   ||  undef, 437400., 437400., 437400., 437400., 437400., 437400., 437400., 437400., 437400., undef, 437400., undef   ||  [J mol-1]   ||  Energy of deactivation for gm   ||  See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009)   ||  OK_CO2  ||  
    103120 ||  DIA_COEFF  ||  4., 0.5  ||  [-]     ||    ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    104121 ||  DIFFUCO_LEAFCI  ||  233.  ||  [ppm]  ||  Initial leaf CO2 level if not found in restart  ||  The initial value of leaf_ci if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is  started without a restart file.   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     
    109126 ||  DO_PONDS  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Should we include ponds   ||  This parameters allows the user to ask the model to take into account the ponds and return  the water into the soil moisture. If this is  activated, then there is no reinfiltration  computed inside the hydrol module.   ||  HYDROL_CWRR ||  
    110127 ||  DO_PONDS  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Should we include ponds   ||  This parameters allows the user to ask the model to take into account the ponds and return  the water into the soil moisture. It then can go  back to the atmopshere. This tried to simulate  little ponds especially in West Africa.   ||  RIVER_ROUTING ||  
     128 ||  DO_RSOIL  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Should we reduce soil evaporation with a soil resistance  ||  This parameters allows the user to ask the model to calculate a soil resistance to reduce the soil evaporation   ||  HYDROL_CWRR ||  
    111129 ||  DO_SWAMPS  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Should we include swamp parameterization   ||  This parameters allows the user to ask the model to take into account the swamps and return  the water into the bottom of the soil. It then can go  back to the atmopshere. This tried to simulate  internal deltas of rivers.   ||  RIVER_ROUTING ||  
    112130 ||  DOWNREG_CO2  ||  0., 0.38, 0.38, 0.28, 0.28, 0.28, 0.22, 0.22, 0.22, 0.26, 0.26, 0.26, 0.26  ||  [-]  ||  coefficient for CO2 downregulation (unitless)  ||   ||  OK_CO2 ||  
     
    121139 ||  ECUREUIL  ||  undef, .0, 1., .0, .0, 1., .0, 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1.  ||  [-]  ||  fraction of primary leaf and root allocation put into reserve  ||   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    122140 ||  E_gamma_star  ||  undef, 37830.,  37830.,  37830.,  37830.,  37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830.  ||  [J mol-1]  ||  Energy of activation for gamma_star  ||  See Medlyn et al. (2002) from Bernacchi al. (2001)   ||  OK_CO2 ||  
     141 ||  E_gm   ||  undef, 49600., 49600., 49600., 49600., 49600., 49600., 49600., 49600., 49600., undef, 49600., undef   ||  [J mol-1]   ||  Energy of activation for gm   ||  See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009)   ||  OK_CO2  ||  
    123142 ||  E_Jmax  ||  undef, 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 77900., 49884., 77900.   ||  [J mol-1]  ||  Energy of activation for Jmax  ||  See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) for C4 plants and Kattge & Knorr (2007) for C3 plants (table 3)  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
    124143 ||  E_KmC  ||  undef,  79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430.  ||  [J mol-1]  ||  Energy of activation for KmC  ||  See Medlyn et al. (2002)   ||  OK_CO2 ||  
    125144 ||  E_KmO  ||  undef, 36380.,  36380.,  36380.,  36380.,  36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380.  ||  [J mol-1]  ||  Energy of activation for KmO  ||  See Medlyn et al. (2002)   ||  OK_CO2 ||  
    126  ||  EM_FACTOR_ACETAL  ||  0., 0.1, 0.1, 0.3, 0.15, 0.1, 0.3, 0.3, 0.3, 0.1, 0.15, 0.025, 0.025  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  Acetaldehyde emissions factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
    127  ||  EM_FACTOR_ACETIC  ||  0., 0.002, 0.002, 0.006, 0.003, 0.002, 0.006, 0.006, 0.006, 0.002, 0.003, 0.0005, 0.0005  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  Acetic Acid emissions factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
    128  ||  EM_FACTOR_ACETONE  ||  0., 0.29, 0.29, 0.87, 0.43, 0.29, 0.87, 0.87, 0.87, 0.29, 0.43, 0.07, 0.07   ||  [ugC/g/h]       ||  Acetone emissions factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
    129  ||  EM_FACTOR_FORMAL  ||  0., 0.07, 0.07, 0.2, 0.1, 0.07, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.07, 0.1, 0.017, 0.017  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  Formaldehyde emissions factor  ||    ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
    130  ||  EM_FACTOR_FORMIC  ||  0., 0.01, 0.01, 0.03, 0.015, 0.01, 0.03, 0.03, 0.03, 0.01, 0.015, 0.0025, 0.0025   ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  Formic Acid emissions factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
    131  ||  EM_FACTOR_ISOPRENE  ||  0., 24., 24., 8., 16., 45., 8., 8., 8., 16., 24., 5., 5.  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Isoprene emission factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
    132  ||  EM_FACTOR_MBO  ||  0., 0., 0., 20.0, 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0.  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  MBO emissions factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
    133  ||  EM_FACTOR_METHANOL  ||  0., 0.6, 0.6, 1.8, 0.9, 0.6, 1.8, 1.8, 1.8, 0.6, 0.9, 2., 2.  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  Methanol emissions factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
    134  ||  EM_FACTOR_MONOTERPENE  ||  0., 0.8, 0.8, 2.4, 1.2, 0.8, 2.4, 2.4, 2.4, 0.8, 1.2, 0.2, 0.2  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Monoterpene emission factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
     145 ||  EM_FACTOR_3CARENE   ||  0., 0.13, 0.13, 0.42, 0.02, 0.055, 0.42,0.025, 0.125, 0.085, 0.085, 0.065, 0.065  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  3-Carene  emission factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     146 ||  EM_FACTOR_ACETAL  ||  0., 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.25, 0.25, 0.16, 0.16, 0.12, 0.12, 0.035, 0.02  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  Acetaldehyde emissions factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     147 ||  EM_FACTOR_ACETIC  ||  0., 0.025, 0.025,0.025,0.022,0.08,0.025,0.022,0.013,0.012,0.012,0.008,0.008  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  Acetic Acid emissions factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
     148 ||  EM_FACTOR_ACETONE  ||  0., 0.25, 0.25, 0.3, 0.2, 0.33, 0.3, 0.25, 0.25, 0.2, 0.2, 0.08, 0.08  ||  [ugC/g/h]       ||  Acetone emissions factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
     149 ||  EM_FACTOR_APINENE   ||  0., 1.35, 1.35, 0.85, 0.95, 0.75, 0.85, 0.60, 1.98, 0.30, 0.30, 0.09, 0.09  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Alfa pinene  emission factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
     150 ||  EM_FACTOR_BPINENE  ||  0., 0.30, 0.30, 0.35, 0.25, 0.20, 0.35, 0.12, 0.45, 0.16, 0.12, 0.05, 0.05  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Beta pinene  emission factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
     151 ||  EM_FACTOR_CAMPHENE   ||  0., 0.15, 0.15, 0.10, 0.10, 0.01, 0.10, 0.01, 0.07, 0.07, 0.08, 0.01, 0.01  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Camphene  emission factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     152 ||  EM_FACTOR_FORMAL  ||  0., 0.04, 0.04, 0.08, 0.04, 0.04, 0.04, 0.04, 0.04, 0.025, 0.025, 0.013, 0.013  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  Formaldehyde emissions factor  ||    ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
     153 ||  EM_FACTOR_FORMIC  ||  0., 0.015, 0.015, 0.02, 0.02, 0.025, 0.025, 0.015, 0.015,0.010,0.010,0.008,0.008  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  Formic Acid emissions factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     154 ||  EM_FACTOR_ISOPRENE  ||  0., 24., 24., 8., 16., 45., 8., 18., 0.5, 12., 18., 5., 5.  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Isoprene emission factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     155 ||  EM_FACTOR_LIMONENE  ||  0., 0.25, 0.25, 0.20, 0.25, 0.14, 0.20, 0.135, 0.11, 0.19, 0.42, 0.03, 0.03  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Limonene  emission factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     156 ||  EM_FACTOR_MBO  ||  0., 2.e-5, 2.e-5, 1.4, 2.e-5, 2.e-5, 0.14, 2.e-5, 2.e-5, 2.e-5, 2.e-5, 2.e-5, 2.e-5  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  MBO emissions factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
     157 ||  EM_FACTOR_METHANOL  ||  0., 0.8, 0.8, 1.8, 0.9, 1.9, 1.8, 1.8, 1.8, 0.7, 0.9, 2., 2.  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  Methanol emissions factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
     158 ||  EM_FACTOR_MONOTERPENE  ||  0., 2.0, 2.0, 1.8, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, 1.4, 1.8, 0.8, 0.8,  0.22, 0.22  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Monoterpene emission factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
     159 ||  EM_FACTOR_MYRCENE  ||  0., 0.20, 0.20, 0.12, 0.11, 0.065, 0.12, 0.036, 0.075, 0.08,  0.085, 0.015, 0.015  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Myrcene  emission factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
    135160 ||  EM_FACTOR_NO_DRY  ||  0., 8.60, 0.40, 0.22, 0.22, 0.22, 0.22, 0.22, 0.22, 2.65, 2.65, 2.65, 2.65  ||  [ngN/m^2/s]   ||  NOx emissions factor dry soil emissions and exponential dependancy factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
    136161 ||  EM_FACTOR_NO_WET  ||  0., 2.6, 0.06, 0.03, 0.03, 0.03, 0.03, 0.03, 0.03, 0.36, 0.36, 0.36, 0.36  ||  [ngN/m^2/s]  ||  NOx emissions factor wet soil emissions and exponential dependancy factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
    137162 ||  EM_FACTOR_ORVOC  ||  0., 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5  ||  [ugC/g/h]    ||  ORVOC emissions factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC  ||  
     163 ||  EM_FACTOR_OTHERMONOT  ||  0., 0.17, 0.17, 0.11, 0.11, 0.125, 0.11, 0.274, 0.01, 0.15, 0.155, 0.035, 0.035  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Other monoterpenes  emission factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
    138164 ||  EM_FACTOR_OVOC  ||  0., 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5  ||  [ugC/g/h]          ||  OVOC emissions factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     165 ||  EM_FACTOR_SABINENE  ||  0., 0.20, 0.20, 0.12, 0.17, 0.70, 0.12, 0.50, 0.09, 0.085, 0.075, 0.02, 0.02  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Sabinene  emission factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     166 ||  EM_FACTOR_SESQUITERP   ||  0., 0.45, 0.45, 0.13, 0.3, 0.36, 0.15, 0.3, 0.25, 0.6, 0.6, 0.08, 0.08  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  Sesquiterpenes  emission factor   ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
     167 ||  EM_FACTOR_TBOCIMENE  ||  0., 0.25, 0.25, 0.13, 0.09, 0.26, 0.13, 0.20, 0.085, 0.18, 0.18, 0.01, 0.01  ||  [ugC/g/h]   ||  T-beta-ocimene  emission factor  ||   ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC ||  
    139168 ||  ENERBIL_EVAPOT  ||  0.0  ||    ||  Initial Soil Potential Evaporation  ||  The initial value of soil potential evaporation if its value  is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if  the model is started without a restart file.   ||  OK_SECHIBA        ||  
    140169 ||  ENERBIL_TSURF  ||  280.  ||  Kelvin [K]  ||  Initial temperature if not found in restart  ||  The initial value of surface temperature if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is  started without a restart file.   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    141170 ||  EPS_CARBON  ||  0.01  ||  [%]     ||  Allowed error on carbon stock  ||    ||  SPINUP_ANALYTIC ||  
    142171 ||  E_Rd  ||  undef, 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390.  ||  [J mol-1]  ||  Energy of activation for Rd  ||  See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009)  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
     172 ||  E_Sco  ||  undef, -24460., -24460., -24460., -24460., -24460., -24460., -24460., -24460., -24460., -24460., -24460., -24460.  ||  [J mol-1]  ||  Energy of activation for Sco  ||  See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) - Value for C4 plants is not mentioned - We use C3 for all plants  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
    143173 ||  ESTABLISH_SCAL_FACT  ||  5.  ||  [-]   ||    ||    ||  OK_DGVM  ||  
    144174 ||  ESTAB_MAX_GRASS  ||  0.12   ||  [-]    ||  Maximum grass establishment rate  ||    ||  OK_DGVM ||  
     
    148178 ||  EVERYWHERE_INIT  ||  0.05   ||  [-]   ||    ||    ||  OK_DGVM ||  
    149179 ||  EXT_COEFF  ||  .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5  ||  [-]  ||  extinction coefficient of the Monsi&Seaki relationship (1953)  ||   ||  OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE ||  
     180 ||  EXT_COEFF_VEGETFRAC  ||  1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1.  ||  [-]  ||  extinction coefficient used for the calculation of the bare soil fraction   ||   ||  OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE ||  
    150181 ||  FAST_TCST  ||  fast_tcst_cwrr or fast_tcst_chois depending on flag HYDROL_CWRR  ||  [days]  ||  Time constant for the fast reservoir   ||  This parameters allows the user to fix the  time constant (in days) of the fast reservoir  in order to get better river flows for  particular regions.   ||  RIVER_ROUTING  ||  
    151182 ||  F_FRUIT  ||  0.1   ||  [-]      ||  Standard fruit allocation  ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
     
    161192 ||  FORCESOIL_NB_YEAR  ||  1  ||  [years]  ||  Number of years saved for carbon spinup.  ||  Number of years saved for carbon spinup. If internal parameter cumul_Cforcing is TRUE in stomate.f90 Then this parameter is forced to one.   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    162193 ||  FORCESOIL_STEP_PER_YEAR  ||  365  ||  [days, months, year]  ||  Number of time steps per year for carbon spinup.  ||  Number of time steps per year for carbon spinup.  ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    163  ||  FORCING_FILE  ||  forcing_file.nc  ||  [FILE]   ||  Name of file containing the forcing data  ||  This is the name of the file which should be opened for reading the forcing data of the dim0 model.  The format of the file has to be netCDF and COADS  compliant.   ||  [-] ||  
    164194 ||  FPC_CRIT  ||  0.95  ||  [-]    ||  critical fpc, needed for light competition and establishment  ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    165195 ||  fpseudo  ||  undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0.1, undef, 0.1  ||  [-]  ||  Fraction of electrons at PSI that follow pseudocyclic transport   ||  See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) - Values for C3 plants are not used  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
     
    181211 ||  fr_dT  ||  2.0  ||  [K]   ||  Freezing window      ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    182212 ||  FREE_DRAIN_COEF  ||  1.0 1.0 1.0  ||  [-]  ||  Coefficient for free drainage at bottom, dimension nstm  ||  The initial value of free drainage coefficient if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is  started without a restart file.   ||  HYDROL_CWRR        ||  
     213 ||  FROZ_FRAC_CORR   ||  1.  ||  [-]  ||  Coefficient for the frozen fraction correction  ||   ||  HYDROL_CWRR and OK_FREEZE ||  
    183214 ||  g0  ||  undef, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.01875, 0.00625, 0.01875   ||  [mol m−2 s−1 bar−1]  ||  Residual stomatal conductance when irradiance approaches zero   ||  Value from ORCHIDEE - No other reference.  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
    184215 ||  gamma_star25  ||  undef, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75  ||  [ubar]  ||  Ci-based CO2 compensation point in the absence of Rd at 25°C (ubar)  ||  See Medlyn et al. (2002) for C3 plants - For C4 plants, we use the same value (probably uncorrect)  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
     216 ||  GB_REF  ||  1./25.  ||  [s m-1]     ||  Leaf bulk boundary layer resistance  ||    ||  OK_CO2 ||  
    185217 ||  gbs  ||  undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0.003, undef, 0.003  ||  [mol m−2 s−1 bar−1]  ||  Bundle-sheath conductance  ||  See legend of Figure 6 of Yin et al. (2009)  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
    186218 ||  GDD_CRIT_ESTAB  ||  150.   ||  [-]    ||  minimum gdd for establishment of saplings  ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
     
    191223 ||  GDD_THRESHOLD   ||  5.   ||  [days]   ||    ||  GDD : Growing-Degree-Day  ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    192224 ||  GET_SLOPE  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Read slopes from file and do the interpolation  ||  Needed for reading the slopesfile and doing the interpolation. This will be  ||  ||  
     225 ||  gm25   ||  undef, 0.4, 0.4, 0.4, 0.4, 0.4, 0.4, 0.4, 0.4, 0.4, undef, 0.4, undef   ||  [mol m-2 s-1 bar-1]   ||  Mesophyll diffusion conductance at 25°C   ||  See legend of Figure 6 of Yin et al. (2009) and review by Flexas et al. (2008) - gm is not used for C4 plants   ||  OK_CO2  ||  
    193226 ||  GPPFRAC_DORMANCE   ||  0.2   ||  [-]  ||  rapport maximal GPP/GGP_max pour dormance  ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    194227 ||  GREEN_AGE_DEC  ||  0.5   ||  [-]   ||    ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
     
    208241 ||  HYDROL_DSP  ||  999999.  ||  [m]  ||  Initial dry soil above upper reservoir if not found in restart  ||  The initial value of dry soil above upper reservoir if its value  is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if  the model is started without a restart file. The default behaviour  is to compute it from the variables above. Should be OK most of  the time.   ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
    209242 ||  HYDROL_GQSB  ||  0.0  ||  [kg/m^2]  ||  Initial upper soil moisture if not found in restart  ||  The initial value of upper soil moisture if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is  started without a restart file.   ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
    210  ||  HYDROL_HUMCSTE  ||  humcste_cwrr or humcste_mct depending on flag HYDROL_CWRR  ||  [m]  ||  Root profile  ||  See module constantes_mtc for different default values  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     243 ||  HYDROL_HUMCSTE  ||  humcste_ref2m or humcste_ref4m depending on zmaxh  ||  [m]  ||  Root profile  ||  See module constantes_mtc for different default values  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    211244 ||  HYDROL_HUMR  ||  1.0  ||  [-]  ||  Initial soil moisture stress if not found in restart  ||  The initial value of soil moisture stress if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is  started without a restart file.   ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
    212245 ||  HYDROL_MOISTURE_CONTENT  ||  0.3  ||  [m3/m3]  ||  Soil moisture on each soil tile and levels  ||  The initial value of mc if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is  started without a restart file.   ||  HYDROL_CWRR        ||  
     
    276309 ||  MASS_RATIO_HEART_SAP  ||  3.  ||  [-]     ||  mass ratio (heartwood+sapwood)/sapwood  ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    277310 ||  MAXDIA_COEFF  ||  100., 0.01   ||  [-]     ||    ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
     311 ||  MAX_LAKE_RESERVOIR  ||  7000  ||  [kg/m2(routing area)]   ||  Maximum limit of water in lake_reservoir  ||    ||  RIVER_ROUTING ||  
    278312 ||  MAX_LTOLSR  ||  0.5  ||  [-]     ||  extrema of leaf allocation fraction  ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    279313 ||  MAXMASS_SNOW  ||  3000.  ||  [kg/m^2]    ||  The maximum mass of a snow  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA or HYDROL_CWRR ||  
     
    302336 ||  NCD_MAX_YEAR  ||  3.   ||  [days]  ||    ||  NCD : Number of Chilling Days  ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    303337 ||  NEW_TURNOVER_TIME_REF  ||  20.   ||  [days]    ||    ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
     338 ||  N_FERTIL_FILE  ||  orchidee_fertilizer_1995.nc  ||  -  ||  File name  ||  ...  ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC and NOx_FERTILIZERS_USE ||  
     339 ||  N_FERTIL_FILE  ||  orchidee_fertilizer_1995.nc  ||  -   ||  File name  ||    ||  CHEMISTRY_BVOC and NOx_FERTILIZERS_USE ||  
    304340 ||  NGD_CRIT  ||  undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0., undef, undef, undef, undef, undef  ||  [days]  ||  critical ngd, tabulated. Threshold -5 degrees  ||  NGD : Number of Growing Days.  ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    305341 ||  NIR_DRY  ||  0.48, 0.44, 0.40, 0.36, 0.32, 0.28, 0.24, 0.20, 0.55  ||  [-]     ||  The correspondance table for the soil color numbers and their albedo   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
     
    346382 ||  POND_CRI  ||  2000.  ||  [mm]   ||  Potential height for which all the basin is a pond  ||    ||  DO_FLOODPLAINS or DO_PONDS ||  
    347383 ||  POROS  ||  0.41  ||  [-]   ||  Soil porosity   ||  From USDA classification, mean value  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     384 ||  Prandtl  ||  0.71  ||  [-]   ||  Prandtl number used in the calculation of Ct*  ||    ||  ROUGH_DYN ||  
    348385 ||  PRECIP_CRIT   ||  100.  ||  [mm/year]    ||  minimum precip  ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    349386 ||  PREF_SOIL_VEG  ||  1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3  ||  [-]          ||  The soil tile number for each vegetation  ||  Gives the number of the soil tile on which we will put each vegetation. This allows to divide the hydrological column   ||  OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE ||  
     
    352389 ||  R0   ||  undef, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30  ||  [-]      ||  Standard root allocation   ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    353390 ||  RATIO_GEOM_BELOW  ||  2  ||  -  ||  Ratio of the geometrical series defining the thickness below DEPTH_GEOM  ||  Ratio of the geometrical series defining the thickness below DEPTH_GEOM.  ||   ||  
     391 ||  RATIO_Z0M_Z0H  ||  1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0   ||  [-]  ||  Ratio between z0m and z0h  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    354392 ||  RAYT_CSTE  ||  125  ||  [W.m^{-2}]   ||  Constant in the computation of surface resistance    ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    355  ||  READ_PERMAFROST_MAP  ||  FALSE  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Read information about ice content, overburden and permafrost type from IPA map  ||    ||   ||  
    356  ||  READ_REFTEMP  ||  False  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Initialize soil temperature using climatological temperature  ||    ||   ||  
     393 ||  READ_REFTEMP  ||  True/False depening on OK_FREEZE  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Initialize soil temperature using climatological temperature  ||    ||   ||  
    357394 ||  REF_GREFF  ||  0.035  ||  [1/year]    ||  Asymptotic maximum mortality rate  ||  Set asymptotic maximum mortality rate from Sitch 2003 (they use 0.01) (year^{-1})   ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    358395 ||  REFINEBOTTOM  ||  .FALSE.  ||  -  ||  Depth at which the hydrology layers will be refined towards the bottom.  ||  Depth at which the hydrology layers will be refined towards the bottom.  ||   ||  
    359  ||  REFTEMP_FILE  ||  NONE  ||  [FILE]  ||  Name of file from which the reference temperature can be read  ||  Specify filename if the initial reference temperature should be  read from file. Otherwise, the reference temperature is calculated.   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    360396 ||  REINF_SLOPE  ||  0.1  ||  [-]  ||  Slope coef for reinfiltration   ||  Determines the reinfiltration ratio in the grid box due to flat areas  ||  IMPOSE_VEG ||  
    361397 ||  RENORM_LAI  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  flag to force LAI renormelization  ||  If true, the laimap will be renormalize between llaimin and llaimax parameters.  ||  LAI_MAP ||  
     
    368404 ||  RIVER_DESC  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Writes out a description of the rivers  ||  This flag allows to write out a file containing the list of  rivers which are beeing simulated. It provides location of outflow  drainage area, name and ID.   ||  RIVER_ROUTING ||  
    369405 ||  RIVER_ROUTING  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Decides if we route the water or not  ||  This flag allows the user to decide if the runoff and drainage should be routed to the ocean  and to downstream grid boxes.   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     406 ||  ROUGH_DYN  ||  y  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Account for a dynamic roughness height  ||  If this flag is set to true (y) then the roughness height is computed dynamically, varying with LAI   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    370407 ||  ROUGHHEIGHT  ||  0.0  ||  [m]   ||  Height to be added to the height of the first level  ||  ORCHIDEE assumes that the atmospheric level height is counted from the zero wind level. Thus to take into account the roughness  of tall vegetation we need to correct this by a certain fraction  of the vegetation height. This is called the roughness height in  ORCHIDEE talk.   ||  IMPOSE_AZE ||  
    371408 ||  ROUTING_FILE  ||  routing.nc  ||  [FILE]  ||  Name of file which contains the routing information  ||  The file provided here should alow the routing module to read the high resolution grid of basins and the flow direction  from one mesh to the other.   ||  RIVER_ROUTING ||  
     
    374411 ||  RVEG_PFT  ||  1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1.  ||  [-]  ||  Artificial parameter to increase or decrease canopy resistance.  ||  This parameter is set by PFT.  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    375412 ||  S0   ||  undef, .25, .25, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30  ||  [-]      ||  Standard sapwood allocation   ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
     413 ||  Sco25  ||  undef, 2800., 2800., 2800., 2800., 2800., 2800., 2800., 2800., 2800., 2590., 2800., 2590.  ||  [bar bar-1]  ||  Relative CO2 /O2 specificity factor for Rubisco at 25°C  ||  See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009)  ||  OK_CO2 ||  
    376414 ||  SECHIBA_FRAC_NOBIO  ||  0.0  ||  [-]  ||  Fraction of other surface types within the mesh (0-dim mode)  ||  The fraction of ice, lakes, etc. is read from the restart file. If it is not found there we will use the values provided here.  For the moment, there is only ice.   ||  IMPOSE_VEG ||  
    377415 ||  SECHIBA_HISTFILE2  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Flag to switch on histfile 2 for SECHIBA (hi-frequency ?)  ||  This Flag switch on the second SECHIBA writing for hi (or low)  frequency writing. This second output is optional and not written  by default.   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     
    392430 ||  SENESCENCE_TEMP_C  ||  undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 12., undef, 7., 2., -1.375, 5., 5., 10.  ||  [-]  ||  critical temperature for senescence (C), constant c of aT^2+bT+c, tabulated  ||   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    393431 ||  SENESCENCE_TYPE  ||  none, none, dry, none, none, cold, none, cold, cold, mixed, mixed, mixed, mixed   ||  [-]  ||  type of senescence, tabulated  ||   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
     432 ||  S_gm   ||  undef, 1400., 1400., 1400., 1400., 1400., 1400., 1400., 1400., 1400., undef, 1400., undef   ||  [J K-1 mol-1]   ||  Entropy term for gm   ||  See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009)   ||  OK_CO2  ||  
    394433 ||  SLA  ||  1.5E-2, 1.53E-2, 2.6E-2, 9.26E-3, 2E-2, 2.6E-2, 9.26E-3, 2.6E-2, 1.9E-2, 2.6E-2, 2.6E-2, 2.6E-2, 2.6E-2  ||  [m^2/gC]  ||  specif leaf area   ||   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    395434 ||  SLOPE_NOREINF  ||  0.5  ||  [-]  ||  See slope_noreinf above  ||  The slope above which there is no reinfiltration  ||   ||  
     
    397436 ||  SLOWPROC_HEIGHT  ||  0., 30., 30., 20., 20., 20., 15., 15., 15., .5, .6, 1., 1.  ||  [m]   ||  prescribed height of vegetation   ||   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    398437 ||  SLOW_TCST  ||  n  ||  [days]  ||  Time constant for the slow reservoir   ||  This parameters allows the user to fix the  time constant (in days) of the slow reservoir  in order to get better river flows for  particular regions.   ||  RIVER_ROUTING  ||  
    399  ||  SNOWA_AGED  ||  0.35, 0., 0., 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.18, 0.18, 0.18, 0.18  ||  [-]  ||  Minimum snow albedo value for each vegetation type after aging (dirty old snow)  ||  Values are from the Thesis of S. Chalita (1992)  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    400  ||  SNOWA_DEC  ||  0.45, 0.,  0., 0.06, 0.06, 0.11, 0.06, 0.11, 0.11, 0.52,0.52, 0.52, 0.52  ||  [-]  ||  Decay rate of snow albedo value for each vegetation type as it will be used in condveg_snow  ||  Values are from the Thesis of S. Chalita (1992)  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     438 ||  SNOWA_AGED_NIR  ||  0.35, 0., 0., 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.18, 0.18, 0.18, 0.18  ||  [-]  ||  Minimum snow albedo value for each vegetation type after aging (dirty old snow), near infrared albedo  ||  Values are from the Thesis of S. Chalita (1992)  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     439 ||  SNOWA_AGED_VIS  ||  0.5, 0., 0., 0.15, 0.14, 0.14, 0.15, 0.14, 0.22, 0.35, 0.35, 0.35, 0.35  ||  [-]  ||  Minimum snow albedo value for each vegetation type after aging (dirty old snow), visible albedo  ||  Values are from the Thesis of S. Chalita (1992), optimized on 04/07/2016  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     440 ||  SNOWA_DEC_NIR  ||  0.45, 0.,  0., 0.06, 0.06, 0.11, 0.06, 0.11, 0.11, 0.52 ,0.52, 0.52, 0.52  ||  [-]  ||  Decay rate of snow albedo value for each vegetation type as it will be used in condveg_snow, near infrared albedo  ||  Values are from the Thesis of S. Chalita (1992)  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     441 ||  SNOWA_DEC_VIS  ||  0.45, 0., 0., 0.1, 0.06, 0.11, 0.10, 0.11, 0.18, 0.60, 0.60, 0.60, 0.60  ||  [-]  ||  Decay rate of snow albedo value for each vegetation type as it will be used in condveg_snow, visible albedo  ||  Values are from the Thesis of S. Chalita (1992), optimized on 04/07/2016  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    401442 ||  SNOWCRI  ||  1.5  ||  [kg/m^2]    ||  Sets the amount above which only sublimation occures   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA or HYDROL_CWRR ||  
    402443 ||  SNOWCRI_ALB  ||  10.   ||  [cm]    ||  Critical value for computation of snow albedo  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    403444 ||  SNOW_DENSITY  ||  330.0  ||  [-]   ||  Snow density for the soil thermodynamics   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
    404445 ||  SNOW_HEAT_COND  ||  0.3  ||  [W.m^{-2}.K^{-1}]  ||  Thermal Conductivity of snow  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA   ||  
    405  ||  SNOW_TRANS  ||  0.3  ||  [m]     ||  Transformation time constant for snow  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     446 ||  SNOW_TRANS  ||  0.2  ||  [m]     ||  Transformation time constant for snow  ||  optimized on 04/07/2016  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    406447 ||  SOILALB_FILE  ||  soils_param.nc  ||  [FILE]  ||  Name of file from which the bare soil albedo  ||  The name of the file to be opened to read the soil types from  which we derive then the bare soil albedos. This file is 1x1  deg and based on the soil colors defined by Wilson and Henderson-Seller.   ||  NOT(IMPOSE_AZE) ||  
    407448 ||  SOILCLASS_FILE  ||  soils_param.nc  ||  [FILE]  ||  Name of file from which soil types are read  ||  The name of the file to be opened to read the soil types.  The data from this file is then interpolated to the grid of  of the model. The aim is to get fractions for sand loam and  clay in each grid box. This information is used for soil hydrology  and respiration.   ||  NOT(IMPOSE_VEG) ||  
    408449 ||  SOIL_FRACTIONS  ||  undef_sechiba  ||  [-]  ||  Fraction of the 3 soil types (0-dim mode)  ||  Determines the fraction for the 3 soil types in the mesh in the following order : sand loam and clay.   ||  IMPOSE_VEG and IMPOSE_SOILT ||  
    409450 ||  SOIL_Q10  ||  0.69 (  ||  [-]  ||    ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
     451 ||  SOIL_REFTEMP_FILE  ||  reftemp.nc  ||  [FILE]  ||  File with climatological soil temperature  ||    ||  READ_REFTEMP ||  
    410452 ||  SOILTYPE_CLASSIF  ||  zobler  ||  [-]  ||  Type of classification used for the map of soil types   ||  The classification used in the file that we use here  There are three classification supported:  Zobler (7 converted to 3) and USDA (12)   ||  !IMPOSE_VEG ||  
    411453 ||  SPINUP_ANALYTIC  ||  n  ||  BOOLEAN      ||  Activation of the analytic resolution of the spinup.  ||  Activate this option if you want to solve the spinup by the Gauss-Jordan method.  ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
     
    419461 ||  STOMATE_IPCC_HIST_DT  ||  0.  ||  [days]  ||  STOMATE IPCC history time step  ||  Time step of the STOMATE IPCC history file  ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    420462 ||  STOMATE_IPCC_OUTPUT_FILE  ||  stomate_ipcc_history.nc  ||  [FILE]  ||  Name of file in which STOMATE's output is going to be written  ||  This file is going to be created by the model and will contain the output from the model.  This file is a truly COADS compliant netCDF file.  It will be generated by the hist software from  the IOIPSL package.   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    421  ||  STOMATE_OK_CO2  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Activate CO2?  ||  set to TRUE if photosynthesis is to be activated  ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
     463 ||  STOMATE_OK_CO2  ||  y if OK_STOMATE else n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Activate CO2?  ||  set to TRUE if photosynthesis is to be activated  ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
    422464 ||  STOMATE_OK_DGVM  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Activate DGVM?  ||  set to TRUE if DGVM is to be activated  ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    423  ||  STOMATE_OK_STOMATE  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Activate STOMATE?  ||  set to TRUE if STOMATE is to be activated  ||  OK_SECHIBA and OK_CO2 ||  
     465 ||  STOMATE_OK_STOMATE  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Activate STOMATE?  ||  set to TRUE if STOMATE is to be activated  ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    424466 ||  STOMATE_OUTPUT_FILE  ||  stomate_history.nc  ||  [FILE]  ||  Name of file in which STOMATE's output is going to be written  ||  This file is going to be created by the model and will contain the output from the model.  This file is a truly COADS compliant netCDF file.  It will be generated by the hist software from  the IOIPSL package.   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    425467 ||  STOMATE_RESTART_FILEIN  ||  NONE  ||  [FILE]  ||  Name of restart to READ for initial conditions of STOMATE  ||  This is the name of the file which will be opened to extract the initial values of all prognostic  values of STOMATE.   ||  STOMATE_OK_STOMATE ||  
    426468 ||  STOMATE_RESTART_FILEOUT  ||  stomate_rest_out.nc  ||  [FILE]  ||  Name of restart files to be created by STOMATE  ||  This is the name of the file which will be opened to write the final values of all prognostic values  of STOMATE.   ||  STOMATE_OK_STOMATE ||  
    427469 ||  STREAM_TCST  ||  stream_tcst_cwrr or stream_tcst_chois depending on flag HYDROL_CWRR  ||  [days]  ||  Time constant for the stream reservoir   ||  This parameters allows the user to fix the  time constant (in days) of the stream reservoir  in order to get better river flows for  particular regions.   ||  RIVER_ROUTING ||  
     470 ||  STRESS_GM  ||  0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0.  ||  [-]  ||  Stress on gm  ||   ||  OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE ||  
     471 ||  STRESS_GS  ||  0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0.  ||  [-]  ||  Stress on gs  ||   ||  OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE ||  
     472 ||  STRESS_VCMAX  ||  1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1.  ||  [-]  ||  Stress on vcmax  ||   ||  OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE ||  
    428473 ||  SWAMP_CST  ||  0.2  ||  [-]  ||  Fraction of the river that flows back to swamps   ||  This parameters allows the user to fix the  fraction of the river transport  that flows to swamps   ||  RIVER_ROUTING ||  
    429474 ||  T_ALWAYS_ADD  ||  10.  ||  [C]      ||  monthly temp. above which temp. tendency doesn't matter   ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
     
    446491 ||  TAX_MAX  ||  0.8  ||  [-]     ||  maximum fraction of allocatable biomass used for maintenance respiration  ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    447492 ||  TCM_CRIT  ||  undef, undef, undef, 5.0, 15.5, 15.5, -8.0, -8.0, -8.0, undef, undef, undef, undef  ||  [C]  ||  critical tcm, tabulated   ||   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
    448  ||  TCST_SNOWA  ||  5.0   ||  [days]  ||  Time constant of the albedo decay of snow  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
     493 ||  TCST_SNOWA  ||  10.0   ||  [days]  ||  Time constant of the albedo decay of snow  ||  optimized on 04/07/2016  ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
    449494 ||  THERMOSOIL_NBLEV  ||  Number of soil level  ||  m  ||  Number of soil level  ||  Maximum depth of soil for soil moisture  ||  HDYROL_CWRR ||  
    450  ||  THERMOSOIL_TPRO  ||  280.  ||  Kelvin [K]  ||  Initial soil temperature profile if not found in restart  ||  The initial value of the temperature profile in the soil if  its value is not found in the restart file. This should only  be used if the model is started without a restart file. Here  we only require one value as we will assume a constant  throughout the column.   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     495 ||  THERMOSOIL_TPRO  ||  280.  ||  Kelvin [K]  ||  Initial soil temperature profile if not found in restart  ||  The initial value of the temperature profile in the soil if  its value is not found in the restart file. Here  we only require one value as we will assume a constant  throughout the column.   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    451496 ||  theta  ||  undef, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7  ||  [−]  ||  Convexity factor for response of J to irradiance  ||  See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009)     ||  OK_CO2 ||  
    452497 ||  TLONG_REF_MAX  ||  303.1  ||  [K]    ||  maximum reference long term temperature   ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
     
    483528 ||  WMAX_VEG  ||  150., 150., 150., 150., 150., 150., 150.,150., 150., 150., 150., 150., 150.  ||  [kg/m^3]  ||  Maximum field capacity for each of the vegetations (Temporary): max quantity of water  ||   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    484529 ||  WRITE_STEP2  ||  1800.0  ||  [seconds]  ||  Frequency in seconds at which to WRITE output  ||  This variables gives the frequency the output 2 of the model should be written into the netCDF file.  It does not affect the frequency at which the  operations such as averaging are done.  That is IF the coding of the calls to histdef  are correct !   ||  SECHIBA_HISTFILE2 ||  
    485  ||  WRITE_STEP  ||  one_day  ||  [seconds]  ||  Frequency in seconds at which to WRITE output  ||  This variables gives the frequency the output of the model should be written into the netCDF file.  It does not affect the frequency at which the  operations such as averaging are done.  That is IF the coding of the calls to histdef  are correct !   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     530 ||  WRITE_STEP  ||  one_day  ||  [seconds]  ||  Frequency in seconds for sechiba_history.nc file with IOIPSL  ||  This variables gives the frequency in the output file sechiba_history.nc if using IOIPSL.  This variable is not read if XIOS is activated.   ||  OK_SECHIBA, NOT XIOS_ORCHIDEE_OK ||  
    486531 ||  xansmax   ||  0.85  ||  [-]   ||  maximum snow albedo  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    487532 ||  xansmin   ||  0.50  ||  [-]   ||  minimum snow albedo  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    488533 ||  xans_t   ||  0.24  ||  [S-1]   ||  albedo decay rate for the wet snow   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    489534 ||  xans_todry   ||  0.008  ||  [S-1]   ||  albedo decay rate for the dry snow   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    490  ||  XIOS_ORCHIDEE_OK  ||  n  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Use XIOS for writing diagnostics file  ||  Compiling and linking with XIOS library is necessary.   ||   ||  
     535 ||  XIOS_ORCHIDEE_OK  ||  y   ||  [FLAG]  ||  Use XIOS for writing diagnostics file  ||  Compiling and linking with XIOS library is necessary.   ||   ||  
    491536 ||  xrhosmax   ||  750  ||  [-]   ||  maximum snow density   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    492537 ||  xsnowrhohold   ||  200.0  ||  [kg/m3]   ||  snow density   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     
    494539 ||  xwsnowholdmax2  ||  0.10  ||  [-]   ||  snow holding capacity 2  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    495540 ||  Z0_BARE  ||  0.01   ||  [m]     ||  bare soil roughness length  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
    496  ||  Z0CDRAG_AVE  ||  y  ||  [FLAG]  ||  Average method for z0  ||  If this flag is set to true (y) then the neutral Cdrag is averaged instead of the log(z0). This should be  the prefered option. We still wish to keep the other  option so we can come back if needed. If this is   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    497541 ||  Z0_ICE  ||  0.001  ||  [m]     ||  ice roughness length  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA  ||  
    498  ||  Z0_OVER_HEIGHT  ||  1/16.  ||  [-]     ||  to get z0 from height   ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     542 ||  Z0_OVER_HEIGHT  ||  0., 0.0625, 0.0625, 0.0625, 0.0625, 0.0625, 0.0625, 0.0625, 0.0625, 0.0625, 0.0625, 0.0625, 0.0625  ||  [-]   ||  factor to calculate roughness height from height of canopy   ||   ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    499543 ||  Z_DECOMP  ||  0.2  ||  [m]     ||  scaling depth for soil activity  ||    ||  OK_STOMATE  ||  
    500544 ||  Z_NITROGEN  ||  0.2   ||  [m]    ||  scaling depth for nitrogen limitation   ||   ||  OK_STOMATE ||  
     
    511555 ||  ZSNOWTHRMCOND_BVAP  ||  -2.5425  ||  [W/m]   ||  Thermal conductivity Coef 2 water vapor  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
    512556 ||  ZSNOWTHRMCOND_CVAP  ||  -289.99  ||  [K]   ||  Thermal conductivity Coef 3 water vapor  ||    ||  OK_SECHIBA ||  
     557 ||  ZWT_FORCE  ||  undef undef undef  ||  [m]  ||  Prescribed water depth, dimension nstm  ||  The initial value of zwt_force if its value is not found in the restart file. undef corresponds to a case whith no forced WT.  This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file.   ||  HYDROL_CWRR        ||  
    513558 
    514559Following parameters are only available in offline use of ORCHIDEE: