wiki:Documentation/OrchideeParameters

Version 24 (modified by jgipsl, 5 years ago) (diff)

Update for trunk rev 3025

ORCHIDEE Parameters

Almost 400 parameters can be set in the parameter file run.def to configure ORCHIDEE. This parameter list is created automatically by scanning all comments on lines beginning with !Config preceding call getin in ORCHIDEE source code. These comments must be on a very strict syntax. Note that the default values listed below can wrong if the comment in the code is wrong. If errors are found in this list, the correction should be done in ORCHIDEE source code. The script to create this list can be found on svn: https://forge.ipsl.jussieu.fr/orchidee/browser/trunk/TOOLS/TOOLS_PARAMETERS

Here is given the list of all the parameters of the trunk rev 3025 are their description and default values :

Config Key Config Def Config Units Config Desc Config Help Config If
a1 undef, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85, 0.85 [-] Empirical factor involved in the calculation of fvpd See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) OK_CO2
ACTIVE_TO_PASS_CLAY_FRAC 0.68 [-] OK_STOMATE
AGRICULTURE y [FLAG] agriculture allowed? With this variable, you can determine whether agriculture is allowed OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE
ALB_BARE_MODEL n [FLAG] Switch bare soil albedo dependent (if TRUE) on soil wetness If TRUE, the model for bare soil albedo is the old formulation. Then it depend on the soil dry or wetness. If FALSE, it is the new computation that is taken, it is the mean of soil albedo. OK_SECHIBA
ALB_DEADLEAF 0.12, 0.35 [-] albedo of dead leaves, VIS+NIR OK_SECHIBA
ALB_ICE 0.60, 0.20 [-] albedo of ice, VIS+NIR OK_SECHIBA
ALB_LEAF_NIR .00, .20, .22, .22, .22,.22, .22, .22, .22, .30, .30, .30, .30 [-] leaf albedo of vegetation type, near infrared albedo OK_SECHIBA
ALB_LEAF_VIS .00, .04, .06, .06, .06,.06, .06, .06, .06, .10, .10, .10, .10 [-] leaf albedo of vegetation type, visible albedo OK_SECHIBA
ALBSOIL_NIR 0.36, 0.34, 0.34, 0.33, 0.30, 0.25, 0.20, 0.15, 0.45 [-] OK_SECHIBA
ALBSOIL_VIS 0.18, 0.16, 0.16, 0.15, 0.12, 0.105, 0.09, 0.075, 0.25 [-] OK_SECHIBA
ALLOC_MAX undef, 0.8, 0.8, 0.8, 0.8, 0.8, 0.8, 0.8, 0.8, undef, undef, undef, undef [-] maximum allocation above/below OK_STOMATE
ALLOC_MIN undef, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, undef, undef, undef, undef [-] minimum allocation above/below OK_STOMATE
ALLOC_SAP_ABOVE_GRASS 1.0 [-] fraction of sapwood allocation above ground OK_STOMATE
ALLOW_WEATHERGEN n [FLAG] Allow weather generator to create data This flag allows the forcing-reader to generate synthetic data if the data in the file is too sparse and the temporal resolution would not be enough to run the model.
ALMA_OUTPUT n [FLAG] Should the output follow the ALMA convention If this logical flag is set to true the model will output all its data according to the ALMA convention. It is the recommended way to write data out of ORCHIDEE. OK_SECHIBA
ALPHA_GRASS 0.5 [-] sapling characteristics : alpha's OK_STOMATE
alpha_LL undef, 0.372, 0.372, 0.372, 0.372, 0.372, 0.372, 0.372, 0.372, 0.372, 0.372, 0.372, 0.372 [mol e− (mol photon)−1] Conversion efficiency of absorbed light into J at strictly limiting light See comment from Yin et al. (2009) after eq. 4 OK_CO2
ALPHA_TREE 1. [-] sapling characteristics : alpha's OK_STOMATE
alpha undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0.1, undef, 0.1 [-] Fraction of PSII activity in the bundle sheath See legend of Figure 6 of Yin et al. (2009) OK_CO2
ALWAYS_INIT n [-] take carbon from atmosphere if carbohydrate reserve too small? OK_STOMATE
ANNUAL_INCREASE y [FLAG] for diagnosis of fpc increase, compare today's fpc to last year's maximum (T) or to fpc of last time step (F)? OK_DGVM
ARJV undef, 2.59, 2.59, 2.59, 2.59, 2.59, 2.59, 2.59, 2.59, 2.59, 1.715, 2.59, 1.715 [mu mol e- (mu mol CO2)-1] a coefficient of the linear regression (a+bT) defining the Jmax25/Vcmax25 ratio See Table 3 of Kattge & Knorr (2007) - For C4 plants, we assume that there is no acclimation and that for a temperature of 25°C, aSV is the same for both C4 and C3 plants (no strong jusitification - need further parametrization) OK_STOMATE
aSJ undef, 659.70, 659.70, 659.70, 659.70, 659.70, 659.70, 659.70, 659.70, 659.70, 630., 659.70, 630. [J K-1 mol-1] a coefficient of the linear regression (a+bT) defining the Entropy term for Jmax See Table 3 of Kattge & Knorr (2007) - and Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) for C4 plants OK_CO2
aSV undef, 668.39, 668.39, 668.39, 668.39, 668.39, 668.39, 668.39, 668.39, 668.39, 641.64, 668.39, 641.64 [J K-1 mol-1] a coefficient of the linear regression (a+bT) defining the Entropy term for Vcmax See Table 3 of Kattge & Knorr (2007) - For C4 plants, we assume that there is no acclimation and that at for a temperature of 25°C, aSV is the same for both C4 and C3 plants (no strong jusitification - need further parametrization) OK_CO2
ATM_CO2 350. [ppm] Value for atm CO2 Value to prescribe the atm CO2. For pre-industrial simulations, the value is 286.2 . 348. for 1990 year. FORCE_CO2_VEG (only in coupled mode)
AVAILABILITY_FACT undef, 0.14, 0.14, 0.10, 0.10, 0.10, 0.05, 0.05, 0.05, undef, undef, undef, undef [-] Calculate dynamic mortality in lpj_gap, pft dependent parameter OK_STOMATE
b1 undef, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.20, 0.14, 0.20 [-] Empirical factor involved in the calculation of fvpd See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) OK_CO2
BCFRAC_COEFF 0.3, 1.3, 88.2 [-] OK_STOMATE
BEDROCK_FLAG 0 [FLAG] Flag to consider bedrock at deeper layers. 0, no, 1, yes.
BM_SAPL_CARBRES 5. [-] OK_STOMATE
BM_SAPL_HEARTABOVE 2. [-] OK_STOMATE
BM_SAPL_HEARTBELOW 2. [-] OK_STOMATE
BM_SAPL_LEAF 4., 4., 0.8, 5. [-] OK_STOMATE
BM_SAPL_RESCALE 40. [-] OK_STOMATE
BM_SAPL_SAPABOVE 0.5 [-] OK_STOMATE
BRJV undef, -0.035, -0.035, -0.035, -0.035, -0.035, -0.035, -0.035, -0.035, -0.035, 0., -0.035, 0. [(mu mol e- (mu mol CO2)-1) (°C)-1] b coefficient of the linear regression (a+bT) defining the Jmax25/Vcmax25 ratio See Table 3 of Kattge & Knorr (2007) - We assume No acclimation term for C4 plants OK_STOMATE
bSJ undef, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, -0.75, 0., -0.75, 0. [J K-1 mol-1 °C-1] b coefficient of the linear regression (a+bT) defining the Entropy term for Jmax See Table 3 of Kattge & Knorr (2007) - For C4 plants, we assume that there is no acclimation OK_CO2
bSV undef, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, -1.07, 0., -1.07, 0. [J K-1 mol-1 °C-1] b coefficient of the linear regression (a+bT) defining the Entropy term for Vcmax See Table 3 of Kattge & Knorr (2007) - For C4 plants, we assume that there is no acclimation OK_CO2
CANOPY_EXTINCTION n [FLAG] Use canopy radiative transfer model? set to TRUE if canopy radiative transfer model is used for biogenic emissions CHEMISTRY_BVOC
CANOPY_MULTILAYER n [FLAG] Use canopy radiative transfer model with multi-layers set to TRUE if canopy radiative transfer model is with multiple layers CANOPY_EXTINCTION
CARBON_TAU_IACTIVE 0.149 [days] residence times in carbon pools OK_STOMATE
CARBON_TAU_IPASSIVE 241. [days] residence times in carbon pools residence time in the passive pool OK_STOMATE
CARBON_TAU_ISLOW 5.48 [days] residence times in carbon pools OK_STOMATE
CB 5.0 [-] Constant of the Louis scheme OK_SECHIBA
CC 5.0 [-] Constant of the Louis scheme OK_SECHIBA
CD 5.0 [-] Constant of the Louis scheme OK_SECHIBA
CDRAG_FROM_GCM y [FLAG] Keep cdrag coefficient from gcm. Set to .TRUE. if you want q_cdrag coming from GCM (if q_cdrag on initialization is non zero). Keep cdrag coefficient from gcm for latent and sensible heat fluxes. OK_SECHIBA
CHECK_CWRR n [FLAG] Should we check detailed CWRR water balance ? This parameters allows the user to check the detailed water balance in each time step of CWRR. HYDROL_CWRR
CHECK_WATERBAL n [FLAG] Should we check the global water balance This parameters allows the user to check the integrated water balance at the end of each time step OK_SECHIBA
CHEMISTRY_BVOC n [FLAG] Activate calculations for BVOC set to TRUE if biogenic emissions calculation is to be activated OK_SECHIBA
CHEMISTRY_LEAFAGE n [FLAG] Activate LEAFAGE? set to TRUE if biogenic emissions calculation takes leaf age into account CHEMISTRY_BVOC
CHOISNEL_DIFF_EXP 1.5 [-] The exponential in the diffusion law OK_SECHIBA and .NOT.(HYDROL_CWRR)
CHOISNEL_DIFF_MAX 0.1 [kg/m2/dt] Diffusion constant for the fast regime OK_SECHIBA and .NOT.(HYDROL_CWRR)
CHOISNEL_DIFF_MIN 0.001 [kg/m2/dt] Diffusion constant for the slow regime OK_SECHIBA and .NOT.(HYDROL_CWRR)
CHOISNEL_RSOL_CSTE 33.E3 [s/m2] Constant in the computation of resistance for bare soil evaporation OK_SECHIBA and .NOT.(HYDROL_CWRR)
CLAY_FRACTION 0.2 [-] Fraction of the clay fraction (0-dim mode) Determines the fraction of clay in the grid box. IMPOSE_VEG and IMPOSE_SOIL
CLAYFRACTION_DEFAULT 0.2 [-] default fraction of clay OK_SECHIBA
CM_ZERO_CARBRES undef, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4,1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4 [g/g/day] maintenance respiration coefficient at 0 deg C, for carbohydrate reserve, tabulated OK_STOMATE
CM_ZERO_FRUIT undef, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4,1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4 [g/g/day] maintenance respiration coefficient at 0 deg C, for fruits, tabulated OK_STOMATE
CM_ZERO_HEARTABOVE undef, 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0. [g/g/day] maintenance respiration coefficient at 0 deg C, for heartwood above, tabulated OK_STOMATE
CM_ZERO_HEARTBELOW undef, 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0. [g/g/day] maintenance respiration coefficient at 0 deg C,for heartwood below, tabulated OK_STOMATE
CM_ZERO_LEAF undef, 2.35E-3, 2.62E-3, 1.01E-3, 2.35E-3, 2.62E-3, 1.01E-3,2.62E-3, 2.05E-3, 2.62E-3, 2.62E-3, 2.62E-3, 2.62E-3 [g/g/day] maintenance respiration coefficient at 0 deg C, for leaves, tabulated OK_STOMATE
CM_ZERO_ROOT undef,1.67E-3, 1.67E-3, 1.67E-3, 1.67E-3, 1.67E-3, 1.67E-3,1.67E-3, 1.67E-3, 1.67E-3, 1.67E-3, 1.67E-3, 1.67E-3 [g/g/day] maintenance respiration coefficient at 0 deg C, for roots, tabulated OK_STOMATE
CM_ZERO_SAPABOVE undef, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4 [g/g/day] maintenance respiration coefficient at 0 deg C,for sapwood above, tabulated OK_STOMATE
CM_ZERO_SAPBELOW undef, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4, 1.19E-4 [g/g/day] maintenance respiration coefficient at 0 deg C, for sapwood below, tabulated OK_STOMATE
CN 40., 40., 40., 40., 40., 40., 40., 40. [-] C/N ratio OK_STOMATE
CN_SAPL_INIT 0.5 [-] OK_STOMATE
CO2FRAC 0.95, 0.95, 0., 0.3, 0., 0., 0.95, 0.95 [-] What fraction of a burned plant compartment goes into the atmosphere OK_STOMATE
COEFF_LCCHANGE_100 undef, 0., 0., 0.104, 0.104, 0.104, 0.104, 0.104, 0.104, 0.104, 0., 0.104, 0. [-] Coeff of biomass export for the century OK_STOMATE
COEFF_LCCHANGE_10 undef, 0.103, 0.103, 0.299, 0.299, 0.299, 0.299, 0.299, 0.299, 0.299, 0.403, 0.299, 0.403 [-] Coeff of biomass export for the decade OK_STOMATE
COEFF_LCCHANGE_1 undef, 0.897, 0.897, 0.597, 0.597, 0.597, 0.597, 0.597, 0.597, 0.597, 0.597, 0.597, 0.597 [-] Coeff of biomass export for the year OK_STOMATE
COEFF_TAU_LONGTERM 3. [days] time scales for phenology and other processes OK_STOMATE
CONDVEG_ALBNIR 0.25 [-] SW near infrared albedo for the surface Surface albedo in near infrared wavelengths to be used on the point if a 0-dim version of SECHIBA is used. Look at the description of the forcing data for the correct value. IMPOSE_AZE
CONDVEG_ALBVIS 0.25 [-] SW visible albedo for the surface Surface albedo in visible wavelengths to be used on the point if a 0-dim version of SECHIBA is used. Look at the description of the forcing data for the correct value. IMPOSE_AZE
CONDVEG_EMIS 1.0 [-] Emissivity of the surface for LW radiation The surface emissivity used for compution the LE emission of the surface in a 0-dim version. Values range between 0.97 and 1.. The GCM uses 0.98. IMPOSE_AZE
CONDVEG_SNOWA 1.E+20 [-] The snow albedo used by SECHIBA This option allows the user to impose a snow albedo. Default behaviour is to use the model of snow albedo developed by Chalita (1993). OK_SECHIBA
CONDVEG_Z0 0.15 [m] Surface roughness Surface rougness to be used on the point if a 0-dim version of SECHIBA is used. Look at the description of the forcing data for the correct value. IMPOSE_AZE
CWRR_AKS_A0 0.00012 [1/mm] fitted value for relation log((a-a0)/(a_ref-a0)) HYDROL_CWRR
CWRR_AKS_POWER 0.53 [-] fitted value for relation log((a-a0)/(a_ref-a0)) HYDROL_CWRR
CWRR_A_VANGENUCHTEN 0.0075, 0.0036, 0.0019 [1/mm] Van genuchten coefficient a This parameter will be constant over the entire simulated domain, thus independent from soil texture. HYDROL_CWRR
CWRR_KS 1060.8, 249.6, 62.4 [mm/d] Hydraulic conductivity Saturation This parameter will be constant over the entire simulated domain, thus independent from soil texture. HYDROL_CWRR
CWRR_NKS_N0 0.95 [-] fitted value for relation log((n-n0)/(n_ref-n0)) HYDROL_CWRR
CWRR_NKS_POWER 0.34 [-] fitted value for relation log((n-n0)/(n_ref-n0)) HYDROL_CWRR
CWRR_N_VANGENUCHTEN 1.89, 1.56, 1.31 [-] Van genuchten coefficient n This parameter will be constant over the entire simulated domain, thus independent from soil texture. HYDROL_CWRR
DEFC_MULT 1.5 [K.W{-1}] Constant in the computation of surface resistance OK_SECHIBA
DEFC_PLUS 23.E-3 [K.W{-1}] Constant in the computation of surface resistance OK_SECHIBA
DEMI_ALLOC undef, 5., 5., 5., 5., 5., 5., 5., 5., undef, undef, undef, undef [-] mean allocation above/below OK_STOMATE
DEPTH_CSTTHICK DEPTH_MAX_H m Depth at which constant layer thickness start Depth at which constant layer thickness start (smaller than zmaxh/2)
DEPTH_GEOM DEPTH_MAX_H m Depth at which we resume geometrical increases for temperature Depth at which the thickness increases again for temperature.
DEPTH_MAX_H 2.0 or 4.0 depending on hydrol_cwrr m Maximum depth of soil moisture Maximum depth of soil for soil moisture (CWRR).
DEPTH_MAX_T 10.0 m Maximum depth of the soil thermodynamics Maximum depth of soil for temperature.
DEPTH_TOPTHICK 9.77517107e-04 m Thickness of upper most Layer Thickness of top hydrology layer for soil moisture (CWRR).
DEW_VEG_POLY_COEFF 0.887773, 0.205673, 0.110112, 0.014843, 0.000824, 0.000017 [-] coefficients of the polynome of degree 5 for the dew OK_SECHIBA
DIA_COEFF 4., 0.5 [-] OK_STOMATE
DIFFUCO_LEAFCI 233. [ppm] Initial leaf CO2 level if not found in restart The initial value of leaf_ci if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
D_Jmax undef, 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 192000., 200000., 192000. [J mol-1] Energy of deactivation for Jmax See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) OK_CO2
DO_FLOODINFILT n [FLAG] Should floodplains reinfiltrate into the soil This parameters allows the user to ask the model to take into account the flood plains reinfiltration into the soil moisture. It then can go back to the slow and fast reservoirs RIVER_ROUTING
DO_FLOODPLAINS n [FLAG] Should we include floodplains This parameters allows the user to ask the model to take into account the flood plains and return the water into the soil moisture. It then can go back to the atmopshere. This tried to simulate internal deltas of rivers. RIVER_ROUTING
DO_IRRIGATION n [FLAG] Should we compute an irrigation flux This parameters allows the user to ask the model to compute an irigation flux. This performed for the on very simple hypothesis. The idea is to have a good map of irrigated areas and a simple function which estimates the need to irrigate. RIVER_ROUTING
DO_PONDS n [FLAG] Should we include ponds This parameters allows the user to ask the model to take into account the ponds and return the water into the soil moisture. If this is activated, then there is no reinfiltration computed inside the hydrol module. HYDROL_CWRR
DO_PONDS n [FLAG] Should we include ponds This parameters allows the user to ask the model to take into account the ponds and return the water into the soil moisture. It then can go back to the atmopshere. This tried to simulate little ponds especially in West Africa. RIVER_ROUTING
DO_SWAMPS n [FLAG] Should we include swamp parameterization This parameters allows the user to ask the model to take into account the swamps and return the water into the bottom of the soil. It then can go back to the atmopshere. This tried to simulate internal deltas of rivers. RIVER_ROUTING
DOWNREG_CO2 0., 0.38, 0.38, 0.28, 0.28, 0.28, 0.22, 0.22, 0.22, 0.26, 0.26, 0.26, 0.26 [-] coefficient for CO2 downregulation (unitless) OK_CO2
DOWNREGULATION_CO2_BASELEVEL 280. [ppm] CO2 base level OK_SECHIBA
DOWNREGULATION_CO2 n [FLAG] Activation of CO2 downregulation OK_SECHIBA
DRY_SOIL_HEAT_CAPACITY 1.80e+6 [J.m{-3}.K{-1}] Dry soil Heat capacity of soils Values taken from : PIELKE,'MESOSCALE METEOROLOGICAL MODELING',P.384. OK_SECHIBA
DRY_SOIL_HEAT_COND 0.40 [W.m{-2}.K{-1}] Dry soil Thermal Conductivity of soils Values taken from : PIELKE,'MESOSCALE METEOROLOGICAL MODELING',P.384. OK_SECHIBA
DT_ROUTING one_day [seconds] Time step of the routing scheme This values gives the time step in seconds of the routing scheme. It should be multiple of the main time step of ORCHIDEE. One day is a good value. RIVER_ROUTING
DT_STOMATE one_day [seconds] Time step of STOMATE and other slow processes Time step (s) of regular update of vegetation cover, LAI etc. This is also the time step of STOMATE. OK_STOMATE
D_Vcmax undef, 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 200000., 192000., 200000., 192000. [J mol-1] Energy of deactivation for Vcmax Medlyn et al. (2002) also uses 200000. for C3 plants (same value than D_Jmax). 'Consequently', we use the value of D_Jmax for C4 plants. OK_CO2
ECCENTRICITY 0.016724 [-] Use prescribed values ALLOW_WEATHERGEN
ECUREUIL undef, .0, 1., .0, .0, 1., .0, 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1. [-] fraction of primary leaf and root allocation put into reserve OK_STOMATE
E_gamma_star undef, 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830., 37830. [J mol-1] Energy of activation for gamma_star See Medlyn et al. (2002) from Bernacchi al. (2001) OK_CO2
E_Jmax undef, 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 49884., 77900., 49884., 77900. [J mol-1] Energy of activation for Jmax See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) for C4 plants and Kattge & Knorr (2007) for C3 plants (table 3) OK_CO2
E_KmC undef, 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430., 79430. [J mol-1] Energy of activation for KmC See Medlyn et al. (2002) OK_CO2
E_KmO undef, 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380., 36380. [J mol-1] Energy of activation for KmO See Medlyn et al. (2002) OK_CO2
EM_FACTOR_ACETAL 0., 0.1, 0.1, 0.3, 0.15, 0.1, 0.3, 0.3, 0.3, 0.1, 0.15, 0.025, 0.025 [ugC/g/h] Acetaldehyde emissions factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_ACETIC 0., 0.002, 0.002, 0.006, 0.003, 0.002, 0.006, 0.006, 0.006, 0.002, 0.003, 0.0005, 0.0005 [ugC/g/h] Acetic Acid emissions factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_ACETONE 0., 0.29, 0.29, 0.87, 0.43, 0.29, 0.87, 0.87, 0.87, 0.29, 0.43, 0.07, 0.07 [ugC/g/h] Acetone emissions factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_FORMAL 0., 0.07, 0.07, 0.2, 0.1, 0.07, 0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 0.07, 0.1, 0.017, 0.017 [ugC/g/h] Formaldehyde emissions factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_FORMIC 0., 0.01, 0.01, 0.03, 0.015, 0.01, 0.03, 0.03, 0.03, 0.01, 0.015, 0.0025, 0.0025 [ugC/g/h] Formic Acid emissions factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_ISOPRENE 0., 24., 24., 8., 16., 45., 8., 8., 8., 16., 24., 5., 5. [ugC/g/h] Isoprene emission factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_MBO 0., 0., 0., 20.0, 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0. [ugC/g/h] MBO emissions factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_METHANOL 0., 0.6, 0.6, 1.8, 0.9, 0.6, 1.8, 1.8, 1.8, 0.6, 0.9, 2., 2. [ugC/g/h] Methanol emissions factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_MONOTERPENE 0., 0.8, 0.8, 2.4, 1.2, 0.8, 2.4, 2.4, 2.4, 0.8, 1.2, 0.2, 0.2 [ugC/g/h] Monoterpene emission factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_NO_DRY 0., 8.60, 0.40, 0.22, 0.22, 0.22, 0.22, 0.22, 0.22, 2.65, 2.65, 2.65, 2.65 [ngN/m2/s] NOx emissions factor dry soil emissions and exponential dependancy factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_NO_WET 0., 2.6, 0.06, 0.03, 0.03, 0.03, 0.03, 0.03, 0.03, 0.36, 0.36, 0.36, 0.36 [ngN/m2/s] NOx emissions factor wet soil emissions and exponential dependancy factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_ORVOC 0., 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5 [ugC/g/h] ORVOC emissions factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
EM_FACTOR_OVOC 0., 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5 [ugC/g/h] OVOC emissions factor CHEMISTRY_BVOC
ENERBIL_EVAPOT 0.0 Initial Soil Potential Evaporation The initial value of soil potential evaporation if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
ENERBIL_TSURF 280. Kelvin [K] Initial temperature if not found in restart The initial value of surface temperature if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
EPS_CARBON 0.01 [%] Allowed error on carbon stock SPINUP_ANALYTIC
E_Rd undef, 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390., 46390. [J mol-1] Energy of activation for Rd See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) OK_CO2
ESTABLISH_SCAL_FACT 5. [-] OK_DGVM
ESTAB_MAX_GRASS 0.12 [-] Maximum grass establishment rate OK_DGVM
ESTAB_MAX_TREE 0.12 [-] Maximum tree establishment rate OK_DGVM
EVAPNU_SOIL 0.0 [mm] Bare soil evap on each soil if not found in restart The initial value of bare soils evap if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. HYDROL_CWRR
E_Vcmax undef, 71513., 71513., 71513., 71513., 71513., 71513., 71513., 71513., 71513., 67300., 71513., 67300. [J mol-1] Energy of activation for Vcmax See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) for C4 plants and Kattge & Knorr (2007) for C3 plants (table 3) OK_CO2
EVERYWHERE_INIT 0.05 [-] OK_DGVM
EXT_COEFF .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5 [-] extinction coefficient of the Monsi&Seaki relationship (1953) OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE
FAST_TCST fast_tcst_cwrr or fast_tcst_chois depending on flag HYDROL_CWRR [days] Time constant for the fast reservoir This parameters allows the user to fix the time constant (in days) of the fast reservoir in order to get better river flows for particular regions. RIVER_ROUTING
F_FRUIT 0.1 [-] Standard fruit allocation OK_STOMATE
FIRE_DISABLE n [FLAG] no fire allowed With this variable, you can allow or not the estimation of CO2 lost by fire OK_STOMATE
FIREFRAC_COEFF 0.45, 0.8, 0.6, 0.13 [-] OK_STOMATE
FIRE_RESIST_STRUCT 0.5 [-] OK_STOMATE
FLAM undef, .15, .25, .25, .25, .25, .25, .25, .25, .25, .25, .35, .35 [-] flamability: critical fraction of water holding capacity OK_STOMATE
FLOOD_BETA 2.0 [-] Parameter to fix the shape of the floodplain Parameter to fix the shape of the floodplain (>1 for convex edges, <1 for concave edges) RIVER_ROUTING
FLOOD_CRI 2000. [mm] Potential height for which all the basin is flooded DO_FLOODPLAINS or DO_PONDS
FLOOD_TCST 4.0 [days] Time constant for the flood reservoir This parameters allows the user to fix the time constant (in days) of the flood reservoir in order to get better river flows for particular regions. RIVER_ROUTING
FLUX_TOT_COEFF 1.2, 1.4,.75 [days] OK_STOMATE
FORCE_CO2_VEG FALSE [FLAG] Flag to force the value of atmospheric CO2 for vegetation. If this flag is set to true, the ATM_CO2 parameter is used to prescribe the atmospheric CO2. This Flag is only use in couple mode. Only in coupled mode
FORCESOIL_NB_YEAR 1 [years] Number of years saved for carbon spinup. Number of years saved for carbon spinup. If internal parameter cumul_Cforcing is TRUE in stomate.f90 Then this parameter is forced to one. OK_STOMATE
FORCESOIL_STEP_PER_YEAR 365 [days, months, year] Number of time steps per year for carbon spinup. Number of time steps per year for carbon spinup. OK_STOMATE
FORCING_FILE forcing_file.nc [FILE] Name of file containing the forcing data This is the name of the file which should be opened for reading the forcing data of the dim0 model. The format of the file has to be netCDF and COADS compliant. [-]
FPC_CRIT 0.95 [-] critical fpc, needed for light competition and establishment OK_STOMATE
fpseudo undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0.1, undef, 0.1 [-] Fraction of electrons at PSI that follow pseudocyclic transport See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) - Values for C3 plants are not used OK_CO2
fpsir undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0.4, undef, 0.4 [-] Fraction of PSII e− transport rate partitioned to the C4 cycle See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) OK_CO2
fQ undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 1., undef, 1. [-] Fraction of electrons at reduced plastoquinone that follow the Q-cycle See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) - Values for C3 plants are not used OK_CO2
FRAC_CARB_AP 0.004 [-] frac carb coefficients from active pool: depends on clay content fraction of the active pool going into the passive pool OK_STOMATE
FRAC_CARB_PA 0.45 [-] frac_carb_coefficients from passive pool fraction of the passive pool going into the active pool OK_STOMATE
FRAC_CARB_PS 0.0 [-] frac_carb_coefficients from passive pool fraction of the passive pool going into the slow pool OK_STOMATE
FRAC_CARB_SA 0.42 [-] frac_carb_coefficients from slow pool fraction of the slow pool going into the active pool OK_STOMATE
FRAC_CARB_SP 0.03 [-] frac_carb_coefficients from slow pool fraction of the slow pool going into the passive pool OK_STOMATE
FRAC_GROWTHRESP undef, .28, .28, .28, .28, .28, .28, .28, .28, .28, .28, .28, .28 [-] fraction of GPP which is lost as growth respiration OK_STOMATE
FRAC_SOIL_METAB_AA 0.45 [-] frac_soil(imetabolic,iactive,iabove) OK_STOMATE
FRAC_SOIL_METAB_AB 0.45 [-] frac_soil(imetabolic,iactive,ibelow) OK_STOMATE
FRAC_SOIL_STRUCT_A 0.45 [-] frac_soil(istructural,iactive,ibelow) OK_STOMATE
FRAC_SOIL_STRUCT_AA 0.55 [-] frac_soil(istructural,iactive,iabove) OK_STOMATE
FRAC_SOIL_STRUCT_SA 0.7 [-] frac_soil(istructural,islow,iabove) OK_STOMATE
FRAC_SOIL_STRUCT_SB 0.7 [-] frac_soil(istructural,islow,ibelow) OK_STOMATE
FRAC_TURNOVER_DAILY 0.55 [-] OK_STOMATE
fr_dT 2.0 [K] Freezing window OK_SECHIBA
FREE_DRAIN_COEF 1.0 1.0 1.0 [-] Coefficient for free drainage at bottom, dimension nstm The initial value of free drainage coefficient if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. HYDROL_CWRR
g0 undef, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.00625, 0.01875, 0.00625, 0.01875 [mol m−2 s−1 bar−1] Residual stomatal conductance when irradiance approaches zero Value from ORCHIDEE - No other reference. OK_CO2
gamma_star25 undef, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75, 42.75 [ubar] Ci-based CO2 compensation point in the absence of Rd at 25°C (ubar) See Medlyn et al. (2002) for C3 plants - For C4 plants, we use the same value (probably uncorrect) OK_CO2
gbs undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0.003, undef, 0.003 [mol m−2 s−1 bar−1] Bundle-sheath conductance See legend of Figure 6 of Yin et al. (2009) OK_CO2
GDD_CRIT_ESTAB 150. [-] minimum gdd for establishment of saplings OK_STOMATE
GDDNCD_CURVE 0.0091 [-] OK_STOMATE
GDDNCD_OFFSET 64. [-] OK_STOMATE
GDDNCD_REF 603. [-] OK_STOMATE
GDD_SENESCENCE undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 950., 4000. [days] minimum gdd to allow senescence of crops OK_STOMATE
GDD_THRESHOLD 5. [days] GDD : Growing-Degree-Day OK_STOMATE
GET_SLOPE n [FLAG] Read slopes from file and do the interpolation Needed for reading the slopesfile and doing the interpolation. This will be
GPPFRAC_DORMANCE 0.2 [-] rapport maximal GPP/GGP_max pour dormance OK_STOMATE
GREEN_AGE_DEC 0.5 [-] OK_STOMATE
GREEN_AGE_EVER 2. [-] OK_STOMATE
HARVEST_AGRI y [FLAG] Harvest model for agricultural PFTs. Compute harvest above ground biomass for agriculture. Change daily turnover. OK_STOMATE
HCRIT_LITTER 0.08 [m] Scaling depth for litter humidity OK_SECHIBA and .NOT.(HYDROL_CWRR)
HEIGHT_DISPLACEMENT 0.75 [m] Magic number which relates the height to the displacement height. OK_SECHIBA
HERBIVORES n [FLAG] herbivores allowed? With this variable, you can determine if herbivores are activated OK_STOMATE
h_protons undef, 4., 4., 4., 4., 4., 4., 4., 4., 4., 4., 4., 4. [mol mol-1] Number of protons required to produce one ATP See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) - h parameter OK_CO2
HUM_FRAC undef, undef, .5, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, .5, .5, .5,.5 [%] critical humidity (relative to min/max) for phenology OK_STOMATE
HUM_MIN_TIME undef, undef, 50., undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 35., 35., 75., 75. [days] minimum time elapsed since moisture minimum OK_STOMATE
HVC1 0.019 [-] parameters for herbivore activity OK_STOMATE
HVC2 1.38 [-] parameters for herbivore activity OK_STOMATE
HYDROL_BQSB 999999. [kg/m2] Initial restart deep soil moisture if not found in restart The initial value of deep soil moisture if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. Default behaviour is a saturated soil. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_CWRR n [FLAG] Allows to switch on the multilayer hydrology of CWRR This flag allows the user to decide if the vertical hydrology should be treated using the multi-layer diffusion scheme adapted from CWRR by Patricia de Rosnay. by default the Choisnel hydrology is used. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_DSG 0.0 [m] Initial upper reservoir depth if not found in restart The initial value of upper reservoir depth if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_DSP 999999. [m] Initial dry soil above upper reservoir if not found in restart The initial value of dry soil above upper reservoir if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. The default behaviour is to compute it from the variables above. Should be OK most of the time. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_GQSB 0.0 [kg/m2] Initial upper soil moisture if not found in restart The initial value of upper soil moisture if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_HUMCSTE humcste_cwrr or humcste_mct depending on flag HYDROL_CWRR [m] Root profile See module constantes_mtc for different default values OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_HUMR 1.0 [-] Initial soil moisture stress if not found in restart The initial value of soil moisture stress if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_MOISTURE_CONTENT 0.3 [m3/m3] Soil moisture on each soil tile and levels The initial value of mc if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. HYDROL_CWRR
HYDROL_OK_HDIFF n [FLAG] do horizontal diffusion? If TRUE, then water can diffuse horizontally between the PFTs' water reservoirs. OK_SECHIBA and .NOT.(HYDROL_CWRR)
HYDROL_QSV 0.0 [kg/m2] Initial water on canopy if not found in restart The initial value of moisture on canopy if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_QSV 0.0 [mm] Initial water on canopy if not found in restart The initial value of moisture on canopy if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_SNOW 0.0 Initial snow mass if not found in restart The initial value of snow mass if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_SNOW 0.0 [kg/m2] Initial snow mass if not found in restart The initial value of snow mass if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_SNOWAGE 0.0 [days] Initial snow age if not found in restart The initial value of snow age if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_SNOWAGE 0.0 * Initial snow age if not found in restart The initial value of snow age if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_SNOW_NOBIO 0.0 [m] Initial snow amount on ice, lakes, etc. if not found in restart The initial value of snow if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_SNOW_NOBIO 0.0 [mm] Initial snow amount on ice, lakes, etc. if not found in restart The initial value of snow if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_SNOW_NOBIO_AGE 0.0 [days] Initial snow age on ice, lakes, etc. if not found in restart The initial value of snow age if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_SNOW_NOBIO_AGE 0.0 * Initial snow age on ice, lakes, etc. if not found in restart The initial value of snow age if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. OK_SECHIBA
HYDROL_TAU_HDIFF one_day [seconds] time scale (s) for horizontal diffusion of water Defines how fast diffusion occurs horizontally between the individual PFTs' water reservoirs. If infinite, no diffusion. HYDROL_OK_HDIFF
IMPOSE_AZE n [FLAG] Should the surface parameters be prescribed This flag allows the user to impose the surface parameters (Albedo Roughness and Emissivity). It is espacially interesting for 0D simulations. On the globe it does not make too much sense as it imposes the same vegetation everywhere OK_SECHIBA
IMPOSE_PARAM y [FLAG] Do you impose the values of the parameters? This flag can deactivate the reading of some parameters. OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE
IMPOSE_SOILT n [FLAG] Should the soil type be prescribed ? This flag allows the user to impose a soil type distribution. It is espacially interesting for 0D simulations. On the globe it does not make too much sense as it imposes the same soil everywhere IMPOSE_VEG
IMPOSE_VEG n [FLAG] Should the vegetation be prescribed ? This flag allows the user to impose a vegetation distribution and its characteristics. It is espacially interesting for 0D simulations. On the globe it does not make too much sense as it imposes the same vegetation everywhere OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE
IND_0 0.02 [-] initial density of individuals OK_DGVM
IND_0_ESTAB 0.2 [-] OK_DGVM
INIT_SAPL_MASS_CARBRES 5. [-] OK_STOMATE
INIT_SAPL_MASS_FRUIT 0.3 [-] OK_STOMATE
INIT_SAPL_MASS_LEAF_AGRI 1. [-] OK_STOMATE
INIT_SAPL_MASS_LEAF_NAT 0.1 [-] OK_STOMATE
INIT_SAPL_MASS_ROOT 0.1 [-] OK_STOMATE
IRRIGATION_FILE floodplains.nc [FILE] Name of file which contains the map of irrigated areas The name of the file to be opened to read the field with the area in m2 of the area irrigated within each 0.5 0.5 deg grid box. The map currently used is the one developed by the Center for Environmental Systems Research in Kassel (1995). DO_IRRIGATION OR DO_FLOODPLAINS
IS_C4 n, n, n, n, n, n, n, n, n, n, n, y, n, y [BOOLEAN] flag for C4 vegetation types OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE
ISO_ACTIVITY 0.5, 1.5, 1.5, 0.5 [-] Biogenic activity for each age class : isoprene CHEMISTRY_BVOC
KFACT_DECAY_RATE 2.0 [1/m] Factor for Ks decay with depth HYDROL_CWRR
KFACT_MAX 10.0 [-] Maximum Factor for Ks increase due to vegetation HYDROL_CWRR
KFACT_STARTING_DEPTH 0.3 [m] Depth for compacted value of Ks HYDROL_CWRR
KmC25 undef, 404.9, 404.9, 404.9, 404.9, 404.9, 404.9, 404.9, 404.9, 404.9, 650., 404.9, 650. [ubar] Michaelis–Menten constant of Rubisco for CO2 at 25°C See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) for C4 plants and Medlyn et al. (2002) for C3 plants OK_CO2
KmO25 undef, 278400., 278400., 278400., 278400., 278400., 278400., 278400., 278400., 278400., 450000., 278400., 450000. [ubar] Michaelis–Menten constant of Rubisco for O2 at 25°C See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) for C4 plants and Medlyn et al. (2002) for C3 plants OK_CO2
kp undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0.7, undef, 0.7 [mol m−2 s−1 bar−1] Initial carboxylation efficiency of the PEP carboxylase See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) OK_CO2
KZERO 0.0, 12.E-5, 12.E-5, 12.e-5, 12.e-5, 25.e-5, 12.e-5,25.e-5, 25.e-5, 30.e-5, 30.e-5, 30.e-5, 30.e-5 [kg/m2/s] A vegetation dependent constant used in the calculation of the surface resistance. OK_SECHIBA
LAI_FILE lai2D.nc [FILE] Name of file from which the vegetation map is to be read The name of the file to be opened to read the LAI map is to be given here. Usualy SECHIBA runs with a 5kmx5km map which is derived from a Nicolas VIOVY one. LAI_MAP
LAI_INITMIN_GRASS 0.1 [m2/m2] OK_STOMATE
LAI_INITMIN_TREE 0.3 [m2/m2] OK_STOMATE
LAI_LEVEL_DEPTH 0.15 [-] OK_CO2
LAI_MAP n [FLAG] Read the LAI map It is possible to read a 12 month LAI map which will then be interpolated to daily values as needed. OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE
LAIMAX [m2/m2] Maximum LAI OK_SECHIBA
LAI_MAX_TO_HAPPY undef, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5, .5 [-] threshold of LAI below which plant uses carbohydrate reserves OK_STOMATE
LAI_MAX undef, 7., 7., 5., 5., 5., 4.5, 4.5, 3.0, 2.5, 2.5, 5.,5. [m2/m2] maximum LAI, PFT-specific OK_STOMATE
LARCH 0., 0.015, 0.015, 0.003, 0.005, 0.005, 0.003, 0.005, 0.003, 0.005, 0.005, 0.008, 0.008 [-] Larcher 1991 SAI/LAI ratio CHEMISTRY_BVOC
LC 0.22, 0.35, 0.35, 0.35, 0.35, 0.22, 0.22, 0.22 [-] Lignine/C ratio of the different plant parts OK_STOMATE
LEAF_AGE_CRIT_COEFF 1.5, 0.75, 10. [-] OK_STOMATE
LEAF_AGE_CRIT_TREF 20. [days] OK_STOMATE
LEAFAGECRIT undef, 730., 180., 910., 730., 180., 910., 180., 180., 120., 120., 90., 90. [days] critical leaf age, tabulated OK_STOMATE
LEAFAGE_FIRSTMAX 0.03 [-] leaf age at which vmax attains vcmax_opt (in fraction of critical leaf age) relative leaf age at which vmax attains vcmax_opt OK_STOMATE
LEAFAGE_LASTMAX 0.5 [-] leaf age at which vmax falls below vcmax_opt (in fraction of critical leaf age) relative leaf age at which vmax falls below vcmax_opt OK_STOMATE
LEAFAGE_OLD 1. [-] leaf age at which vmax attains its minimum (in fraction of critical leaf age) relative leaf age at which vmax attains its minimum OK_STOMATE
LEAFFALL undef, undef, 10., undef, undef, 10., undef, 10., 10., 10., 10., 10., 10. [days] length of death of leaves, tabulated OK_STOMATE
LEAF_FRAC_HVC 0.33 [-] parameters for herbivore activity OK_STOMATE
LEAFLIFE_TAB undef, .5, 2., .33, 1., 2., .33, 2., 2., 2., 2., 2., 2. [years] leaf longevity OK_STOMATE
LEAF_TAB 4, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3 [-] leaf type : 1 OK_STOMATE
LITTER_CRIT 200. [gC/m2] Critical litter quantity for fire OK_STOMATE
LITTER_STRUCT_COEF 3. [-] OK_STOMATE
LLAIMIN 0., 8., 0., 4., 4.5, 0., 4., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0. [m2/m2] laimin for minimum lai(see also type of lai interpolation) Minimum values of lai used for interpolation of the lai map OK_SECHIBA or IMPOSE_VEG
LPJ_GAP_CONST_MORT y/n depending on OK_DGVM [FLAG] Constant mortality set to TRUE if constant mortality is to be activated OK_STOMATE AND NOT OK_DGVM
MAINT_RESP_COEFF 1.4 [-] OK_STOMATE
MAINT_RESP_MIN_VMAX 0.3 [-] OK_STOMATE
MAINT_RESP_SLOPE_A undef, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0 [-] slope of maintenance respiration coefficient (1/K), constant a of aT2+bT+c , tabulated OK_STOMATE
MAINT_RESP_SLOPE_B undef, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0, .0, -.00133, .0, -.00133, .0 [-] slope of maintenance respiration coefficient (1/K), constant b of aT2+bT+c , tabulated OK_STOMATE
MAINT_RESP_SLOPE_C undef, .20, .20, .16, .16, .16, .16, .16, .16, .16, .12, .16, .12 [-] slope of maintenance respiration coefficient (1/K), constant c of aT2+bT+c , tabulated OK_STOMATE
MAP_PFT_FORMAT y [FLAG] Read a land use vegetation map on PFT format pft values are needed, max time axis is 293 OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE
MASS_RATIO_HEART_SAP 3. [-] mass ratio (heartwood+sapwood)/sapwood OK_STOMATE
MAXDIA_COEFF 100., 0.01 [-] OK_STOMATE
MAX_LTOLSR 0.5 [-] extrema of leaf allocation fraction OK_STOMATE
MAXMASS_SNOW 3000. [kg/m2] The maximum mass of a snow OK_SECHIBA or HYDROL_CWRR
MAX_SNOW_AGE 50. [days?] Maximum period of snow aging OK_SECHIBA
MAX_TREE_COVERAGE 0.98 [-] OK_DGVM
MAX_TURNOVER_TIME undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 80., 80., 80., 80. [days] maximum turnover time for grasse OK_STOMATE
METABOLIC_LN_RATIO 0.018 [-] OK_STOMATE
METABOLIC_REF_FRAC 0.85 [-] OK_STOMATE
METHANOL_ACTIVITY 1., 1., 0.5, 0.5 [-] Isoprene emission factor for each age class : methanol CHEMISTRY_BVOC
MIGRATE_GRASS 10000. [m/year] OK_STOMATE
MIGRATE_TREE 10000. [m/year] OK_STOMATE
MIN_AVAIL 0.01 [-] minimum availability OK_DGVM
MIN_COVER 0.05 [-] For trees, minimum fraction of crown area occupied OK_DGVM
MIN_GROWTHINIT_TIME 300. [days] minimum time since last beginning of a growing season OK_STOMATE
MIN_LEAF_AGE_FOR_SENESCENCE undef, undef, 90., undef, undef, 90., undef, 60., 60., 30., 30., 30., 30. [days] minimum leaf age to allow senescence g OK_STOMATE
MIN_LTOLSR 0.2 [-] extrema of leaf allocation fraction OK_STOMATE
MIN_TURNOVER_TIME undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 10., 10., 10., 10. [days] minimum turnover time for grasse OK_STOMATE
MIN_VEGFRAC 0.001 [-] Minimal fraction of mesh a vegetation type can occupy OK_SECHIBA
MIN_WIND 0.1 [m/s] Minimum wind speed OK_SECHIBA
MOIAVAIL_ALWAYS_GRASS 0.6 [-] moisture availability above which moisture tendency doesn't matter OK_STOMATE
MOIAVAIL_ALWAYS_TREE 1.0 [-] moisture availability above which moisture tendency doesn't matter OK_STOMATE
MOIST_COEFF 1.1, 2.4, 0.29 [-] OK_STOMATE
MOISTCONT_MIN 0.25 [-] minimum soil wetness to limit the heterotrophic respiration OK_STOMATE
NATURAL y, y, y, y, y, y, y, y, y, y, y, n, n [BOOLEAN] natural? OK_SECHIBA, OK_STOMATE
NCDGDD_TEMP undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 5., undef, 0., undef, undef, undef, undef, undef [C] critical temperature for the ncd vs. gdd function in phenology OK_STOMATE
NCD_MAX_YEAR 3. [days] NCD : Number of Chilling Days OK_STOMATE
NEW_TURNOVER_TIME_REF 20. [days] OK_STOMATE
NGD_CRIT undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0., undef, undef, undef, undef, undef [days] critical ngd, tabulated. Threshold -5 degrees NGD : Number of Growing Days. OK_STOMATE
NIR_DRY 0.48, 0.44, 0.40, 0.36, 0.32, 0.28, 0.24, 0.20, 0.55 [-] The correspondance table for the soil color numbers and their albedo OK_SECHIBA
NIR_WET 0.24, 0.22, 0.20, 0.18, 0.16, 0.14, 0.12, 0.10, 0.31 [-] The correspondance table for the soil color numbers and their albedo OK_SECHIBA
NLAI 20 [-] Number of LAI levels OK_SECHIBA
NLIM_TREF 25. [C] OK_STOMATE
NOBIO_WATER_CAPAC_VOLUMETRI 150. [s/m2] OK_SECHIBA and .NOT.(HYDROL_CWRR)
NOSENESCENCE_HUM undef, undef, .8, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, .3, .3, .3, .3 [-] relative moisture availability above which there is no humidity-related senescence OK_STOMATE
NOx_BBG_FERTIL n [FLAG] Calculate NOx emissions with bbg fertilizing effect? set to TRUE if NOx emissions are calculated with bbg effect Fertil effect of bbg on NOx soil emissions CHEMISTRY_BVOC
NOx_FERTILIZERS_USE n [FLAG] Calculate NOx emissions with fertilizers use? set to TRUE if NOx emissions are calculated with fertilizers use Fertilizers use effect on NOx soil emissions CHEMISTRY_BVOC
NOx_RAIN_PULSE n [FLAG] Calculate NOx emissions with pulse? set to TRUE if NOx rain pulse is taken into account CHEMISTRY_BVOC
NPP_LONGTERM_INIT 10. [gC/m2/year] OK_DGVM
NVM 13 [-] number of PFTs The number of vegetation types define by the user OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE
OBLIQUITY 23.446 [Degrees] Use prescribed values ALLOW_WEATHERGEN
Oi 210000. [ubar] Intercellular oxygen partial pressure See Legend of Figure 6 of Yin et al. (2009) OK_CO2
OK_ECORR True if OK_FREEZE else false [FLAG] Energy correction for freezing Energy conservation : Correction to make sure that the same latent heat is released and consumed during freezing and thawing OK_FREEZE_THERMIX
OK_EXPLICITSNOW FALSE [FLAG] Activate explict snow scheme Activate explicit snow scheme instead of default snow scheme OK_SECHIBA
OK_FREEZE_CWRR True if OK_FREEZE else false [FLAG] CWRR freezing scheme by I. Gouttevin
OK_FREEZE FALSE [FLAG] Activate the complet soil freezing scheme Activate soil freezing thermal effects. Activates soil freezing hydrological effects in CWRR scheme. OK_SECHIBA
OK_FREEZE_THERMIX True if OK_FREEZE else false [FLAG] Activate thermal part of the soil freezing scheme
OK_HISTSYNC FALSE [FLAG] Syncronize and write IOIPSL output files at each time step Setting this flag to true might affect run performance. Only use it for debug perpose.
OK_MINRES y [FLAG] Do we try to reach a minimum reservoir even if we are severely stressed? OK_STOMATE
OK_SNOWFACT True if OK_FREEZE else false [FLAG] Activates the smoothering of landscapes by snow,
OK_THERMODYNAMICAL_FREEZING True [FLAG] Calculate frozen fraction thermodynamically Calculate frozen fraction thermodynamically if true, HYDROL_CWRR .AND. OK_FREEZE_CWRR
OUTPUT_FILE sechiba_history.nc [FILE] Name of file in which the output is going to be written This file is going to be created by the model and will contain the output from the model. This file is a truly COADS compliant netCDF file. It will be generated by the hist software from the IOIPSL package. OK_SECHIBA
PERCENT_THROUGHFALL_PFT Case offline+CWRR [0. 0. 0....] else [30. 30. 30.....] [%] Percent by PFT of precip that is not intercepted by the canopy. Default value depend on run mode. During one rainfall event, PERCENT_THROUGHFALL_PFT% of the incident rainfall will get directly to the ground without being intercepted, for each PFT. OK_SECHIBA
PERIHELIE 102.04 [-] Use prescribed values ALLOW_WEATHERGEN
PFT_NAME bare ground, tropical broad-leaved evergreen, tropical broad-leaved raingreen, [-] Name of a PFT the user can name the new PFTs he/she introducing for new species OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE
PFT_TO_MTC 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 [-] correspondance array linking a PFT to MTC OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE
PHENO_GDD_CRIT_A undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0.03125, 0., 0., 0. [-] critical gdd, tabulated (C), constant a of aT2+bT+c OK_STOMATE
PHENO_GDD_CRIT_B undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef,undef, undef, 6.25, 0., 0., 0. [-] critical gdd, tabulated (C), constant b of aT2+bT+c OK_STOMATE
PHENO_GDD_CRIT_C undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 270., 400., 125., 400. [-] critical gdd, tabulated (C), constant c of aT2+bT+c OK_STOMATE
PHENO_MODEL none, none, moi, none, none, ncdgdd, none, ncdgdd, ngd, moigdd, moigdd, moigdd, moigdd [-] which phenology model is used? (tabulated) OK_STOMATE
PHENO_MOIGDD_T_CRIT undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 22.0, undef, undef [C] Average temperature threashold for C4 grass used in pheno_moigdd OK_STOMATE
PHENO_TYPE 0, 1, 3, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 2, 4, 4, 2, 3 [-] type of phenology, 0 OK_STOMATE
PIPE_DENSITY 2.e5 [-] Density OK_STOMATE
PIPE_K1 8.e3 [-] OK_STOMATE
PIPE_TUNE1 100.0 [-] crown area OK_STOMATE
PIPE_TUNE2 40.0 [-] height OK_STOMATE
PIPE_TUNE3 0.5 [-] height OK_STOMATE
PIPE_TUNE4 0.3 [-] needed for stem diameter OK_STOMATE
PIPE_TUNE_EXP_COEFF 1.6 [-] pipe tune exponential coeff OK_STOMATE
POND_BETAP 0.5 [-] Ratio of the basin surface intercepted by ponds and the maximum surface of ponds RIVER_ROUTING
POND_CRI 2000. [mm] Potential height for which all the basin is a pond DO_FLOODPLAINS or DO_PONDS
POROS 0.41 [-] Soil porosity From USDA classification, mean value OK_SECHIBA
PRECIP_CRIT 100. [mm/year] minimum precip OK_STOMATE
PREF_SOIL_VEG 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3 [-] The soil tile number for each vegetation Gives the number of the soil tile on which we will put each vegetation. This allows to divide the hydrological column OK_SECHIBA or OK_STOMATE
PRINTLEV 1 [0, 1, 2, 3, 4] Print level for text output Possible values are: 0 No output, 1 Minimum writing for long simulations, 2 More basic information for long simulations, 3 First debug level, 4 Higher debug level
PRINTLEV_modname 1 [0, 1, 2, 3, 4] Specific print level of text output for the module "modname". Default as PRINTLEV. Use this option to activate a different level of text output for a specific module. This can be activated for several modules at the same time. Use for example PRINTLEV_sechiba.
R0 undef, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30 [-] Standard root allocation OK_STOMATE
RATIO_GEOM_BELOW 2 - Ratio of the geometrical series defining the thickness below DEPTH_GEOM Ratio of the geometrical series defining the thickness below DEPTH_GEOM.
RAYT_CSTE 125 [W.m{-2}] Constant in the computation of surface resistance OK_SECHIBA
READ_PERMAFROST_MAP FALSE [FLAG] Read information about ice content, overburden and permafrost type from IPA map
READ_REFTEMP False [FLAG] Initialize soil temperature using climatological temperature
REF_GREFF 0.035 [1/year] Asymptotic maximum mortality rate Set asymptotic maximum mortality rate from Sitch 2003 (they use 0.01) (year{-1}) OK_STOMATE
REFINEBOTTOM .FALSE. - Depth at which the hydrology layers will be refined towards the bottom. Depth at which the hydrology layers will be refined towards the bottom.
REFTEMP_FILE NONE [FILE] Name of file from which the reference temperature can be read Specify filename if the initial reference temperature should be read from file. Otherwise, the reference temperature is calculated. OK_STOMATE
REINF_SLOPE 0.1 [-] Slope coef for reinfiltration Determines the reinfiltration ratio in the grid box due to flat areas IMPOSE_VEG
RENORM_LAI n [FLAG] flag to force LAI renormelization If true, the laimap will be renormalize between llaimin and llaimax parameters. LAI_MAP
RESERVE_TIME_GRASS 20. [days] maximum time during which reserve is used (grasses) OK_STOMATE
RESERVE_TIME_TREE 30. [days] maximum time during which reserve is used (trees) OK_STOMATE
RESIDENCE_TIME undef, 30.0, 30.0, 40.0, 40.0, 40.0, 80.0, 80.0, 80.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0 [years] residence time of trees OK_DGVM and NOT(LPJ_GAP_CONST_MORT)
RESIST undef, .95, .90, .12, .50, .12, .12, .12, .12, .0, .0, .0, .0 [-] fire resistance OK_STOMATE
RIP_TIME_MIN 1.25 [year] OK_DGVM
RIVER_DESC_FILE river_desc.nc [FILE] Filename in which we write the description of the rivers. If suffix is ".nc" a netCDF file is created File name where we will write the information. If the suffix is ".nc" a netCDF file is generated. Else a simple text file will contain some information. The netCDF file is valuable for post-processing the RIVER_DESC
RIVER_DESC n [FLAG] Writes out a description of the rivers This flag allows to write out a file containing the list of rivers which are beeing simulated. It provides location of outflow drainage area, name and ID. RIVER_ROUTING
RIVER_ROUTING n [FLAG] Decides if we route the water or not This flag allows the user to decide if the runoff and drainage should be routed to the ocean and to downstream grid boxes. OK_SECHIBA
ROUGHHEIGHT 0.0 [m] Height to be added to the height of the first level ORCHIDEE assumes that the atmospheric level height is counted from the zero wind level. Thus to take into account the roughness of tall vegetation we need to correct this by a certain fraction of the vegetation height. This is called the roughness height in ORCHIDEE talk. IMPOSE_AZE
ROUTING_FILE routing.nc [FILE] Name of file which contains the routing information The file provided here should alow the routing module to read the high resolution grid of basins and the flow direction from one mesh to the other. RIVER_ROUTING
ROUTING_RIVERS 50 [-] Number of rivers This parameter chooses the number of largest river basins which should be treated as independently as rivers and not flow into the oceans as diffusion coastal flow. RIVER_ROUTING
RSTRUCT_CONST 0.0, 25.0, 25.0, 25.0, 25.0, 25.0, 25.0, 25.0, 25.0, 2.5, 2.0, 2.0, 2.0 [s/m] Structural resistance OK_SECHIBA
RVEG_PFT 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1., 1. [-] Artificial parameter to increase or decrease canopy resistance. This parameter is set by PFT. OK_SECHIBA
S0 undef, .25, .25, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30, .30 [-] Standard sapwood allocation OK_STOMATE
SECHIBA_FRAC_NOBIO 0.0 [-] Fraction of other surface types within the mesh (0-dim mode) The fraction of ice, lakes, etc. is read from the restart file. If it is not found there we will use the values provided here. For the moment, there is only ice. IMPOSE_VEG
SECHIBA_HISTFILE2 n [FLAG] Flag to switch on histfile 2 for SECHIBA (hi-frequency ?) This Flag switch on the second SECHIBA writing for hi (or low) frequency writing. This second output is optional and not written by default. OK_SECHIBA
SECHIBA_HISTLEVEL2 1 [-] SECHIBA history 2 output level (0..10) Chooses the list of variables in the history file. Values between 0: nothing is written; 10: everything is written are available More details can be found on the web under documentation. web under documentation. First level contains all ORCHIDEE outputs. SECHIBA_HISTFILE2
SECHIBA_HISTLEVEL 5 [-] SECHIBA history output level (0..10) Chooses the list of variables in the history file. Values between 0: nothing is written; 10: everything is written are available More details can be found on the web under documentation. OK_SECHIBA and HF
SECHIBA_LAI 0., 8., 8., 4., 4.5, 4.5, 4., 4.5, 4., 2., 2., 2., 2. [-] LAI for all vegetation types (0-dim mode) The maximum LAI used in the 0dim mode. The values should be found in the restart file. The new values of LAI will be computed anyway at the end of the current day. The need for this variable is caused by the fact that the model may stop during a day and thus we have not yet been through the routines which compute the new surface conditions. IMPOSE_VEG
SECHIBA_LAI 0., 8., 8., 4., 4.5, 4.5, 4., 4.5, 4., 2., 2., 2., 2. [m2/m2] laimax for maximum lai(see also type of lai interpolation) Maximum values of lai used for interpolation of the lai map OK_SECHIBA or IMPOSE_VEG
SECHIBA_OUTPUT_FILE2 sechiba_out_2.nc [FILE] Name of file in which the output number 2 is going to be written This file is going to be created by the model and will contain the output 2 from the model. SECHIBA_HISTFILE2
SECHIBA_QSINT 0.1 [m] Interception reservoir coefficient Transforms leaf area index into size of interception reservoir for slowproc_derivvar or stomate OK_SECHIBA
SECHIBA_QSINT 0.1 [m] Interception reservoir coefficient Transforms leaf area index into size of interception reservoir for slowproc_derivvar or stomate OK_SECHIBA
SECHIBA_restart_in NONE [FILE] Name of restart to READ for initial conditions This is the name of the file which will be opened to extract the initial values of all prognostic values of the model. This has to be a netCDF file. Not truly COADS compliant. NONE will mean that no restart file is to be expected. OK_SECHIBA
SECHIBA_rest_out sechiba_rest_out.nc [FILE] Name of restart files to be created by SECHIBA This variable give the name for the restart files. The restart software within IOIPSL will add .nc if needed. OK_SECHIBA
SECHIBA_VEGMAX 0.2, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.8, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0 [-] Maximum vegetation distribution within the mesh (0-dim mode) The fraction of vegetation is read from the restart file. If it is not found there we will use the values provided here. IMPOSE_VEG
SECHIBA_ZCANOP 0.5 [m] Soil level used for canopy development (if STOMATE disactivated) The temperature at this soil depth is used to determine the LAI when STOMATE is not activated. OK_SECHIBA and .NOT. OK_STOMATE
SENESCENCE_HUM undef, undef, .3, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, .2, .2, .3, .2 [-] critical relative moisture availability for senescence OK_STOMATE
SENESCENCE_TEMP_A undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0., undef, 0., 0.,.00375, 0., 0., 0. [-] critical temperature for senescence (C), constant a of aT2+bT+c , tabulated OK_STOMATE
SENESCENCE_TEMP_B undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 0., undef, 0., 0., .1, 0., 0., 0. [-] critical temperature for senescence (C), constant b of aT2+bT+c ,tabulated OK_STOMATE
SENESCENCE_TEMP_C undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, 12., undef, 7., 2., -1.375, 5., 5., 10. [-] critical temperature for senescence (C), constant c of aT2+bT+c, tabulated OK_STOMATE
SENESCENCE_TYPE none, none, dry, none, none, cold, none, cold, cold, mixed, mixed, mixed, mixed [-] type of senescence, tabulated OK_STOMATE
SLA 1.5E-2, 1.53E-2, 2.6E-2, 9.26E-3, 2E-2, 2.6E-2, 9.26E-3, 2.6E-2, 1.9E-2, 2.6E-2, 2.6E-2, 2.6E-2, 2.6E-2 [m2/gC] specif leaf area OK_STOMATE
SLOPE_NOREINF 0.5 [-] See slope_noreinf above The slope above which there is no reinfiltration
SLOWPROC_HEIGHT 0., 30., 30., 20., 20., 20., 15., 15., 15., .5, .6, 1.0, 1.0 [m] Height for all vegetation types The height used in the 0dim mode. The values should be found in the restart file. The new values of height will be computed anyway at the end of the current day. The need for this variable is caused by the fact that the model may stop during a day and thus we have not yet been through the routines which compute the new surface conditions. OK_SECHIBA
SLOWPROC_HEIGHT 0., 30., 30., 20., 20., 20., 15., 15., 15., .5, .6, 1., 1. [m] prescribed height of vegetation OK_SECHIBA
SLOW_TCST n [days] Time constant for the slow reservoir This parameters allows the user to fix the time constant (in days) of the slow reservoir in order to get better river flows for particular regions. RIVER_ROUTING
SNOWA_AGED 0.35, 0., 0., 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.14, 0.18, 0.18, 0.18, 0.18 [-] Minimum snow albedo value for each vegetation type after aging (dirty old snow) Values are from the Thesis of S. Chalita (1992) OK_SECHIBA
SNOWA_DEC 0.45, 0., 0., 0.06, 0.06, 0.11, 0.06, 0.11, 0.11, 0.52,0.52, 0.52, 0.52 [-] Decay rate of snow albedo value for each vegetation type as it will be used in condveg_snow Values are from the Thesis of S. Chalita (1992) OK_SECHIBA
SNOWCRI 1.5 [kg/m2] Sets the amount above which only sublimation occures OK_SECHIBA or HYDROL_CWRR
SNOWCRI_ALB 10. [cm] Critical value for computation of snow albedo OK_SECHIBA
SNOW_DENSITY 330.0 [-] Snow density for the soil thermodynamics OK_SECHIBA
SNOW_HEAT_COND 0.3 [W.m{-2}.K{-1}] Thermal Conductivity of snow OK_SECHIBA
SNOW_TRANS 0.3 [m] Transformation time constant for snow OK_SECHIBA
SOILALB_FILE soils_param.nc [FILE] Name of file from which the bare soil albedo The name of the file to be opened to read the soil types from which we derive then the bare soil albedos. This file is 1x1 deg and based on the soil colors defined by Wilson and Henderson-Seller. NOT(IMPOSE_AZE)
SOILCLASS_FILE soils_param.nc [FILE] Name of file from which soil types are read The name of the file to be opened to read the soil types. The data from this file is then interpolated to the grid of of the model. The aim is to get fractions for sand loam and clay in each grid box. This information is used for soil hydrology and respiration. NOT(IMPOSE_VEG)
SOIL_FRACTIONS undef_sechiba [-] Fraction of the 3 soil types (0-dim mode) Determines the fraction for the 3 soil types in the mesh in the following order : sand loam and clay. IMPOSE_VEG and IMPOSE_SOILT
SOIL_Q10 0.69 ( [-] OK_STOMATE
SOILTYPE_CLASSIF zobler [-] Type of classification used for the map of soil types The classification used in the file that we use here There are three classification supported: Zobler (7 converted to 3) and USDA (12) !IMPOSE_VEG
SPINUP_ANALYTIC n BOOLEAN Activation of the analytic resolution of the spinup. Activate this option if you want to solve the spinup by the Gauss-Jordan method. OK_STOMATE
SPINUP_PERIOD -1 [years] Period to calulcate equilibrium during spinup analytic Period corresponds in most cases to the number of years of forcing data used in the spinup. SPINUP_ANALYTIC
STEMPDIAG_BID 280. [K] only needed for an initial LAI if there is no restart file OK_SECHIBA
STOMATE_CFORCING_NAME NONE [FILE] Name of STOMATE's carbon forcing file Name that will be given to STOMATE's carbon offline forcing file Compatible with Nicolas Viovy's driver OK_STOMATE
STOMATE_FORCING_MEMSIZE 50 [MegaBytes?] Size of STOMATE forcing data in memory This variable determines how many forcing states will be kept in memory. Must be a compromise between memory use and frequeny of disk access. OK_STOMATE
STOMATE_FORCING_NAME NONE [FILE] Name of STOMATE's forcing file Name that will be given to STOMATE's offline forcing file Compatible with Nicolas Viovy's driver OK_STOMATE
STOMATE_HIST_DT 10. [days] STOMATE history time step Time step of the STOMATE history file OK_STOMATE
STOMATE_HISTLEVEL 10 [-] STOMATE history output level (0..10) 0: nothing is written; 10: everything is written OK_STOMATE
STOMATE_IPCC_HIST_DT 0. [days] STOMATE IPCC history time step Time step of the STOMATE IPCC history file OK_STOMATE
STOMATE_IPCC_OUTPUT_FILE stomate_ipcc_history.nc [FILE] Name of file in which STOMATE's output is going to be written This file is going to be created by the model and will contain the output from the model. This file is a truly COADS compliant netCDF file. It will be generated by the hist software from the IOIPSL package. OK_STOMATE
STOMATE_OK_CO2 n [FLAG] Activate CO2? set to TRUE if photosynthesis is to be activated OK_SECHIBA
STOMATE_OK_DGVM n [FLAG] Activate DGVM? set to TRUE if DGVM is to be activated OK_STOMATE
STOMATE_OK_STOMATE n [FLAG] Activate STOMATE? set to TRUE if STOMATE is to be activated OK_SECHIBA and OK_CO2
STOMATE_OUTPUT_FILE stomate_history.nc [FILE] Name of file in which STOMATE's output is going to be written This file is going to be created by the model and will contain the output from the model. This file is a truly COADS compliant netCDF file. It will be generated by the hist software from the IOIPSL package. OK_STOMATE
STOMATE_RESTART_FILEIN NONE [FILE] Name of restart to READ for initial conditions of STOMATE This is the name of the file which will be opened to extract the initial values of all prognostic values of STOMATE. STOMATE_OK_STOMATE
STOMATE_RESTART_FILEOUT stomate_rest_out.nc [FILE] Name of restart files to be created by STOMATE This is the name of the file which will be opened to write the final values of all prognostic values of STOMATE. STOMATE_OK_STOMATE
STREAM_TCST stream_tcst_cwrr or stream_tcst_chois depending on flag HYDROL_CWRR [days] Time constant for the stream reservoir This parameters allows the user to fix the time constant (in days) of the stream reservoir in order to get better river flows for particular regions. RIVER_ROUTING
SWAMP_CST 0.2 [-] Fraction of the river that flows back to swamps This parameters allows the user to fix the fraction of the river transport that flows to swamps RIVER_ROUTING
T_ALWAYS_ADD 10. [C] monthly temp. above which temp. tendency doesn't matter OK_STOMATE
TAU_CLIMATOLOGY 20 [days] tau for "climatologic variables OK_STOMATE
TAU_FIRE 30. [days] Time scale for memory of the fire index (days). Validated for one year in the DGVM. OK_STOMATE
TAU_FRUIT undef, 90., 90., 90., 90., 90., 90., 90., 90., undef, undef, undef, undef [days] fruit lifetime OK_STOMATE
TAU_GDD 40. [days] time scales for phenology and other processes OK_STOMATE
TAU_GPP_WEEK 7. [days] time scales for phenology and other processes OK_STOMATE
TAU_HUM_MONTH 20. [days] time scales for phenology and other processes OK_STOMATE
TAU_HUM_WEEK 7. [days] time scales for phenology and other processes OK_STOMATE
TAU_LEAFINIT undef, 10., 10., 10., 10., 10., 10., 10., 10., 10., 10., 10., 10. [days] time to attain the initial foliage using the carbohydrate reserve OK_STOMATE
TAU_METABOLIC 0.066 [days] OK_STOMATE
TAU_NGD 50. [days] time scales for phenology and other processes OK_STOMATE
TAU_SAP undef, 730., 730., 730., 730., 730., 730., 730., 730., undef, undef, undef, undef [days] sapwood -> heartwood conversion time OK_STOMATE
TAU_SOILHUM_MONTH 20. [days] time scales for phenology and other processes OK_STOMATE
TAU_STRUCT 0.245 [days] OK_STOMATE
TAU_T2M_MONTH 20. [days] time scales for phenology and other processes OK_STOMATE
TAU_T2M_WEEK 7. [days] time scales for phenology and other processes OK_STOMATE
TAU_TSOIL_MONTH 20. [days] time scales for phenology and other processes OK_STOMATE
TAX_MAX 0.8 [-] maximum fraction of allocatable biomass used for maintenance respiration OK_STOMATE
TCM_CRIT undef, undef, undef, 5.0, 15.5, 15.5, -8.0, -8.0, -8.0, undef, undef, undef, undef [C] critical tcm, tabulated OK_STOMATE
TCST_SNOWA 5.0 [days] Time constant of the albedo decay of snow OK_SECHIBA
THERMOSOIL_NBLEV Number of soil level m Number of soil level Maximum depth of soil for soil moisture HDYROL_CWRR
THERMOSOIL_TPRO 280. Kelvin [K] Initial soil temperature profile if not found in restart The initial value of the temperature profile in the soil if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. Here we only require one value as we will assume a constant throughout the column. OK_SECHIBA
theta undef, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 0.7 [−] Convexity factor for response of J to irradiance See Table 2 of Yin et al. (2009) OK_CO2
TLONG_REF_MAX 303.1 [K] maximum reference long term temperature OK_STOMATE
TLONG_REF_MIN 253.1 [K] minimum reference long term temperature OK_STOMATE
TMIN_CRIT undef, 0.0, 0.0, -30.0, -14.0, -30.0, -45.0, -45.0, undef, undef, undef, undef, undef [C] critical tmin, tabulated OK_STOMATE
TOO_LONG 5. [days] longest sustainable time without regeneration (vernalization) OK_STOMATE
TOPOGRAPHY_FILE cartepente2d_15min.nc [FILE] Name of file from which the topography map is to be read The name of the file to be opened to read the orography map is to be given here. Usualy SECHIBA runs with a 2' map which is derived from the NGDC one.
TPHOTO_MAX undef, 55., 55., 55., 55., 55., 55., 55., 55., 55., 55., 55., 55. [-] maximum photosynthesis temperature (deg C) OK_STOMATE
TPHOTO_MIN undef, -4., -4., -4., -4.,-4.,-4., -4., -4., -4., -4., -4., -4. [-] minimum photosynthesis temperature (deg C) OK_STOMATE
TREAT_EXPANSION n [FLAG] treat expansion of PFTs across a grid cell? With this variable, you can determine whether we treat expansion of PFTs across a grid cell. OK_STOMATE
TSOIL_REF 30. [C] OK_STOMATE
TYPE_OF_LAI inter, inter, inter, inter, inter, inter, inter, inter, inter, inter, inter, inter, inter [-] Type of behaviour of the LAI evolution algorithm OK_SECHIBA
US_INIT 0.0 [-] US_NVM_NSTM_NSLM The initial value of us (relative moisture) if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. HYDROL_CWRR
VCMAX25 undef, 65., 65., 35., 45., 55., 35., 45., 35., 70., 70., 70., 70. [micromol/m2/s] Maximum rate of Rubisco activity-limited carboxylation at 25°C OK_STOMATE
VCMAX_FIX 0., 40., 50., 30., 35., 40.,30., 40., 35., 60., 60., 70., 70. [micromol/m2/s] values used for vcmax when STOMATE is not activated OK_SECHIBA and NOT(OK_STOMATE)
VEGETATION_FILE carteveg5km.nc [FILE] Name of file from which the vegetation map is to be read The name of the file to be opened to read the vegetation map is to be given here. Usualy SECHIBA runs with a 5kmx5km map which is derived from the IGBP one. We assume that we have a classification in 87 types. This is Olson modified by Viovy. NOT(IMPOSE_VEG) and NOT(MAP_PFT_FORMAT)
VEGETATION_FILE PFTmap.nc [FILE] Name of file from which the vegetation map is to be read The name of the file to be opened to read a vegetation map (in pft) is to be given here. MAP_PFT_FORMAT
VEGET_REINIT y [FLAG] booleen to indicate that a new LAND USE file will be used. The parameter is used to bypass veget_year count and reinitialize it with VEGET_YEAR parameter. Then it is possible to change LAND USE file. MAP_PFT_FORMAT
VEGET_UPDATE 0Y [years] Update vegetation frequency The veget datas will be update each this time step. MAP_PFT_FORMAT
VEGET_YEAR 1 [FLAG] Year of the vegetation map to be read First year for land use vegetation (2D map by pft). If VEGET_YEAR is set to 0, this means there is no time axis. MAP_PFT_FORMAT
VIS_DRY 0.24, 0.22, 0.20, 0.18, 0.16, 0.14, 0.12, 0.10, 0.27 [-] The correspondance table for the soil color numbers and their albedo OK_SECHIBA
VIS_WET 0.12, 0.11, 0.10, 0.09, 0.08, 0.07, 0.06, 0.05, 0.15 [-] The correspondance table for the soil color numbers and their albedo OK_SECHIBA
VMAX_OFFSET 0.3 [-] offset (minimum relative vcmax) offset (minimum vcmax/vmax_opt) OK_STOMATE
VWC_FC 0.32, 0.32, 0.32 [m3/m3] Volumetric water content field capacity This parameter is independent from soil texture for the time being. HYDROL_CWRR
VWC_MAX_FOR_DRY_ALB 0.1, 0.1, 0.1 [m3/m3] Vol. wat. cont. below which albedo is cst This parameter is independent from soil texture for the time being. HYDROL_CWRR
VWC_MIN_FOR_WET_ALB 0.25, 0.25, 0.25 [m3/m3] Vol. wat. cont. above which albedo is cst This parameter is independent from soil texture for the time being. HYDROL_CWRR
VWC_RESIDUAL 0.065, 0.078, 0.095 [m3/m3] Residual soil water content This parameter will be constant over the entire simulated domain, thus independent from soil texture. HYDROL_CWRR
VWC_SAT 0.41, 0.43, 0.41 [m3/m3] Saturated soil water content This parameter will be constant over the entire simulated domain, thus independent from soil texture. HYDROL_CWRR
VWC_WP 0.10, 0.10, 0.10 [m3/m3] Volumetric water content Wilting pt This parameter is independent from soil texture for the time being. HYDROL_CWRR
WATER_TO_INFILT 0.0 [mm] Water to be infiltrated on top of the soil The initial value of free drainage if its value is not found in the restart file. This should only be used if the model is started without a restart file. HYDROL_CWRR
WETNESS_TRANSPIR_MAX 0.5, 0.5, 0.5 [-] Soil moisture above which transpir is max This parameter is independent from soil texture for the time being. HYDROL_CWRR
WET_SOIL_HEAT_CAPACITY 3.03e+6 [J.m{-3}.K{-1}] Wet soil Heat capacity of soils OK_SECHIBA
WET_SOIL_HEAT_COND 1.89 [W.m{-2}.K{-1}] Wet soil Thermal Conductivity of soils OK_SECHIBA
WMAX_VEG 150., 150., 150., 150., 150., 150., 150.,150., 150., 150., 150., 150., 150. [kg/m3] Maximum field capacity for each of the vegetations (Temporary): max quantity of water OK_SECHIBA
WRITE_STEP2 1800.0 [seconds] Frequency in seconds at which to WRITE output This variables gives the frequency the output 2 of the model should be written into the netCDF file. It does not affect the frequency at which the operations such as averaging are done. That is IF the coding of the calls to histdef are correct ! SECHIBA_HISTFILE2
WRITE_STEP one_day [seconds] Frequency in seconds at which to WRITE output This variables gives the frequency the output of the model should be written into the netCDF file. It does not affect the frequency at which the operations such as averaging are done. That is IF the coding of the calls to histdef are correct ! OK_SECHIBA
xansmax 0.85 [-] maximum snow albedo OK_SECHIBA
xansmin 0.50 [-] minimum snow albedo OK_SECHIBA
xans_t 0.24 [S-1] albedo decay rate for the wet snow OK_SECHIBA
xans_todry 0.008 [S-1] albedo decay rate for the dry snow OK_SECHIBA
XIOS_ORCHIDEE_OK n [FLAG] Use XIOS for writing diagnostics file Compiling and linking with XIOS library is necessary.
xrhosmax 750 [-] maximum snow density OK_SECHIBA
xsnowrhohold 200.0 [kg/m3] snow density OK_SECHIBA
xwsnowholdmax1 0.03 [-] snow holding capacity 1 OK_SECHIBA
xwsnowholdmax2 0.10 [-] snow holding capacity 2 OK_SECHIBA
Z0_BARE 0.01 [m] bare soil roughness length OK_SECHIBA
Z0CDRAG_AVE y [FLAG] Average method for z0 If this flag is set to true (y) then the neutral Cdrag is averaged instead of the log(z0). This should be the prefered option. We still wish to keep the other option so we can come back if needed. If this is OK_SECHIBA
Z0_ICE 0.001 [m] ice roughness length OK_SECHIBA
Z0_OVER_HEIGHT 1/16. [-] to get z0 from height OK_SECHIBA
Z_DECOMP 0.2 [m] scaling depth for soil activity OK_STOMATE
Z_NITROGEN 0.2 [m] scaling depth for nitrogen limitation OK_STOMATE
ZSNOWCMPCT_ACM 2.8e-6 [1/s] Coefficent for the thermal conductivity OK_SECHIBA
ZSNOWCMPCT_BCM 0.04 [1/K] Coefficent for the thermal conductivity OK_SECHIBA
ZSNOWCMPCT_CCM 460. [m3/kg] Coefficent for the thermal conductivity OK_SECHIBA
ZSNOWCMPCT_RHOD 150.0 [kg/m3] Snow compaction coefficent OK_SECHIBA
ZSNOWCMPCT_V0 3.7e7 [Pa/s] Vapor coefficent for the thermal conductivity OK_SECHIBA
ZSNOWCMPCT_VR 0.018 [m3/kg] Vapor coefficent for the thermal conductivity OK_SECHIBA
ZSNOWCMPCT_VT 0.081 [1/K] Vapor coefficent for the thermal conductivity OK_SECHIBA
ZSNOWTHRMCOND1 0.02 [W/m/K] Thermal conductivity Coef 1 OK_SECHIBA
ZSNOWTHRMCOND2 2.5E-6 [W m5/(kg2 K)] Thermal conductivity Coef 2 OK_SECHIBA
ZSNOWTHRMCOND_AVAP -0.06023 [W/m/K] Thermal conductivity Coef 1 water vapor OK_SECHIBA
ZSNOWTHRMCOND_BVAP -2.5425 [W/m] Thermal conductivity Coef 2 water vapor OK_SECHIBA
ZSNOWTHRMCOND_CVAP -289.99 [K] Thermal conductivity Coef 3 water vapor OK_SECHIBA

Following parameters are only available in offline use of ORCHIDEE:

Config Key Config Def Config Units Config Desc Config Help Config If
ALLOW_WEATHERGEN n [FLAG] Allow weather generator to create data This flag allows the forcing-reader to generate synthetic data if the data in the file is too sparse and the temporal resolution would not be enough to run the model. [-]
ATM_CO2 350. [FLAG] Value for atm CO2 Value to prescribe the atm CO2. [-]
DT_SECHIBA 1800. [seconds] Time-step of the SECHIBA component Determines the time resolution at which the calculations in the SECHIBA component are done NOT(WEATHERGEN)
DT_WEATHGEN 1800. [seconds] Calling frequency of weather generator Determines how often the weather generator is called (time step in s). Should be equal to or larger than Sechiba's time step (say, up to 6 times Sechiba's time step or so). ALLOW_WEATHERGEN
DUMP_WEATHER_FILE weather_dump.nc [FILE] Name of the file that contains the weather from generator DUMP_WEATHER
DUMP_WEATHER_GATHERED y [FLAG] Dump weather data on gathered grid If 'y', the weather data are gathered for all land points. DUMP_WEATHER
DUMP_WEATHER n [FLAG] Write weather from generator into a forcing file This flag makes the weather generator dump its generated weather into a forcing file which can then be used to get the same forcing on different machines. This only works correctly if there is a restart file (otherwise the forcing at the first time step is slightly wrong). ALLOW_WEATHERGEN
FORCING_FILE forcing_file.nc [FILE] Name of file containing the forcing data This is the name of the file which should be opened for reading the forcing data of the dim0 model. The format of the file has to be netCDF and COADS compliant. [-]
HEIGHT_LEV1 2.0 [m] Height at which T and Q are given The atmospheric variables (temperature and specific humidity) are measured at a specific level. The height of this level is needed to compute correctly the turbulent transfer coefficients. Look at the description of the forcing DATA for the correct value. offline mode
HEIGHT_LEV1_DUMP 10. [m] DUMP_WEATHER
HEIGHT_LEVW 10.0 [m] Height at which the wind is given The height at which wind is needed to compute correctly the turbulent transfer coefficients. offline mode
INTER_LIN n [FLAG] Interpolation IF split is larger than 1 Choose IF you wish to interpolate linearly. [-]
IPPREC 0 [-] Use prescribed values If this is set to 1, the weather generator uses the monthly mean values for daily means. If it is set to 0, the weather generator uses statistical relationships to derive daily values from monthly means. ALLOW_WEATHERGEN
LIMIT_EAST 180. [Degrees] Eastern limit of region Eastern limit of the region we are interested in. Between -180 and +180 degrees The model will use the smalest regions from region specified here and the one of the forcing file. [-]
LIMIT_NORTH 90. [Degrees] Northern limit of region Northern limit of the region we are interested in. Between +90 and -90 degrees The model will use the smalest regions from region specified here and the one of the forcing file. [-]
LIMIT_SOUTH -90. [Degrees] Southern limit of region Southern limit of the region we are interested in. Between 90 and -90 degrees The model will use the smalest regions from region specified here and the one of the forcing file. [-]
LIMIT_WEST -180. [Degrees] Western limit of region Western limit of the region we are interested in. Between -180 and +180 degrees The model will use the smalest regions from region specified here and the one of the forcing file. [-]
MERID_RES 2. [Degrees] North-South Resolution North-South Resolution of the region we are interested in. ALLOW_WEATHERGEN
NBUFF 1 - Number of time steps of data to buffer between each reading of the forcing file The full simulation time length will be read if NBUFF equal 0. NBUFF > 1 can be used for smaller regions or site simulations only. OFF_LINE
NETRAD_CONS y [-] Conserve net radiation in the forcing When the interpolation is used the net radiation INTER_LIN
NO_INTER y [days?] No interpolation IF split is larger than 1 Choose IF you do not wish to interpolate linearly. [-]
RELAX_A 1.0 [FLAG] Time constant of the relaxation layer The time constant associated to the atmospheric RELAXATION
RELAXATION n [seconds, days, months, years] method of forcing A method is proposed by which the first atmospheric [-]
RESTART_FILEIN NONE [FILE] Name of restart to READ for initial conditions This is the name of the file which will be opened to extract the initial values of all prognostic values of the model. This has to be a netCDF file. Not truly COADS compliant. NONE will mean that no restart file is to be expected. [-]
RESTART_FILEOUT driver_rest_out.nc [FILE] Name of restart files to be created by the driver This variable give the name for the restart files. The restart software within IOIPSL will add .nc if needed [-]
SPRED_PREC Half of the forcing time step or uniform, depending on dt_force and dt_sechiba [FLAG] Spread the precipitation. Spread the precipitation over SPRED_PREC steps of the splited forcing [-]
TIME_LENGTH Full length of the forcing file [seconds, days, months, years] Length of the integration in time. Length of integration. By default the entire length [-]
TIME_SKIP 0 [FLAG] Time in the forcing file at which the model is started. This time give the point in time at which the model [-]
WEATHGEN_PRECIP_EXACT n [FLAG] Exact monthly precipitation If this is set to y, the weather generator will generate pseudo-random precipitations whose monthly mean is exactly the prescribed one. In this case, the daily precipitation (for rainy days) is constant (that is, some days have 0 precip, where n_precip is the prescribed number of rainy days per month). ALLOW_WEATHERGEN
ZONAL_RES 2. [Degrees] East-West Resolution East-West Resolution of the region we are interested in. In degrees ALLOW_WEATHERGEN