= This version of ORCHIDEE has been used in publication: Global cooling induced by biophysical effects of bioenergy crop cultivation by Wang et al., 2021, in revision


Bioenergy crop with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) is a key negative emission technology to meet carbon neutrality. However, the biophysical effects of widespread bioenergy crop cultivation on temperature remain unclear. Using a coupled atmosphere-land model with an explicit representation of lignocellulosic bioenergy crops, we find that after 50 years of large-scale bioenergy crop cultivation following plausible scenarios, global air temperature decreases by 0.03~0.08°C, with strong regional contrasts and interannual variability. Over the cultivated regions, woody crops induce stronger cooling effects than herbaceous crops due to their larger evapotranspiration rates and smaller aerodynamic resistance. At the continental scale, air temperature changes are not linearly proportional to the cultivation area. Sensitivity tests show that the temperature change is robust for eucalypt but more uncertain for switchgrass among different cultivation maps. Our study calls for new metrics to take the biophysical effects into account when assessing the climate mitigation capacity of BECCS.

The description of this model version can be found in Li et al., 2018, GMD (

Code access

See the version on the webinterface here : ​

Extract it on a terminal as follow, type anonymous as password:

svn co --username anonymous svn:// ORCHIDEE


Creator Wei Li
Affiliation DESS, Tsinghua University
Publisher Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL)
PublicationYear 2021
ResourceType Software
Rights This software is distributed under the CeCILL license
Subject Land surface model, gross primary production, carbon-nitrogen interactions
DataManager Karim Ramage (IPSL)
DataCurator Josefine Ghattas (IPSL)
ContactPerson Daniel Goll (LSCE/UPSaclay)
FundingReference the European Research Council Synergy project SyG-2013-610028 IMBALANCE-P and the ANR CLAND Convergence Institute
Last modified 2 years ago Last modified on 2021-09-29T06:20:22+02:00